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{{Wikipedia|South Army (German Empire)}}

Revision as of 09:19, 2 January 2014

Südarmee
South Army
EasternFront1915b.jpg
Eastern Front in the second half of 1915.
Active 11 January 1915 - 25 January 1918
Country  German Empire
Type Army
Engagements

World War I

Eastern Front
Brusilov Offensive
Kerensky Offensive

The South Army (German language: Südarmee / Armeeoberkommando Süd / A.O.K. Süd) was an army level command of the German Army in World War I. It was formed on 11 January 1915 to fight against Russia and served exclusively on the Eastern Front. It was dissolved on 25 January 1918.[1]

History

The South Army was formed in Breslau, on 11 January 1915, by the transformation of II Corps for the Hungarian Carparthian Front. II Corps commander, General der Infanterie Alexander von Linsingen took over the new army command. On 8 July 1915, von Linsingen transferred as commander of the new Army of the Bug. In his place, General der Infanterie Felix Graf von Bothmer of II Bavarian Reserve Corps took command of the South Army. With the Russians withdrawing from the war (Treaty of Brest-Litovsk) and the run down of German forces on the Eastern Front, the army was dissolved on 25 January 1918.

The headquarters of the army was located in Mukachevo (from 11 January 1915), Stryi (from 5 June 1915), Berezhany (from 4 September 1915), Khodoriv (from 15 November 15, 1916) and Chortkiv (from 4 August 1917).

Commanders

The South Army had the following commanders during its existence:[2]

8th Army
From Commander Previously Subsequently
11 January 1915 General der Infanterie Alexander von Linsingen II Corps Army of the Bug
8 July 1915 General der Infanterie Felix Graf von Bothmer II Bavarian Reserve Corps 19th Army

Glossary

  • Armee-Abteilung, or Army Detachment, in the sense of "something detached from an Army". It is not under the command of an Army, so is, in itself, a small Army.[3]
  • Armee-Gruppe, or Army Group, in the sense of a group within an Army and under its command, generally formed as a temporary measure for a specific task.
  • Heeresgruppe, or Army Group, in the sense of a number of armies under a single commander.

See also

References

  1. Cron 2002, p. 82
  2. Cron 2002, p. 399
  3. Cron 2002, p. 84

Bibliography

  • Cron, Hermann (2002). Imperial German Army 1914-18: Organisation, Structure, Orders-of-Battle [first published: 1937]. Helion & Co. ISBN 1-874622-70-1. 
  • Ellis, John; Cox, Michael (1993). The World War I Databook. Aurum Press Ltd. ISBN 1-85410-766-6. 

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