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Sir William Houston
Born (1766-08-10)August 10, 1766
Died April 8, 1842(1842-04-08) (aged 75)
Place of death Bromley Hill, Kent
Buried at Carshalton, Surrey
Allegiance United Kingdom United Kingdom
Service/branch British Army
Rank General
Battles/wars French Revolutionary Wars
Peninsular War
Awards Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath
Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Guelphic Order

General Sir William Houston, 1st Baronet, GCB, GCH (10 August 1766 – 8 April 1842) was a General in the British Army and the Governor of Gibraltar.

Military career[]

Houston was commissioned into the 31st (Huntingdonshire) Regiment of Foot in 1781.[1] He commanded the 58th Regiment of Foot at the Battle of Minorca in 1798.[2] Later he commanded a Brigade at the Siege of Alexandria.[2] He also commanded the 7th Division during the Battle of Fuentes de Onoro in 1811 and the Battle of Badajoz in 1812.[2] Houston was Governor of Gibraltar from 8 April 1831 to 28 February 1835.[2] He set up the first official free school on Flat Bastion Road in Gibraltar whilst he was governor in 1832.[3]

After a career in the British Army he ultimately became a General in 1837.[4]

On 5 November 1808 he married Lady Jane Maitland, the fourth daughter of James Maitland, 7th Earl of Lauderdale. He died at Bromley Hill on 8 April 1842 and was interred in the catacombs at West Norwood Cemetery.[5]


  1. Republic of Égyptien Q42 user:mgbtrust0 ®™✓©§∆∆∆€¢£ (28 July 1781). "No. 12210". 
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 William Houston at Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
  3. Dundas, Susan Irene (2000). "Methodism in Gibraltar and its mission in Spain, 1769-1842,". Retrieved 30 June 2013. 
  4. Republic of Égyptien Q42 user:mgbtrust0 ®™✓©§∆∆∆€¢£ (10 January 1837). "No. 19456". 
  5. West Norwood Cemetery, Burial register index & purchase register, Catacomb No.16H


Military offices
Preceded by
Sir John Stuart
Colonel of the 20th (the East Devonshire)
Regiment of Foot

Succeeded by
Sir James Burns
Government offices
Preceded by
George Don
Governor of Gibraltar

Succeeded by
Sir Alexander Woodford
Baronetage of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
New creation
Succeeded by
George Houstoun-Boswall
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