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SS Harvey Cushing
Career (United States)
Name: Harvey Cushing
Namesake: Harvey Cushing
Owner: War Shipping Administration (WSA)
Operator: Marine Transport Lines, Inc.
Ordered: as type (EC2-S-C1) hull, MC hull 1210
Builder: St. Johns River Shipbuilding Company, Jacksonville, Florida[1]
Cost: $1,455,316[2]
Yard number: 18
Way number: 6
Laid down: 5 September 1943
Launched: 31 October 1943
Sponsored by: Betsey Cushing Roosevelt Whitney
Completed: 11 November 1943
Identification:
  • Call sign: KUJO
  • ICS Kilo.svgICS Uniform.svgICS Juliet.svgICS Oscar.svg[2]
Fate: Laid up in the, National Defense Reserve Fleet, Mobile, Alabama, 30 August 1946
Status: Sold for commercial use, 9 December 1946, removed from fleet, 25 February 1947
Career (Italy)
Name: Eretteo
Owner: Fratelli d'Amico
Operator: A.F. Klaveness & Co.
Fate: Grounded, 20 September 1965
Status: Refloated and scrapped
General characteristics [3]
Class & type:
  • Liberty ship
  • type EC2-S-C1, standard
Tonnage:
  • 10,865 LT DWT
  • 7,176 GRT
  • Displacement:
  • 3,380 long tons (3,434 t) (light)
  • 14,245 long tons (14,474 t) (max)
  • Length: 441 ft 6 in (135 m)
    Beam: 56 ft 10.75 in (17.3419 m)
    Draft: 27 ft 9.25 in (8.4646 m)
    Installed power:
    • 2 × Oil fired 450 °F (232 °C) boilers, operating at 220 psi (1,500 kPa)
    • 2,500 hp (1,900 kW)
    Propulsion:
  • 2 × oil-fired boilers
  • 1 × triple-expansion steam engine, 2,500 horsepower (1,900 kW) (manufactured by Hamilton Engine Co., Hamilton, Ohio)
  • 1 × screw propeller
  • Speed: 11.5 knots (21.3 km/h)
    Capacity: 10,800 long tons deadweight (DWT)
    Complement: 41
    Armament:
    • Stern-mounted 4"/50 caliber (102 mm) gun for use against surfaced submarines
    • variety of anti-aircraft guns

    SS Harvey Cushing was a Liberty ship built in the United States during World War II. She was named after Harvey Cushing, an American neurosurgeon, pathologist, writer and draftsman. A pioneer of brain surgery, he was the first exclusive neurosurgeon and the first person to describe Cushing's disease.

    Construction

    Harvey Cushing was laid down on 5 September 1943, under a Maritime Commission (MARCOM) contract, MC hull 1210, by the St. Johns River Shipbuilding Company, Jacksonville, Florida; she was sponsored by Betsey Cushing Roosevelt Whitney, the daughter of the namesake, and was launched on 31 October 1943.[1][2]

    History

    She was allocated to Marine Transport Lines, Inc., on 11 November 1943. On 30 August 1946, she was laid up in the National Defense Reserve Fleet, Mobile, Alabama. She was sold for commercial use, 9 December 1946, to the government of Italy, for $544,506. She was removed from the fleet on 25 February 1947. Harvey Cushing was renamed Eretteo and reflagged in Italy. On 20 September 1965, she ran aground on Sakhalin Island, and broke in two. She was refloated by the Soviet Union and towed to Sovetskaya Gavan, where she was most likely scrapped.[4]

    References

    Bibliography


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