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Siege of Velikiye Luki
Part of the Livonian War
DateSeptember 1–5, 1580
LocationVelikiye Luki, Russia
Result Polish-Lithuanian victory
Herb Rzeczypospolitej Obojga Narodow.svg Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth
Flag of Transylvania before 1918.svg Principality of Transylvania and foreign mercenaries
Flag of Russia.svg Tsardom of Russia
Commanders and leaders
King Stephen Báthory unknown
unknown unknown

The Siege of Velikiye Luki was one of battles of Livonian campaign of Stephen Báthory. It took place between 1 and 5 September 1580, and ended in Polish-Lithuanian victory. Forces of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth captured Russian fortress of Velikiye Luki.

On July 18, 1580, King Stefan Batory called a council of his hetman, during which two plans were designed - either to march towards Pskov, or to attack Smolensk. After a discussion, a compromise was achieved, in which capture of Russian-held Velikiye Luki was designed. After the siege, Polish-Lithuanian forces were to march towars Pskov, to cut links between Livonia and Muscovy.

The fortress of Velikiye Luki, located by the Lovat River was made of wood and earth. Next to it, a wooden town stood, which was burned by the Commonwealth forces so as it would not give cover to the defenders. The siege began on September 1 with an artillery barrage and infantry attack. Velikiye Luki was set in flames, and the still burning fortress surrendered on September 5. Hungarian mercenaries, who were first to enter it, began widespread looting, not paying attention to the fire, which in the meantime reached the gunpowder magazine. The magazine exploded, killing app. 200 Poles and Hungarians, together with defenders of the fortress.


  • J. Natanson-Leski, Epoka Stefana Batorego w dziejach granicy wschodniej Rzeczypospolitej, Warszawa 1930, s. 64.

See also

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