Military Wiki
Guardia Real
Royal Guard
Emblem of the Spanish Royal Guard.svg
At the crown's service.
Active 8th century - present
Country  Spain
Allegiance King, Fatherland
Branch FAS-ESP.svg Spanish Armed Forces
Type Infantry, Cavalry and Horse artillery
Role Executive protection
Size 1,900 Troops (1 Regiment)
Garrison/HQ Royal Places
Motto(s) Al servicio de la corona
"In the Crown's service"
March Hymn of the Royal Guards
Anniversaries October 12
General Prim
General Castaños

The Royal Guard (Guardia Real) is an independent unit of the Spanish Armed Forces dedicated to the military protection of H.M. the King of Spain and the members of the Spanish Royal Family. It currently has a strength of 1,900 troops. While the guard does participate in parades and other ceremonial events, it is a fully functional combat unit. Its members are recruited from the ranks of all three branches of the Spanish Armed Forces and receive the same training as regular soldiers. Some units have served recently in Afghanistan and Bosnia

The history of the Royal Guard dates back to Medieval times. The senior unit and one of the oldest body guards in the World is the Corps of Gentlemen of the Chamber, the "Monteros de Espinosa", dating to 1006 and created by Sancho Garcia of the House of Castile. The present functions of the unit include the protection of the members of Spanish Royal Family, of the foreign Chiefs of State in visit to Spain and of the royal palaces like the Royal Palace of Madrid, the Palace of El Pardo, the Palacio de la Zarzuela and others.

Detail of the Guard Change, Palacio Real.


HM the King Juan Carlos I inspects the Royal Guard during the 2009 Pascua Militar

King Ferdinand of Aragon escorted by Castile's Royal Guard during the swearing of the Fueros in Guernica in 1476 as Lord of Biscay.

  • High Command of the Royal Guard
  • High Command Group
    • Group HQ
    • HQ Company
    • Security Company
    • Communications Company
    • Formation Center
    • Religious Service of the Royal Guard
  • Escorts Group
    • Group HQ
    • Military Control Company
      • Perimeter Control Section
      • Attack Dog Section
      • Motorcycle Section
    • Military Guard Company
      • 1st Security Section
      • 2nd Security Section
      • Royal Guards Halberdiers Corps Platoon
    • Royal Escort Squadron
    • Royal Horse Artillery Battery
    • Equestrian Training Unit
  • Honors Group
    • Group HQ
    • Army Company "Monteros de Espinosa"
      • 1st Platoon
      • 2nd Platoon
      • 3rd Platoon
    • Navy and Marine Composite Company "Oceanic Sea"
      • 1st Platoon
      • 2nd Platoon
      • 3rd Platoon
    • Air Force Squadron "Plus Ultra"
      • 1st Flight
      • 2nd Flight
      • 3rd Flight
    • Civil Guard Company
    • Mountaineering Group
    • Diving Unit
  • Logistics Group
    • Group HQ
    • Administration Company
    • Maintenance Company
    • Transportation Company
    • Logistics Directorates
  • Musical Unit of the Armed Forces Royal Guard
    • Musical Unit HQ and High Command
    • Symphonic Military band of the Royal Guard
    • Corps of Drums of the Royal Guard (Drums and bugles)
    • Fife Section and Pipe band
    • Brass band of the Royal Guard
    • Royal Guard Big band
    • Imagery Support Group

External links

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