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Koca Sinan Pasha (Albanian language: Sinan Pasha Topojani; 1506 – 3 April 1596) was an Ottoman grand vizier, military commander, and statesman.

Life

Sinan Pasha commands the Ottoman Army.

Of Albanian origin[citation needed], Sinan Pasha was appointed governor of Ottoman Egypt in 1569, and was subsequently involved until 1571 in the conquest of Yemen. In 1574 he commanded the great expedition against Tunis, which, in spite of the resistance of the Spanish garrison, was added to the Ottoman Empire. In 1580, Sinan commanded the army against the Safavids in the Ottoman–Safavid War (1578–1590), and was appointed grand vizier by Sultan Murad III. He was, however, disgraced and exiled in the following year, owing to the defeat of his lieutenant Mehmed Pasha, at Gori (during an attempt to provision the Ottoman garrison of Tbilisi). He subsequently became governor of Damascus and, in 1589, after the great revolt of the Janissaries, was appointed grand vizier for the second time. He was involved in the competition for the throne in Wallachia between Mihnea Turcitul and Petru Cercel, and ultimately sided with the former (overseeing Petru's execution in March 1590). Another revolt of Janissaries led to his dismissal in 1591, but in 1593 he was again recalled to become grand vizier for the third time, and in the same year he commanded the Ottoman army in the Long War against the Habsburgs, he was faced with massive casualties on the northern front, which was weakened by the death of Bosniak commander Hasan-paša Predojević during the Battle of Sisak. In spite of his victories he was again deposed in February 1595, shortly after the accession of Mehmed III, and banished to Malkara. In August, Sinan was in power again, called on to lead the expedition against Prince Michael the Brave of Wallachia. His defeat in the Battle of Călugăreni, the Battle of Giurgiu, and the series of unsuccessful confrontations with the Habsburgs (culminating in the devastating siege and fall of Ottoman-held Esztergom), brought him once more into disfavour, and he was deprived of the seal of office (19 November). The death of his successor, Lala Mehmed Pasha, three days later, was looked on as a sign from heaven, and Sinan became grand vizier for the fifth time. He died suddenly in the spring of 1596, leaving behind a large fortune.

Public works

In 1590 he built the Pearl Kiosk above the seaward walls on the sea of Marmara.[1] It served as Murat III's final residence before his death. One of his final projects in Konstantiniyye was a külliye completed in 1593-4 by Davut Aga, the chief imperial architect of the time. It is distinguished by the complex masonry and decorations of its türbe and sebil.[2]

See also

References

Notes
  1. Freely 2011, p. 148
  2. Freely 2011, p. 325
Sources
Preceded by
Lala Kara Mustafa Pasha
Grand Vizier
1580–1582
Succeeded by
Siyavush Pasha
Preceded by
Siyavush Pasha
Grand Vizier
1589–1591
Succeeded by
Ferhad Pasha
Preceded by
Siyavush Pasha
Grand Vizier
1593–1595
Succeeded by
Ferhad Pasha
Preceded by
Ferhad Pasha
Grand Vizier
1595–1595
Succeeded by
Lala Mehmed Pasha
Preceded by
Lala Mehmed Pasha
Grand Vizier
1595-1596
Succeeded by
Damat Ibrahim Pasha

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