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SS Pierce Butler
Career (United States)
Name: Pierce Butler
Namesake: Pierce Butler
Owner: War Shipping Administration (WSA)
Operator: Calmar Steamship Corp.
Ordered: as type (EC2-S-C1) hull, MCE hull 306
Awarded: 1 May 1941
Builder: Bethlehem-Fairfield Shipyard, Baltimore, Maryland[1]
Cost: $1,077,718[2]
Yard number: 2056
Way number: 16
Laid down: 27 June 1942
Launched: 18 August 1942
Sponsored by: Mrs. P.D. Daly
Completed: 27 August 1942
Identification:
  • Call sign: KFNL
  • ICS Kilo.svgICS Foxtrot.svgICS November.svgICS Lima.svg[2]
Fate: Sunk by German submarine U-177, 20 November 1942
General characteristics [3]
Class & type:
  • Liberty ship
  • type EC2-S-C1, standard
Tonnage:
  • 10,865 LT DWT
  • 7,176 GRT
  • Displacement:
  • 3,380 long tons (3,434 t) (light)
  • 14,245 long tons (14,474 t) (max)
  • Length: 441 ft 6 in (135 m)
    Beam: 56 ft 10.75 in (17.3419 m)
    Draft: 27 ft 9.25 in (8.4646 m)
    Installed power:
    • 2 × Oil fired 450 °F (232 °C) boilers, operating at 220 psi (1,500 kPa)
    • 2,500 hp (1,900 kW)
    Propulsion:
  • 2 × oil-fired boilers
  • 1 × triple-expansion steam engine, 2,500 horsepower (1,900 kW) (manufactured by Hamilton Engine Co., Hamilton, Ohio)
  • 1 × screw propeller
  • Speed: 11.5 knots (21.3 km/h)
    Capacity: 10,800 long tons deadweight (DWT)
    Complement: 41
    Armament:
    • Stern-mounted 4"/50 caliber (102 mm) gun for use against surfaced submarines
    • variety of anti-aircraft guns

    SS Pierce Butler was a Liberty ship built in the United States during World War II. She was named after Pierce Butler, a South Carolina, rice planter, slaveholder, politician, an officer in the American Revolutionary War, and one of the Founding Fathers of the United States. He served as a state legislator, a member of the Congress of the Confederation, a delegate to the 1787 Constitutional Convention, and a member of the United States Senate.

    Construction

    Pierce Butler was laid down on 27 June 1942, under a Maritime Commission (MARCOM) contract, MCE hull 306, by the Bethlehem-Fairfield Shipyard, Baltimore, Maryland; she was sponsored by Mrs. P.D. Daly, the wife of a yard employee, and was launched on 18 August 1942.[1][2]

    History

    She was allocated to Calmar Steamship Corp., on 27 August 1942.[4]

    Sinking

    Pierce Butler had set out from New York City for Suez, Egypt, with 8,900 LT (9,000 t) of general cargo. At 11:40, on the morning of 20 November 1942, while steaming unescorted in a nonevasive course at 11 kn (20 km/h; 13 mph), Pierce Butler was struck by two torpedoes fired from the German submarine U-177, at 29°40′S 36°35′E / 29.667°S 36.583°E / -29.667; 36.583Coordinates: 29°40′S 36°35′E / 29.667°S 36.583°E / -29.667; 36.583. Both torpedoes struck Pierce Butler on the starboard side, one struck hold #5, while the other struck forward of the engine room. The crew sent out a distress signal, which was answered, and returned fire at U-177. Eight rounds were fired from the bow mounted 3-inch (76 mm)/50 caliber gun and seven rounds from the stern mounted 4-inch (100 mm)/50 caliber gun in an effort to keep U-177 submerged. It took ten minutes to secure the engines so that the crew of eight officers, 33 crewmen, and 21 Armed guards could abandon the ship in the four lifeboats. Pierce Butler sank at the stern at 12:10. The crew of U-177 questioned Pierce Butler's third mate and offered to send out a distress signal. The entire crew of 62 were rescued after about 20 hours when HMS Fortune picked them up and landed them at Durban, South Africa.[5]

    References

    Bibliography

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