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Robert Farmar
2nd Governor of British West Florida

In office
October 20, 1763 – October 1764
Preceded by Augustine Prévost
Succeeded by George Johnstone
Personal details
Born 1717
New Brunswick, New Jersey
Died August 1778 (aged 60–61)
Mobile, Alabama
Nationality American
Military service
Allegiance  Kingdom of Great Britain
Service/branch  British Army
Years of service 1740–1766
Rank Major

Robert Farmar (1717–1778) was a British Army officer that fought in the Seven Years' War, served as interim governor of British West Florida and later served as the commander at Fort Charlotte.[1]

Early life[]

Farmar was born in New Brunswick, New Jersey, the son of Thomas and Anne Farmar, a prominent family in New Jersey. He came from a very large family consisting of nine boys and three girls. As a young boy he was sent to England to become educated and returned to the Unites States around 1739. Upon returning he quickly began to rally support for Great Britain.

Enlistment of men[]

On April 16, 1740 New Jersey governor Lewis Morris issued a public proclamation in the local newspaper:

By the Governors Command. Notice is hereby given to all such as shall be willing to enlist in the important expedition now on foot for attacking and plundering the most valuable part of the Spanish West Indies to repair to the following gentleman and subscribe their names til a general rendezvous shall be ordered at Philadelphia ...[2]

Farmar and his father answered the call and began recruiting a company of men. On August 2, 1740 he submitted paperwork indicating that his company was full. However a subsequent inquiry found that his company was not complete and erroneously listed twelve men from another company. He was denied commission until he could prove that he recruited an entire company of men. A British officer was appointed to resolve the situation and ordered him to march his company to New Brunswick for inspection. He passed the inspection and on August 8, 1740 and received his certified commission.

West Indies[]

After successfully recruiting his men he marched them south and waited for deployment. They arrived and boarded waiting vessels on September 30, 1740 but were delayed as more supplies were brought onboard. On October 14, 1740 they set sail for Jamaica and arrived sometime in mid-November. Farmar received his captain's commission on January 10, 1741 as he fought alongside the British regulars across the West Indies until the war ended in 1748.[3]

Seven years war[]

On May 28, 1761 Farmar received a letter from Charles Townshend:

I have the satisfaction to inform you that His Majesty has this day been pleased to promote you to the rank of Major in the 34th Regt of Foot commanded by Lord Frederick Cavendish; And I beg leave to add on my own part, that both from my temper and my public situation, I take the sincerist pleasure in every such instance & testimony of His Majesty's approbation conferred upon officers of your distinguished Merit & Rank.

He was promoted to serve with the 34th Regiment of Foot under Lord Frederick Cavendish, the younger son of William Cavendish, 3rd Duke of Devonshire.

Capture of Havana[]

On March 5, 1762 the 34th Regiment of Foot sailed from England across the Atlantic and arrived at Havana a few months later on June 6. They immediately began fortifying the beachhead and erecting artillery batteries with defensive entrenchments. Early in the morning on July 22, 1762 the Spaniards launched a surprise attack against the position held by Farmar. He was fully prepared for the attack and immediately countered by sending 150 redcoats to defend the post. The surprise attack lasted a little over an hour and failed, costing the Spaniards 500-600 lives compared to the British loss of around 120 men.

An engineer from the 34th Regiment named Archibald Robertson described the aftermath:

"Everywhere repulsed and pursued into the very water where numbers of them were killed and drowned!"

The British had successfully defended the position and the artillery batteries were completely intact. A week later the batteries opened fire with an unending bombardment. The city surrendered on August 16, 1762. A few months later the Treaty of Paris was signed and Farmar was sent to Mobile, Alabama.

Fort Charlotte[]

Farmar arrived at Fort Condé on October 20, 1763 and immediately accepted the surrender of the fort. The fort was renamed Fort Charlotte in honor of Queen Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz. He declared that all of the inhabitants of West Florida were subjects of England and demanded that they take an oath of allegiance to the British Crown.[4]

Farmar served as an interim governer of Mobile for about a year and was succeeded by George Johnstone.

Court martial[]

Johnstone and Farmar did not get along. The disagreements escalated quickly and Farmar was accused of embezzlement and misuse of government funds. After a long trial that was held in Pensacola in he was acquitted and sailed back to England. Upon returning he found that he had lost his commission and would not be serving as governor of the British West Florida colony.[5][6]

Mobile[]

Farmar returned to Mobile to retire and join the planter class. He was elected to the General Assembly five times and served as a justice of the peace for three terms.[7]

References[]

  1. Robert Right Rea (1990). Major Robert Farmar of Mobile. University of Alabama Press. ISBN 978-0-8173-0505-5. https://books.google.com/books?id=WEGSvb55eEcC. 
  2. J. Smith Futhey; Gilbert Cope (1881). History of Chester County, Pennsylvania, with Genealogical and Biographical Sketches. L. H. Everts. pp. 49–. https://books.google.com/books?id=jcYxAQAAMAAJ&pg=PA49. 
  3. Charles Farmar Billopp (1908). A history of Thomas and Anne Billopp Farmar, and some of their descendants in America. Grafton Press. pp. 76–. https://books.google.com/books?id=rIRJAAAAMAAJ&pg=PA76. 
  4. Mary Ann Wells (1994). Native Land: Mississippi, 1540-1798. Univ. Press of Mississippi. pp. 165–. ISBN 978-1-61703-442-8. https://books.google.com/books?id=YVenVk3HFJ8C&pg=PA165. 
  5. Collections of the Illinois State Historical Library. Illinois State Historical Library. 1915. pp. 264–. https://books.google.com/books?id=NiA7AAAAIAAJ&pg=PA264. 
  6. Howard, C.N.. ""The Military Occupation of British West Florida, 1763". pp. 181–199". JSTOR 30145313. 
  7. "Robert Farmar". http://www.encyclopediaofalabama.org/article/h-2613. Retrieved 12 December 2019. 

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