The Sparrow (Hebrew: אנקור, pronounced [ankor]) target missile is an Israeli medium-range air-launched ballistic missile produced by Rafael Advanced Defense Systems. The missile is currently used as a target missile to test the Arrow anti-ballistic missile system. The missile has a modular warhead section and is capable of carrying a high explosive warhead.
The missile exists in three version, Black Sparrow, Blue Sparrow, and Silver Sparrow. The Silver Sparrow version is designed to simulate Iranian Shihab-3 class ballistic missiles with a 1,500-2,000 km range.
The Silver Sparrow version was first tested on September 2, 2013. The launch from the Mediterranean was detected by a Russian ballistic missile early warning radar at Armavir, followed by Israeli acknowledgement of the test over an hour later.
- Daniel Estrin (September 3, 2013). "Israel and US test Sparrow missile in Mediterranean". http://www.csmonitor.com/World/Latest-News-Wires/2013/0903/Israel-and-US-test-Sparrow-missile-in-Mediterranean.
- Jim Miklaszewski, Courtney Kube and Alastair Jamieson (September 3, 2013). "Amid Syria tension, Israel test-fires missile over Mediterranean Sea". NBC News. http://worldnews.nbcnews.com/_news/2013/09/03/20305187-amid-syria-tension-israel-test-fires-missile-over-mediterranean-sea?lite.
- ""Black Sparrow" Target Missile". Arrow Weapon System. Israel Ministry of Defense. http://www.mod.gov.il/pages/homa/blackSp.htm. Retrieved 2013-09-05.
- Joshua Mitnick (September 3, 2013). "US-Israel missile test as Syria war tensions rise (+video)". http://www.csmonitor.com/World/Middle-East/2013/0903/US-Israel-missile-test-as-Syria-war-tensions-rise-video.
- "Israel Tests a new Target Missile Simulating Iranian Shihab 3 Missiles". Defense Update. September 3, 2013. http://defense-update.com/20130903_silver_sparrow_shihab-3_target_tested.html.
- Alon Ben-David (September 9, 2013). "Israeli Missile Test Triggers Russian Warning System". http://www.aviationweek.com/Article.aspx?id=/article-xml/AW_09_09_2013_p30-612746.xml.
- Alisa Odenheimer & Calev Ben-David (September 3, 2013). "Israel Carried Out Test Missile Launch: Defense Ministry". http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2013-09-03/israel-carried-out-test-missile-launch-defense-ministry.html.
- F. MICHAEL MALOOF (September 10, 2013). "Russia went on war alert over missile test". WND. http://www.wnd.com/2013/09/russia-went-on-war-alert-over-missile-test/.
- Scott Rose (Sep 3, 2013). "Russia Detected Missiles Launched in Mediterranean, RIA Says". http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2013-09-03/russia-detected-missiles-targeting-east-mediterranean-ria-says.html.
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