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SS James Caldwell
Career (United States)
Name: James Caldwell
Namesake: James Caldwell
Owner: War Shipping Administration (WSA)
Operator: A.H. Bull & Co., Inc.
Ordered: as type (EC2-S-C1) hull, MCE hull 915
Awarded: 1 January 1942
Builder: Bethlehem-Fairfield Shipyard, Baltimore, Maryland[1]
Cost: $1,044,622[2]
Yard number: 2065
Way number: 11
Laid down: 8 August 1942
Launched: 19 September 1942
Sponsored by: Mrs. W.G. Esmond
Completed: 26 September 1942
Identification:
  • Call sign: KHKJ
  • ICS Kilo.svgICS Hotel.svgICS Kilo.svgICS Juliet.svg[2]
Fate:
  • Laid up in the National Defense Reserve Fleet, Beaumont, Texas, 15 December 1948
  • Laid up in the National Defense Reserve Fleet, Mobile, Alabama, 28 June 1952
  • Status: Turned over to the state of Mississippi for artificial reef, 2 December 1974, withdrawn from fleet, 17 December 1974
    General characteristics [3]
    Class & type:
    • Liberty ship
    • type EC2-S-C1, standard
    Tonnage:
  • 10,865 LT DWT
  • 7,176 GRT
  • Displacement:
  • 3,380 long tons (3,434 t) (light)
  • 14,245 long tons (14,474 t) (max)
  • Length: 441 ft 6 in (135 m)
    Beam: 56 ft 10.75 in (17.3419 m)
    Draft: 27 ft 9.25 in (8.4646 m)
    Installed power:
    • 2 × Oil fired 450 °F (232 °C) boilers, operating at 220 psi (1,500 kPa)
    • 2,500 hp (1,900 kW)
    Propulsion:
  • 2 × oil-fired boilers
  • 1 × triple-expansion steam engine, 2,500 horsepower (1,900 kW) (manufactured by Hamilton Engine Co., Hamilton, Ohio)
  • 1 × screw propeller
  • Speed: 11.5 knots (21.3 km/h)
    Capacity: 10,800 long tons deadweight (DWT)
    Complement: 41
    Armament:
    • Stern-mounted 4"/50 caliber (102 mm) gun for use against surfaced submarines
    • variety of anti-aircraft guns

    SS James Caldwell was a Liberty ship built in the United States during World War II. She was named after James Caldwell, a Presbyterian minister who played a prominent part in the American Revolution. Caldwell was an active partisan on the side of the Patriots, and was known as the "Fighting Parson". He was killed on 24 November 1781, by an American sentry in Elizabethtown, New Jersey, when he refused to have a package inspected. The sentry, James Morgan, was hanged for murder on 29 January 1782 in Westfield, New Jersey, amid rumors that he had been bribed to kill the chaplain.

    Construction

    James Caldwell was laid down on 8 August 1942, under a Maritime Commission (MARCOM) contract, MCE hull 915, by the Bethlehem-Fairfield Shipyard, Baltimore, Maryland; she was sponsored by Mrs. W.G. Esmond, the wife of the chief naval architect for MARCOM, in Washington DC, and was launched on 19 September 1942.[1][2]

    History

    She was allocated to A.H. Bull & Co., Inc., on 26 September 1942. On 15 December 1948, she was laid up in the National Defense Reserve Fleet, Beaumont, Texas. On 28 June 1952, she was laid up in the National Defense Reserve Fleet, Mobile, Alabama. On 2 December 1974, she was transferred to the state of Mississippi for use as an artificial reef. She was removed from the fleet on 17 December 1974. She was scuttled off Horn Island, at 30°09′59″N 88°45′13″W / 30.16639°N 88.75361°W / 30.16639; -88.75361Coordinates: 30°09′59″N 88°45′13″W / 30.16639°N 88.75361°W / 30.16639; -88.75361 in 1976.[4]

    References

    Bibliography

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