Military Wiki
Advertisement
Siege of Aintab
Part of the Franco-Turkish War
AntepGaziler.jpg
A French army officer with five Turkish prisoners. On the officer's right is a soldier of the French Colonial Forces, and on his left (wearing epaulettes) is an auxiliary from the French Armenian Legion.
Date1 April 1920 - 8 February 1921[1]
LocationAintab, Ottoman Empire
Result French victory[2]
Belligerents
Kuvva-i Milliye

France France

Armenia French Armenian Legion
Commanders and leaders
Ali Kılıç
Şahin Bey
Şefik "Özdemir" Bey
France Henri Gouraud
France General Quérette
Strength
Total force:[3][4] [Note 1]
2.920 militia fighters,
6 machine guns,[5]
3 mountain guns[5]
Total force:[3][4][Note 2]
20,000 French soldiers,[6]
1,500 Armenian soldiers,
4 tanks, 11 artillery batteries, 1,400 military animals,[5] 6 aircraft, 1 mobile hospital[5]
Casualties and losses
6,317 killed (mostly civilians)[7] on September 10th: 4 officers and 50 soldiers killed[5]

The siege of Aintab[8][9] or siege of Antep (Turkish: Antep Savunması = Defence of Antep) was a military engagement between the Turkish National Forces and the French Colonial Forces, that occupied the city of Aintab (present day: Gaziantep).

Fighting began in April 1920, when French forces opened fire on city. Fighting continued until February 1921.

Sources

  1. Sabahattin Selek, Millî Mücadele II: İstiklâl Harbi (Yeni Türk Devletinin kuruluşu), p. 19.
  2. Proceedings of the annual meeting of the Western Society for French History, Volume 24, Western Society for French History, 1997, p. 206.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Article about the Siege of Aintab haber7, Serkan Bilge, 25.12.2008
  4. 4.0 4.1 Gaziantep şehitlerinin anısı Savaş Müzesi'nde yaşatılıyorYeni Şafak, 14.08.2008 (Turkish)
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 Kilis'in Antep Müdafaasındaki Yeri, Atatürk Araştırma Merkezi (Atatürk Research Center): Atatürk Araştırma Merkezi Dergisi, Number 31, Edition: 11, March 1995 (Turkish)
  6. Kerr, Stanley E. The Lions of Marash: Personal Experiences with American Near East Relief, 1919-1922. SUNY Press, 1973, ISBN 978-0-87395-200-2, page 222
  7. Bir 'mecbur adam'ın romanı, Radikal, 08.01.2010 (Turkish)
  8. Bilâl Şimşir, İngiliz belgelerinde Atatürk, 1919-1938, Volume 3, Türk Tarih Kurumu Basımevi, p. 168.
  9. Documents on British foreign policy, 1919-1939, Volume 15, H. M. Stationery Off., 1970, p. 155.

Notes

  1. 2.070 armed and 850 unarmed fighters (=2.920)
  2. In April 1920 the French forces consisted of 4,500 soldiers. With the arrival of 15,000 men in November 1920 the French siege force increased to: 13 infantry battalions and 1 cavalry regiment (=20,000 soldiers)

This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia (view authors).
Advertisement