Military Wiki
Model 1812 Musket
File:Springfield Model 1812.jpg
Type musket
Place of origin  United States
Service history
In service 1815-1865
Used by United States
Wars War of 1812, Mexican-American War, American Civil War
Production history
Designed 1812
Produced 1814-1816
Number built 30,000
Weight 10 lbs.
Length 58 inches

Caliber .69 musket ball
Action flintlock
Rate of fire 2-3 round/min
Effective range 100 to 200 yards max 50 to 75 effective
Feed system muzzle-loaded

The Springfield Model 1812 Musket is a .69 caliber, flintlock musket produced by the Springfield Armory.

The war of 1812 revealed many weaknesses in the earlier Model 1795 Musket. The Model 1812 was an attempt to improve both the design and manufacturing process of the musket. The design borrowed heavily from the French Charleville model 1777 musket.[1] The Springfield Model 1812 musket arrived too late to be of use in the war of 1812 but would later become standard issue to regular infantry and militia units.[2]

The Model 1812 was a .69 caliber smooth bore musket, with a 42 inch barrel and a 54 inch stock, and a total length of 57 inches. The Model 1812 was produced only at Springfield: the M1795 would continue in production at Harpers Ferry into 1818.[3]

The Model 1812 was produced in a quantity of almost 30,000 between the years 1814 and 1816. It was replaced by the Model 1816 Musket. However, the Model 1812 remained in service for many years, and was even used in the American Civil War, mostly by Confederate forces. By the start of the Civil war, the weapon was considered to be an old and obsolete, but was needed to fill arms shortages.[4]

Some Model 1812 muskets were later converted to percussion lock firing mechanisms. The percussion cap system was much more reliable and weatherproof than the flintlock system used on the Model 1812.

See also


  1. Springfield Armory Weapons Research
  2. "Guns on the Early Frontiers" by Carl P. Russell, Published by U of Nebraska Press, 1980
  3. "Guns of the Old West" by Charles Edward Chapel, Published by Courier Dover Publications, 2002
  4. "A Civil War Treasury" By Albert A. Nofi, Published by Da Capo Press, 1995

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