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SS Empire Galahad
Murillo, seen here sometime between 1946 and 1962, was a later name of Empire Galahad.
Murillo, seen here sometime between 1946 and 1952, was a later name of Empire Galahad.
Career
Name: SS Empire Galahad (1942-46)
SS Celtic Star (1946),
SS Murillo (1946-52)
SS Bogliasco (1952-54)
MV Bogliasco (1954-63)
MV Ocean Peace (1963-67)
Owner: Ministry of War Transport (1942-46),
Blue Star Line (1946),
Lamport & Holt Line (1946-52)
Industriale Maritime, Genoa (1952-63)
Ocean Shipping & Enterprises (1963-67)
Operator: Blue Star Line (1942-46)
Thereafter owner operated.
Port of registry: Civil Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg Greenock (1942-52)
Civil Ensign of Italy.svg Genoa (1952-63)
Flag of Panama.svg Panama (1963-67)
Builder: Lithgows, Port Glasgow
Yard number: 970
Launched: 18 May 1942
Completed: July 1942
Out of service: 13 September 1967
Identification: UK official number 168985 (1942-52)
Code letters BDYN (1942-52)
ICS Bravo.svg ICS Delta.svg ICS Yankee.svg ICS November.svg
Fate: Scrapped at Kaohsiung, Taiwan, 1967
General characteristics
Tonnage: 7,046 grt, 4,230 nrt, 9,170 dwt
Length: 432 ft 8 in (131.88 m)
Beam: 56 ft 2 in (17.12 m)
Propulsion: To 1954 - 1 x triple-expansion steam engine, (J Kincaird & Co, Greenock).
After 1954 - 1 x 6-cylinder 2SCSA diesel engine, (Cantieri Riuniti dell' Adriatico, Trieste).
Speed: 10.5 knots (19.4 km/h)

SS Empire Galahad was a refrigerated cargo ship built in 1942 and scrapped in 1967. She was also known by the names SS Celtic Star (1946), SS Murillo (1946–52), SS Bogliasco (1952–54), MV Bogliasco (1954–63) and MV Ocean Peace (1963–67). She was scrapped in Taiwan in 1967.

Background

The Empire ships were a series of ships in the service of the British Government. Their names were all prefixed with "Empire". Mostly they were used during World War II by the Ministry of War Transport (MoWT), who owned the ships but contracted out their management to various shipping lines. Some ships requisitioned during the Suez Crisis were also given the Empire prefix. They were acquired from a number of sources. Many were built for the MoWT, others obtained from the USA, still others were captured or seized from enemy powers.

History

Empire Galahad was built by Lithgows in Port Glasgow for the MoWT. She was launched on Monday 18 May 1942[1] and completed in July.[2] Empire Galahad spent the war years under the management of Blue Star Line.[3]

War service

Empire Galahad was a member of the following convoys:-

  • SL 123, which sailed from Freetown, Sierra Leone on 23 September 1942 and arrived in the UK on 13 October 1942.[4]
  • SC 122, which sailed from New York on 5 March 1943 and arrived at Liverpool on 24 March. Empire Galahad was carrying general cargo, meat and a passenger. She joined this convoy from convoy HX.228.[5][6]
  • MKS 22, which sailed from Freetown on 14 August 1943 and arrived at Liverpool on 6 September. Empire Galahad was carrying a refrigerated cargo and also linseed.[7][8]
  • SL 143, which sailed from Freetown, Sierra Leone on 12 December 1943 and arrived in the UK on 5 January 1944.[9]
  • SL 157, which sailed from Freetown, Sierra Leone on 1 May 1944 and arrived in the UK on 23 May 1944.[10]
  • SL 169, which sailed from Freetown, Sierra Leone on 29 August 1944 and arrived in the UK on 16 September 1944.[11]
  • MKS 74, which sailed from Mediterranean on 31 December 1944 and arrived in the UK on 8 January 1945.[12]
  • KMS 83, which sailed from Liverpool on 6 February 1945 and arrived at Gibraltar on 12 February. Empire Galahad was in ballast, and sailed from Milford Haven, with an eventual destination of the River Plate She was armed with a 4.7 inches (120 mm) gun and eight machine guns.[13]

Post war

In 1946 she was bought by Blue Star and renamed Celtic Star, being quickly sold to Lamport & Holt Line and renamed Murillo, the second Lamport & Holt ship to carry that name. In 1952 she was sold to Industriale Maritime and renamed Bogliasco, sailing under the Italian flag. In 1954, the original triple-expansion steam engine (maker J G Kincaid, Glasgow) was replaced by a six-cylinder two-stroke Single Cycle Single Action diesel engine (maker Cantieri Riuniti dell' Adriatico, Trieste).[3] She served for a total of nine years before being sold to Ocean Shipping & Enterprises in 1963 and being renamed Ocean Peace, sailing under the Panamanian flag . She was sold for scrap in 1967, and arrived at Kaohsiung, Taiwan for scrapping on 12 September 1967.[1][14]

Official number and code letters

Official Numbers were a forerunner to IMO Numbers.

Empire Galahad had the UK Official Number 168985 and used the Code Letters BDYN.[15]

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 "MV Empire Galahad". Shipping Times. http://www.clydesite.co.uk/clydebuilt/viewship.asp?id=18295. Retrieved 2008-03-24. 
  2. "1168985". Miramar Ship Index. http://www.miramarshipindex.org.nz. Retrieved 2008-12-16.  (subscription required)
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Lamport & Holts' S.S. "Murillo" 2". bluestarline.org. http://www.bluestarline.org/lamports/murillo2.html. Retrieved 2008-10-24. 
  4. "Item details—ADM 199/2189/17—Convoy number SL123 from Sierra Leone (Freetown) to UK". The Catalogue. The National Archives. http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/catalogue/externalrequest.asp?requestreference=ADM199/2189/17. Retrieved 11 November 2009. 
  5. "Convoy SC.122". Convoyweb.org. http://www.warsailors.com/convoys/sc122.html. Retrieved 2008-03-24. 
  6. "Item details—ADM 199/2189/114—Convoy number SC122 from Convoy number SC122 from Sydney (Cape Breton) or Halifax or New York to UK (slow)". The Catalogue. The National Archives. http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/catalogue/externalrequest.asp?requestreference=ADM199/2189/114. Retrieved 11 November 2009. 
  7. "Convoy SL.135 / MKS.22". Convoyweb.org. http://www.convoyweb.org.uk/sl/index.html?sl135.htm~slmain. Retrieved 2008-03-24. 
  8. "Item details—ADM 199/2190/38—Convoy number SL135 from Sierra Leone (Freetown) to UK". The Catalogue. The National Archives. http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/catalogue/externalrequest.asp?requestreference=ADM199/2190/38. Retrieved 11 November 2009. 
  9. "Item details—ADM 199/2190/122—Convoy number SL143 from Sierra Leone (Freetown) to UK". The Catalogue. The National Archives. http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/catalogue/externalrequest.asp?requestreference=ADM199/2190/122. Retrieved 11 November 2009. 
  10. "Item details—ADM 199/2190/122—Convoy number SL157 from Sierra Leone (Freetown) to UK". The Catalogue. The National Archives. http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/catalogue/externalrequest.asp?requestreference=ADM199/2191/92. Retrieved 11 November 2009. 
  11. "Item details—ADM 199/2192/57—Convoy number SL169 from Sierra Leone (Freetown) to UK". The Catalogue. The National Archives. http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/catalogue/externalrequest.asp?requestreference=ADM199/2192/57. Retrieved 11 November 2009. 
  12. "Item details—ADM 199/2193/59—Convoy number MKS74 from Mediterranean to UK (slow, military)". The Catalogue. The National Archives. http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/catalogue/externalrequest.asp?requestreference=ADM199/2193/59. Retrieved 11 November 2009. 
  13. "Convoy OS.109/KMS.83". Convoyweb.org. http://www.convoyweb.org.uk/oskms/index.html?os109.htm~osmain. Retrieved 2008-03-24. 
  14. "LAMPORT AND HOLT LINE". Merchant Navy Officers .com. http://www.merchantnavyofficers.com/LH6.html. Retrieved 2008-03-24. 
  15. "LLOYD'S REGISTER, STEAMERS & MOTORSHIPS". Plimsoll Ship Data. http://www.plimsollshipdata.org/pdffile.php?name=41b0998.pdf. Retrieved 31 January 2009. 

External links

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