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Siege of Gdov
Part of Ingrian War
Attributed to Jacob Hoefnagel - Gustavus Adolphus, King of Sweden 1611-1632 - Google Art Project.jpg
Gustav II Adolf
DateAugust 1614
LocationRussia
Result Swedish victory
Belligerents
Sweden Kingdom of Sweden Russia Muscovite Tsardom
Commanders and leaders
Gustav II Adolf Local nobles
Strength
Several thousand mercenaries Few hundred militia
Casualties and losses
Heavy Heavy


Siege of Gdov was part of the Time of Troubles and an episode of the Ingrian War.

Prelude

In 1613, the Swedes, who captured Novgorod, approached Gdov twice, but as a result of the sorties of the garrison and with the help of the Pskov, the siege was withdrawn.[1] In July 1614, the Swedes managed to defeat the Russian army sent to the liberation of Novgorod in the Battle of Bronnitsy, after which they firmly captured the military initiative in the north-west of Russia.[2]

Siege

In August 1614, the main Swedish forces led by Evert Horn were concentrated at Gdov. On August 25, King Gustavus Adolphus also arrived.[2] The defenders of Gdov managed to repel two attacks, in which the Swedes suffered serious losses. However, the situation of the besieged became increasingly critical. Swedish artillery and subversive mines systematically destroyed the fortress wall. When it was destroyed by more than a quarter, the garrison decided to agree to the surrender of the city with free departure to Pskov,[1] where it subsequently took part in repulsing the Swedish siege.

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Velikai︠a︡ russkai︠a︡ smuta : prichiny vozniknovenii︠a︡ i vykhod iz gosudarstvennogo krizisa v XVI-XVII vv.. Strizhova, I. M., Стрижова, И. М.. Moskva: Dar. 2007. ISBN 9785485001230. OCLC 230750976. https://www.worldcat.org/oclc/230750976. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 Željko., Fajfrić, (2008). Ruski carevi (1. izd ed.). Sremska Mitrovica: Tabernakl. ISBN 9788685269172. OCLC 620935678. https://www.worldcat.org/oclc/620935678. 

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