The STZ-5 artillery tractor was a product of the Stalingrad Tractor Factory (STZ) (Russian: Сталинградский тракторный завод) from 1937 to 1942 in the Soviet Union. The tractor was designed to tow division to corps level guns and howitzers of 8 tonnes and less. The STZ-5 was one of the few artillery tractors specifically designed by the Soviet government for its role. With over 9900 built, it was the most-produced Soviet ‘military’ tractor during the war.
The STZ-5 features a fully enclosed metal, two person crew compartment (cab over engine design) with a flat wood cargo bed with drop down wood side walls. The MA-1 gasoline engine (7.4 l. 4 in-line cylinders) was rated at 52HP (38.8 kW) at 1250 rpm. The STZ-5 was rated to carry 1.5 tonnes of cargo on its bed or tow 8 tonnes or less. Under optimum conditions its 6 gear transmission (5 forward, 1 reverse) could yield a maximum speed of 25 km/h (15 mph). It had an operational range of 140 km.
The STZ-5 was designed at the Stalingrad tractor factory with initial work on the project beginning in 1933. The designers borrowed elements and ideas from the British Vickers Carden-Loyd light tank and the American International TA-40 agricultural tractor. Their design goal was to achieve a vehicle capable of acting as a military (towing) tractor and a civilian agricultural tractor. They developed two vehicles on the same chassis and engine, the STZ NATI 1TA (STZ-3) agricultural tractor and the STZ NATI 2TB (STZ-5) military transport. The vehicles were submitted for trial in 1935 and were approved however design refinements for mass production were continued until 1937 when mass production began.
The STZ-5 was designated to tow division level to corps level guns, howitzers and anti-aircraft guns.
This prime mover was praised for its reliability and good cross country ability. It was criticized for having low power, a narrow track and high ground pressure, which would have led to poor performance in snow and mud.
A small number of these vehicles had the 132mm rocket launcher system attached (BM-13-16). While not a common Soviet weapon system these variants of the STZ-5 were used at the battles around Moscow in 1941 and Stalingrad in 1942.
The German army readily pressed captured STZ-5 tractors into service and designated them as CT3-601(r).
Factory: STZ (Stalingradsky Traktorny Zavod)
Years Produced: 1937-1942
Number produced: 9944
Military service: 1937- 1945
Length: 4.15 m
Width: 1.855 m
Height: 2.36 m
Ground clearance: 29 cm
Wading depth: 0.8 m
Engine: 1MA (7.46 l In-line 4 cylinder petrol), 38.8 kW (52 hp) at 1250 rpm.
Range: 145 km
Maximum speed: 25 km/h
Weight: 5840 kg
Transport mass: 1.5t
Towable mass: 4.5 to 7.25t
- Vollert, Jochen (2006). Tyagatshi: Soviet Full Tracked Artillery Tractors of WW2 in Red Army and Wehrmacht Service. Tankograd Publishing - Verlag Jochern Vollert; First Edition. Pg. 221
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Category:STZ-5.|
- "Soviet artillery prime movers of WWII - some info” http://forum.axishistory.com/viewtopic.php?t=74221 Retrieved April 2015
- Engines of the Red Army – STZ-5 page, http://www.o5m6.de/stz-5.html Retrieved April 2015
- "STZ-5 "Stalingradec"" http://www.autogallery.org.ru/m/stz5.htm Retrieved April 2016
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