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Robert Broadwood
Robert Broadwood
Born 1862
Died June 21, 1917(1917-06-21) (agd 54 or 55)
Allegiance  United Kingdom
Service/branch Flag of the British Army.svg British Army
Rank Lieutenant-General
Commands held Commander of British Troops in South China
Battles/wars World War I
Awards Companion of the Order of the Bath

Lieutenant General Robert George Broadwood, CB (1862 – 21 June 1917) was Commander of British Troops in South China.

Military career

Robert was the third son and child of Thomas Broadwood and Mary Athlea Matthews and a grandson of John Broadwood the founder of the Broadwood Piano Company. He never married.

He joined the 12th Royal Lancers (Prince of Wales) in 1881[1] and participated in the Dongola Expeditionary Force and Egyptian Campaign in 1896.[1] Between 1893 and 1896 he worked closely with Egyptian forces allied with Great Britain and was present at Atbara and Khartoum.[1]

As a Lieutenant Colonel he served under Lord Kitchener in the Battle of Omdurman in Sudan during the Nile Campaign of 1898 launched to suppress the Sudanese Mahdist revolt. In this capacity he was placed in charge of the contingent of Egyptian cavalry fighting alongside Commonwealth regulars. At the start of the battle Lord Kitchener placed this contingent on the British right flank to protect a small hill there. The Sudanese initially attacked this flank and Broadwood was commended in the official dispatch back to the War Office in England for his adept leadership. He was also awarded the Order of Osmanieh (Fourth Class) as a result of this incident.[2]

As a Brigadier General he commanded Commonwealth forces at the Surprise of Sanna’s Post (aka Korn Spruit) during the Second Boer War. In this engagement Boer forces achieved complete tactical surprise and Broadwood’s forces suffered over 150 fatalities in the resulting ambush.[3]

He later served as Commander of Troops in Natal, South Africa from 1903 to 1904.[1] He went on to serve as Commander of British Troops in South China in 1906.[4]

During World War I he served as Commanding General of the 57th (2nd West Lancashire) Division, which fought at the Second Battle of Passchendaele,[5] from 20 October 1916 until he died of wounds suffered in battle on 21 June 1917.[1] He is buried in the Anzac Cemetery near Sailly-sur-la-Lys.[6]

During his career he was awarded the CB.

External links

Military offices
Preceded by
Villiers Hatton
Commander of British Troops in South China
1906–1910
Succeeded by
Sir Charles Anderson

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