|Robert Edward Femoyer|
|Born||October 31, 1921|
|Died||November 2, 1944(aged 23)|
|Place of birth||Huntington, West Virginia|
|Place of death||England|
|Place of burial||Greenlawn Cemetery, Jacksonville, Florida|
|Service/branch||United States Army Air Forces|
|Years of service||1942–1944|
|Unit||711th Bombardment Squadron, 447th Bomb Group (Heavy)|
|Battles/wars||World War II|
Medal of Honor|
|Other work||Eagle Scout|
Robert Edward Femoyer (October 31, 1921 – November 2, 1944) is one of only nine known Eagle Scouts to receive the Medal of Honor; the others are Aquilla J. Dyess, Eugene B. Fluckey, Thomas R. Norris, Arlo L. Olson, Mitchell Paige, Ben L. Salomon, Leo K. Thorsness, and Jay Zeamer, Jr.. He served in the U.S. Army Air Forces and is the only navigator awarded the Medal of Honor.
Femoyer joined the Enlisted Reserve Corps on November 11, 1942 and was called to active duty in February 1943. He took basic training at Miami Beach, Florida, aircrew training at the University of Pittsburgh, and became an aviation cadet at the Mississippi Institute of Aeronautics in Jackson but failed his pilot training. In 1944, he graduated from the Army Air Force (AAF) Flexible Gunnery School at Fort Myers, Florida, and the AAF Navigation School at Selman Field, Louisiana. From his training assignments, he went to the European Theater in September 1944, as a second lieutenant and was assigned to the 447th Bomb Group's 711th Squadron. Six weeks later, on November 2, 1944, he was the navigator of a B-17 Flying Fortress on a bombing mission over Merseburg, Germany, his bomber was struck by three antiaircraft shells and he was wounded. He was in pain and had significant blood loss, but refused morphine in order to keep his head clear while he continued to navigate the bomber for two and a half hours, changing course six times to avoid enemy antiaircraft fire. He remained alert though his pain was described as "almost beyond the realm of human endurance". Once the airplane was in safe airspace over the English Channel, Femoyer finally agreed to an injection of morphine; but thirty minutes after landing he died of wounds. His actions saved the lives of the entire crew. For his actions during this mission, he posthumously received the Medal of Honor. His body rests in Jacksonville, Florida.
Medal of Honor citation
"For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty near Merseburg, Germany, on 2 November 1944. While on a mission, the bomber, of which 2d Lt. Femoyer was the navigator, was struck by 3 enemy antiaircraft shells. The plane suffered serious damage and 2d Lt. Femoyer was severely wounded in the side and back by shell fragments which penetrated his body. In spite of extreme pain and great loss of blood he refused an offered injection of morphine. He was determined to keep his mental faculties clear in order that he might direct his plane out of danger and so save his comrades. Not being able to arise from the floor, he asked to be propped up in order to enable him to see his charts and instruments. He successfully directed the navigation of his lone bomber for 21⁄2 hours so well it avoided enemy flak and returned to the field without further damage. Only when the plane had arrived in the safe area over the English Channel did he feel that he had accomplished his objective; then, and only then, he permitted an injection of a sedative. He died shortly after being removed from the plane. The heroism and self-sacrifice of 2d Lt. Femoyer are in keeping with the highest traditions of the U.S. Army."
- Powell, J. R. (June 20, 1997). "Virginia Tech Medal of Honor recipients". Virginia Tech. http://spec.lib.vt.edu/archives/125th/cadets/medalhon.htm. Retrieved August 2, 2012.
- "Femoyer Hall". Virginia Tech. http://www.vt.edu/about/buildings/femoyer-hall.html. Retrieved August 2, 2012.
- "2nd Lt. Robert E. Femoyer". United States Air Force. Archived from the original on December 12, 2012. http://archive.is/ZuCC. Retrieved August 3, 2012.
- "Femoyer, Robert". Medal of Honor recipients: World War II (A–F). United States Army Center of Military History. http://www.history.army.mil/html/moh/wwII-a-f.html. Retrieved August 2, 2012.
- "Medal of Honor Recipients at Va Tech". Virginia Tech. 2012. http://www.armyrotc.vt.edu/aboutus/Medal_Honor.html. Retrieved August 2, 2012.
- "MOH Citation for Robert Femoyer". Home of Heroes. http://www.homeofheroes.com/moh/citations_1940_wwii/femoyer.html. Retrieved August 2, 2012.
- This article incorporates text in the public domain from the United States Air Force.
- "Robert Edward Femoyer". Claim to Fame: Medal of Honor recipients. Find a Grave. http://www.findagrave.com/memorial/7135839. Retrieved December 10, 2007.
- "Congressional Medal of Honor Society". http://www.cmohs.org/.
- "Photo of Femoyer's gravesite". Home of Heroes. http://www.homeofheroes.com/gravesites/states/pages_af/femoyer_robert.html.
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