File:Libertyship linedrawing en.jpg|
Drawing of a liberty ship
|Port of registry:||
|Builder:||Bethlehem Fairfield Shipyard|
|Laid down:||28 July 1943|
|Launched:||22 August 1943|
|Completed:||30 August 1943|
|Out of service:||10 April 1970|
|Fate:||Scrapped, July 1970|
|General characteristics |
|Class & type:||
|Length:||441 ft 6 in (135 m)|
|Beam:||56 ft 10.75 in (17.3419 m)|
|Draft:||27 ft 9.25 in (8.4646 m)|
|Speed:||11.5 knots (21.3 km/h)|
|Capacity:||10,800 long tons deadweight (DWT)|
SS Samara was a British Liberty ship built in 1943 for service in World War II. A Liberty ship built in the United States in 1943, she was bareboat chartered to the British Ministry of War Transport, with Ellerman and Papayanni as managers. When her keel was laid, she holds the name of SS Emma Lazarus before being renamed. Later that year, the ship was renamed SS Samshire while under the same management. In 1947, the ship was used by Ellerman Lines as SS City of Doncaster until 1961, where she was then again sold to Trader Line, Bermuda, as SS Pembroke Trader. Her final management was Doreen Steamship Corp. in Panama, as SS Galleta until she ran aground off Calcutta on 10 April 1970. She was finally scrapped in Hong Kong, July later that year. Her namesake was Samara, a Russian city in Samara Oblast.
The ship was 442 ft 8 in (134.92 m) long overall (417 ft 9 in (127.33 m) between perpendiculars, 427 ft 0 in (130.15 m) waterline), with a beam of 57 ft 0 in (17.37 m). She had a depth of 34 ft 8 in (10.57 m) and a draught of 27 ft 9 in (8.46 m). She was assessed at 7,210 GRT, 4,880 NRT, 10,856 DWT.
She was powered by a triple expansion steam engine, which had cylinders of 24.5 inches (62 cm), 37 inches (94 cm) and 70 inches (180 cm) diameter by 70 inches (180 cm) stroke. The engine was built by the Worthington Pump & Machinery Corporation, Harrison, New Jersey. It drove a single screw propeller, which could propel the ship at 11 knots (20 km/h).
Construction and career
This ship was built by Bethlehem Fairfield Shipyard in Baltimore. She was laid down on 28 July 1943 and launched on 22 August 1943, later completed on 30 August 1943. She was laid down as Emma Lazarus. The ship was managed by Ellerman & Bucknall Steamship Company in 1943. She departed Hampton Roads together with Convoy UGS 19 on 25 September for Port Said while carrying army stores, she arrived on 23 October. The ship returned to Clyde with Convoy MKF 25 on 27 October, from Algiers. Later that year, she was renamed Samshire while under the same management.
In 1947, she was renamed City of Doncaster by Ellerman & Bucknall. Her management was transferred to City Line Ltd., Glasgow, from 1951 until she was again sold to Trader Line Ltd., ten years later. Under the name Pembroke Trader, with a flag of Bermuda. In 1966, Doreen Steamship Corp., Panama, manage to get acquire the ship and renamed it Galleta. Galleta was last managed by Fuji Marden & Co., Hong Kong before she ran aground 100nm southeast of Calcutta, caused by strong winds on 10 April 1970.
- Davies, James (2012). "Liberty Cargo Ships". ww2ships.com. p. 23. http://ww2ships.com/acrobat/us-os-001-f-r00.pdf. Retrieved 7 May 2012.
- "S.S. CITY OF DONCASTER, negative" (in en). https://museum.wales/collections/online/object/5b97a677-5e79-3f8e-b602-f4a9ebe8a2ec/SS-CITY-OF-DONCASTER-negative/.
- "Bethlehem-Fairfield Shipyards Liberty Ships". May 2004. p. 49 of 164. http://ww2ships.com/acrobat/us-os-001-f-r00.pdf.
- "Lloyd's Register, Steamers and Motorships". Lloyd's. 1943. https://plimsoll.southampton.gov.uk/shipdata/pdfs/44/44b0113.pdf. Retrieved 21 June 2021.
- "Convoy UGS.19". http://www.convoyweb.org.uk/ugs/index.html?ugs.php?convoy=19!~ugsmain.
- "Convoy MKF.25". http://www.convoyweb.org.uk/mkf/index.html?mkf.php?convoy=25!~mkfmain.
- "LIBERTY SHIPS - Paul Johnson" (in en). https://transportsofdelight.smugmug.com/SHIPS/World-War-2-Standard-Built/LIBERTY-SHIPS/i-Vb9vwRV.
- Miramar Ship Index
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