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The Sparrow (Hebrew: אנקור‎, pronounced [ankor]) target missile is an Israeli medium-range air-launched ballistic missile produced by Rafael Advanced Defense Systems.[1] The missile is currently used as a target missile to test the Arrow anti-ballistic missile system.[2][3][4] The missile has a modular warhead section and is capable of carrying a high explosive warhead.[5]


The missile exists in three version, Black Sparrow, Blue Sparrow, and Silver Sparrow.[5] The Silver Sparrow version is designed to simulate Iranian Shihab-3 class ballistic missiles with a 1,500-2,000 km range.[5][6]

The Silver Sparrow version was first tested on September 2, 2013.[7] The launch from the Mediterranean was detected by a Russian ballistic missile early warning radar at Armavir,[8][9] followed by Israeli acknowledgement of the test over an hour later.[7]


  1. Daniel Estrin (September 3, 2013). "Israel and US test Sparrow missile in Mediterranean". 
  2. Jim Miklaszewski, Courtney Kube and Alastair Jamieson (September 3, 2013). "Amid Syria tension, Israel test-fires missile over Mediterranean Sea". NBC News. 
  3. ""Black Sparrow" Target Missile". Arrow Weapon System. Israel Ministry of Defense. Retrieved 2013-09-05. 
  4. Joshua Mitnick (September 3, 2013). "US-Israel missile test as Syria war tensions rise (+video)". 
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 "Israel Tests a new Target Missile Simulating Iranian Shihab 3 Missiles". Defense Update. September 3, 2013. 
  6. Alon Ben-David (September 9, 2013). "Israeli Missile Test Triggers Russian Warning System". 
  7. 7.0 7.1 Alisa Odenheimer & Calev Ben-David (September 3, 2013). "Israel Carried Out Test Missile Launch: Defense Ministry". 
  8. F. MICHAEL MALOOF (September 10, 2013). "Russia went on war alert over missile test". WND. 
  9. Scott Rose (Sep 3, 2013). "Russia Detected Missiles Launched in Mediterranean, RIA Says". 

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