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Southern Military Area
Södra militärområdet
Heraldic arms
Active 1942–2000
Country  Sweden
Allegiance Swedish Armed Forces
Branch Multi (Sea, Air and Land)
Type Military area
Role Operational, territorial and tactical operations
Garrison/HQ Kristianstad
March "På marsch" (Rydberg)[note 1]
Insignia
Command flag AM.087630.jpg

Southern Military Area (Swedish language: Södra militärområdet , Milo S), originally I Military Area (Swedish language: I. militärområdet ) was a Swedish military area, a command of the Swedish Armed Forces that had operational control over Southern Sweden, for most time of its existence corresponding to the area covered by the counties of Malmöhus, Kristianstad (now joined as Skåne County), Blekinge, Kronoberg, Jönköping and Kalmar. The headquarters of Milo S were located in Kristianstad.

History

Milo S was created in 1966 along with five other military areas as part of a reorganisation of the administrative divisions of the Swedish Armed Forces. It can be seen as the successor of the I Military Area (I. militärområdet) created in 1942, but that did not have the same tasks as Milo S. The military area consisted of the land covered by the above-mentioned counties, with the exception of a small part of northern Kalmar County which instead was part of the Eastern Military Area (Milo Ö) until 1983 when the whole county's area was incorporated into Milo S. In 1993, the number of military areas of Sweden was decreased to three, and as a consequence of that, Western Military Area (Milo V) was merged with Milo S to form a new southern military area. In 2000, these last three military areas were disbanded and the command for the whole of Sweden was placed at the Swedish Armed Forces Headquarters, in accordance with the Defence Act of 2000.

Units 1989

In peacetime the Southern Military Area consisted of the following units, which were training recruits for wartime units:

  • Southern Military Area (Milo S), in Kristianstad
    • Army units:
      • P 2 - Scania Dragoon Regiment, in Hässleholm
      • P 6/Fo 14 - North Scania Regiment / Kristianstad Defense Area, in Kristianstad
        • Army Mechanic School
      • P 7/Fo 11 - South Scanian Regiment / Malmö Defense Area, in Ystad
      • I 11/Fo 16/18 - Kronoberg Regiment / Kronoberg and Kalmar Defense Areas, in Växjö
      • I 12/Fo 17 - North Småland Regiment / Jönköping Defense Area, in Eksjö
      • A 3 - Wendes Artillery Regiment, in Kristianstad
      • Lv 4 - Scania Air Defence Regiment, in Ystad
      • Ing 2 - Göta Engineer Regiment, in Eksjö
      • T 4 - Scania Logistic Regiment, in Hässleholm
    • Air Force units:
      • F 5 - Swedish Air Force Flying School, in Ljungbyhed
        • 1st Training Squadron with Saab 105A advanced jet trainers
        • 2nd Training Squadron with Saab 105A advanced jet trainers
        • 3rd Training Squadron with Saab 105A advanced jet trainers
        • 4th Training Squadron (Reserve Officers Training)
        • 5th Training Squadron (Basic Flight Training) with SK 61A and SK 61B planes
        • Basic Flight School
        • Combat Flight School
        • Civil Aviation School
        • Aerial Navigation School
        • Air Force Meteorology School
      • F 10/Se S - Scania Air Force Wing / Air Defense Sector South (covering Milo S and Milo V), in Ängelholm
        • 101st Fighter Squadron, with J 35J Draken fighter aircraft
        • 102nd Fighter Squadron, with J 35J Draken fighter aircraft
        • 103rd Fighter Squadron, with J 35J Draken fighter aircraft
      • F 17 - Blekinge Air Force Wing, in Kallinge
        • 171st Fighter Squadron, with JA 37 Viggen fighter aircraft
        • 172nd Recce Squadron, with SF 37 Viggen photo reconnaissance aircraft and SH 37 Viggen maritime reconnaissance/strike aircraft
    • Navy units:
      • BoMö - Malmö Naval Surveillance, in Malmö
      • ÖrlB S/Fo 15 - South Coast Naval Base / Karlskrona Defense Area, in Karlskrona
        • 13th Helicopter Group, at Ronneby Airfield with CH-46B Sea Knight anti-submarine and Bell 206B utility helicopters, and one CASA C-212 Aviocar in anti-submarine configuration
        • KA 2 - Karlskrona Coastal Artillery Regiment, in Karlskrona
          • Fortress Battalion, with seven 75mm Tornpjäs m/57 batteries in Malmö, Trelleborg, Ystad, Simrishamn, Karlshamn, Järnavik and Aspö, and two 120mm Tornautomatpjäs m/70 batteries in Trelleborg and Ystad
          • 1st Coastal Artillery Battalion with three batteries with 4x mobile 120mm M/80 cannons each for Scania
          • 3rd Coastal Artillery Battalion with three batteries with 4x mobile 120mm M/80 cannons each for Blekinge
          • 1st Mobile Blocking Battalion with one battery with 3x mobile 75mm m/65 guns, one battery with light Robot 52 anti-ship missiles, and a mining troop in Västervik to defend the Orrfjärd Navy Base
          • 6th Mobile Blocking Battalion with one battery with 3x mobile 75mm m/65 guns, one battery with light Robot 52 anti-ship missiles, and a mining troop for the Eastern coast of Scania
          • Heavy Coastal Missile Battery with Robot 08 anti-ship missiles
          • Unknown number of Mobile Blocking Companies consisting of a light Robot 52 anti-ship missile troop, and a mining troop
          • HSwMS Kalmarsund (13) minelayer
          • HSwMS Öresund (18) minelayer
        • 4th Surface Attack Flotilla, in Karlskrona
          • 44th Missile Boat Division, with 6x Norrköping-class missile boats
            • HSwMS Norrköping (R131)
            • HSwMS Nynäshamn (R132)
            • HSwMS Norrtälje (R133)
            • HSwMS Varberg (R134)
            • HSwMS Västerås (R135)
            • HSwMS Västervik (R136)
          • 46th Patrol Boat Division, with 4x Hugin-class patrol boats
            • HSwMS Styrbjörn (P163)
            • HSwMS Starkodder (P164)
            • HSwMS Tordön (P165)
            • HSwMS Tirfing (P166)

In wartime the Southern Military Area would have activated the following major land units, as well as a host of smaller units:

  • 1st Division, in Kristianstad
  • 13th (Armoured) Division, in Kristianstad
    • PB 7 - Malmö Brigade, in Revingehed, a Type 63M armoured brigade based on the P 7 - South Scanian Regiment
    • PB 8 - Göinge Brigade, in Hässleholm, a Type 63M armoured brigade based on the P 2 - Scania Dragoon Regiment
    • IB 11 - Kronoberg Brigade, in Växjö, a Type 77 infantry brigade based on the I 11 - Kronoberg Regiment
    • IB 12 - Jönköping Brigade, in Eksjö, a Type 66M infantry brigade based on the I 12 - North Småland Regiment
    • PB 26 - Kristianstad Brigade, in Kristianstad, a Type 63M armoured brigade based on the P 6 - North Scania Regiment
    • IB 41 - Blekinge Brigade, in Växjö, a Type 66M infantry brigade based on the I 11 - Kronoberg Regiment
    • IB 42 - Kalmar Brigade, in Eksjö, a Type 77 infantry brigade based on the I 12 - North Småland Regiment

Heraldry and traditions

Coat of arms

The coat of arms of the Southern Military Area Staff 1983–1994. Blazon: "Azur, an erect sword with the area letter (S - South) surrounded by an open chaplet of oak leaves, all or."[2]

The coat of arms of the Southern Military Area Staff 1994–2000. It was also used by the Southern Military District (Södra militärdistriktet, MD S) 2000–2005 and the Western Military Region (Västra militärregionen, MR V) 2018–present. Blazon: "Azure, with waves argent six times divided bendy-sinister argent, charged with a doubletailed crowned lion rampant or, armed and langued gules. The shield surmounted an erect sword or."[2]

Medals

In 2000, the Södra militärområdesstabens (MilostabS) minnesmedalj ("Southern Military Area Staff (MilostabS) Commemorative Medal") in silver (MiloSSMM) of the 8th size was established. The medal is oval in shape and the medal ribbon is of yellow moiré with blue edges and a blue stripe on each side.[3]

Commanding officers

Military commanders

Chiefs of Staff

  • 1942–1957: ???
  • 1957–1960: Ove Ljung
  • 1960–1966: ???
  • 1966–1966: Kjell Nordström
  • 1966–1973: Sigmund Ahnfelt
  • 1973–1978: Rolf Rheborg
  • 1978–1979: Bror Stefenson
  • 1980–1984: Carl Björeman
  • 1984–1988: Göran Wallén
  • 1988–1991: Peter Nordbeck
  • 1991–1993: ???
  • 1993–1994: Bertel Österdahl
  • 1994–1999: Ulf Rubarth
  • 1999–2000: Mats Welff

Names, designations and locations

Name Translation From To
I. militärområdet I Military Area 1942-10-01 1966-09-30
Södra militärområdet Southern Military Area 1966-10-01 2000-06-30
Avvecklingsorganisation Decommissioning Organisation 2000-07-01 2001-03-31
Designation From To
I. Milo 1942-10-01 1966-09-30
Milo S 1966-10-01 2000-06-30
Location From To
Kristianstad Garrison 1942-07-06 2001-03-31

See also

Footnotes

  1. The march was adopted in 1994 and was established on 13 June 1996. It was used by the Southern Military District (Södra militärdistriktet) from 2000 to 2005.[1]

References

Notes

  1. Sandberg 2007, p. 64
  2. 2.0 2.1 Braunstein 2006, p. 16
  3. Braunstein 2007, p. 111

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