|SS John Randolph|
|Career (United States)|
|Owner:||War Shipping Administration (WSA)|
|Operator:||Waterman Steamship Corp.|
|Ordered:||as type (EC2-S-C1) hull, MCE hull 19|
|Awarded:||14 March 1941|
|Builder:||Bethlehem-Fairfield Shipyard, Baltimore, Maryland|
|Laid down:||15 July 1941|
|Launched:||30 December 1941|
|Completed:||27 February 1942|
|Fate:||Sunk by Allied Naval mine, 5 July 1942|
|General characteristics |
|Class & type:||
|Length:||441 ft 6 in (135 m)|
|Beam:||56 ft 10.75 in (17.3419 m)|
|Draft:||27 ft 9.25 in (8.4646 m)|
|Speed:||11.5 knots (21.3 km/h)|
|Capacity:||10,800 long tons deadweight (DWT)|
SS John Randolph was a Liberty ship built in the United States during World War II. She was named after John Randolph, was a planter and a Congressman from Virginia, serving in the House of Representatives at various times between 1799 and 1833, and the Senate from 1825 to 1827. He was also Minister to Russia under President Andrew Jackson in 1830.
John Randolph was laid down on 15 July 1941, under a Maritime Commission (MARCOM) contract, MCE hull 19, by the Bethlehem-Fairfield Shipyard, Baltimore, Maryland; and was launched on 30 December 1941.
She was allocated to Union Sulphur & Oil Co., Inc., on 27 February 1942.
Having left Murmansk, on 27 June 1942, Convoy QP-13 encountered fog on 5 July 1942, north west of Iceland. Due to the overcast weather and poor visibility, about 1 mi (1.6 km), Commander Cubison, aboard the escort ship HMS Niger, ordered the convoy to form up in two columns, from five, to pass between Straumnes and the Northern Barrage minefield. At 20:00 Commander Cubison had estimated his location at and suggested that the convoy alter course to 222°. At 22:00 Niger mistook what was later identified as an iceberg for Iceland's North Cape, at a bearing of 150° and one mile range. Cubison ordered the convoy to change course to 270°. At 22:40 Niger exploded and sank with a heavy loss of life, this included Commander Cubison. The convoy had entered the minefield at this time and the merchant ships SS Heffron, SS Hybert, SS Massmar, and SS Rodina struck mines and were sunk, John Randolph and SS Exterminator were seriously damaged. The forepart was salved but broke tow on 1 September 1952 and was wrecked at Torrisdale Bay, Sutherland, Scotland, on 5 September.
- Bethlehem-Fairfield Shipyards 2008.
- Davies 2004, p. 23.
- "MHG23280 - John Randolph (Fore Part): Torrisdale Bay, Sutherland". https://her.highland.gov.uk/monument/MHG23280.
- "Record 167 in Wreck Details". https://librarylink.highland.gov.uk/LLFiles/27954/full_27954.pdf.
- Sawyer, L.A.; Mitchell, W.H.. The Liberty ships: the history of the 'Emergency' type cargo ships constructed in the United States during World War II. David & Charles. pp. 42. ISBN 0715349074.
- "Bethlehem-Fairfield, Baltimore MD". www.ShipbuildingHistory.com. 14 August 2008. http://shipbuildinghistory.com/shipyards/emergencylarge/bethfairfield.htm.
- Maritime Administration. "John Randolph". Ship History Database Vessel Status Card. U.S. Department of Transportation, Maritime Administration. https://vesselhistory.marad.dot.gov/ShipHistory/Detail/8793.
- Davies, James (May 2004). "Specifications (As-Built)". p. 23. http://www.ww2ships.com/acrobat/us-os-001-f-r00.pdf.
- "SS John Randolph". http://usmaritimecommission.de/query.php?datalist=1&typeofquery=Name%20of%20Ship&valueofquery=John%20Randolph&code=B0019a.
- "USS Rhind (DD 404)". https://uboat.net/allies/warships/ship/1718.html.
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