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Siege of Alès (1629)
Part of the Huguenot rebellions
Siege of Ales 1629.jpg
Siege of Alès in June 1629.
Result Royal victory
Pavillon royal de la France.png Kingdom of France Croix huguenote.svg French Huguenot forces
Commanders and leaders
Pavillon royal de la France.png Louis XIII Croix huguenote.svg Henri, Duke of Rohan

The Siege of Alès was undertaken by Louis XIII of France, and the city captured in 17 June 1629.

The siege

The Siege of Alès followed the disastrous capitulation of the main Protestant stronghold of La Rochelle, in the Siege of La Rochelle. Huguenot resistance persisted in the south of France though, and Louis XIII endeavoured to eliminate it as well.[1] With Privas and Anduze, the city of Alès was at the center of a string of Protestants strongholds in the Languedoc, stretching from Nîmes and Uzes in the east, to Castres and Montauban in the west.[2] Ales was selected by Antoine Hercule de Budos, Marquis des Portes (1589-1629), as a strategic target to severe Huguenot defenses in two and disconnect their main centers of Nîmes and Montauban.[2]

After Privas on 28 May 1629, in which the Marquis des Portes was killed, Alès surrendered after an intense siege on 17 June. At the end of the siege, Henri, Duke of Rohan, the leader of the Huguenot rebellion, submitted.[1]


Redition of Montauban, 21 August 1629. Château de Richelieu.

The remaining Huguenot cities rapidly fell, and finally Montauban surrendered without resistance.[2] This was one of the last events in the repression of the Huguenot rebellions in France.[2]

The siege was followed by the Peace of Alès (27 September 1629), which settled the revolt by garantying the practice of the Huguenot religion and judicial protection, but requiring Huguenot strongholds as well as political assemblies to be dismantled.[3][4]

See also


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