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SS Empire Broadsword
Career
Class and type: C1-S-AY-1 Infantry landing ship
Name: Cape Marshall (1943)
Empire Broadsword (1943-44)
Owner: War Shipping Administration
Operator: Cunard White Star Line
Port of registry: United Kingdom London
Builder: Consolidated Steel Corporation, Wilmington, California
Launched: 16 August 1943
Completed: December 1943
Out of service: 2 July 1944
Identification: United Kingdom Official Number 169737
Code Letters MYMJ
ICS Mike.svgICS Yankee.svgICS Mike.svgICS Juliet.svg
Fate: Struck a mine and sank
General characteristics
Tonnage: 7,177 GRT
4,823 NRT
Length: 396 ft 5 in (120.83 m)
Beam: 60 ft 1 in (18.31 m)
Depth: 35 ft (10.67 m)
Propulsion: Steam turbines, double reduction geared driving a single screw
Armament: 1 x 4 in gun
1 x 12 pdr gun
12 x 20mm guns

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Empire Broadsword was an Type C1-S-AY-1 infantry landing ship built in 1943 as Cape Marshall. She was renamed Empire Broadsword before completion and entering into service for the Ministry of War Transport (MoWT). She had a short career, entering service in December 1943 and being sunk by a mine in July 1944.

Construction

The ship was built by Consolidated Steel Corporation, Wilmington, California as yard number 348. She was launched on 16 August 1943 as Cape Marshall.[1] She was 396 feet 5 inches (120.83 m) long, with a beam of 60 feet 1 inch (18.31 m) and a depth of 35 feet (10.67 m). She was propelled by two steam turbines which drove a single screw via double reduction gearing. The steam turbine were manufactured by Westinghouse Electrical and Manufacturing Corp, Essington, Pennsylvania.[2]

Career

The ship was transferred under the terms of lend lease shortly after being completed in 1943 under the name Empire Broadsword.[3] She was chartered by the MoWT, and was operated under the management of Cunard White Star Line[2]

The Empire Broadsword was mined and sunk off Normandy while supporting the allied invasion of Europe.[4] Her position is 49°25′N 0°54′W / 49.417°N 0.9°W / 49.417; -0.9.[1] Seventy survivors were rescued by USS PC-1225.[5] The wreck lies on its starboard side in 27 metres (89 ft) of water and is now a dive site.[6] Those lost on Empire Broadsword are commemorated at the Tower Hill Memorial, London.[7]

Official Numbers and Code Letters

Official Numbers were a forerunner to IMO Numbers. Empire Broadsword had the UK Official Number 169737 and used the Code Letters MYMJ.[2]

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 "1169737". Miramar Ship Index. http://www.miramarshipindex.org.nz. Retrieved 10 December 2009.  (subscription required)
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 "LLOYD'S REGISTER, NAVIRES A VAPEUR ET A MOTEURS". Plimsoll Ship Data. http://www.plimsollshipdata.org/pdffile.php?name=43b1112.pdf. Retrieved 10 December 2009. 
  3. Colledge. Ships of the Royal Navy. pp. 113. 
  4. "EMPIRE - B". mariners-l.co.uk. http://www.mariners-l.co.uk/EmpireB.html. Retrieved 2008-11-25. 
  5. "Waverly". Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. Navy Department, Naval History & Heritage Command. http://www.hazegray.org/danfs/patrol/pc1225.htm. Retrieved 2 May 2012. 
  6. "Legacy of the landings". Dive Magazine. http://www.divemagazine.co.uk/news/article.asp?UAN=5258&v=1. Retrieved 10 December 2009. [dead link]
  7. "Ship Index A-F". Brian Watson. http://www.benjidog.co.uk/Tower%20Hill/Ship%20Index%20A-F.html. Retrieved 20 May 2011. 

Sources



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