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Richard Richardson
File:File:Richard Richardson.jpg
General Richard Richardson
Born 1704
Died 1780 (aged 75–76)
Place of birth Jamestown
Province of Virginia
Place of death South Carolina
Buried at Richardson family cemetery, Rimini, South Carolina
Allegiance  Kingdom of Great Britain
 United States
Service/branch South Carolina Militia
Continental Army
Years of service 1776-1780
Commands held South Carolina South Carolina Line
Battles/wars Anglo-Cherokee War
American Revolutionary War
Spouse(s) Dorothy Sinkler, Mary Cantey
Relations John Peter Richardson II (grandson)
John Lawrence Manning (grandson)
James Cantey (great grandson)
Richard Irvine Manning (great-great grandson)
Patrick Henry Nelson II (great-great grandson)
Patrick Henry Nelson III (great-great-great-great grandson)

Richard Richardson (1704-1780) was an American planter and military officer from Clarendon County, South Carolina who served as a Brigadier General in the American Revolutionary War.


Richardson was born in Jamestown, Virginia in the early 1700s. Both of Richardson's parents were from Northamptonshire, England. Richardson was a Delegate to The First Provincial Congress in 1775, and The Second Provincial Congress in 1776. Richardson served in the South Carolina Militia during the American Revolution and also in the Continental Army. He was the leader of the American forces in the Snow Campaign, and also fought in the Battle of Sullivan's Island, and the Battle of Savannah. In 1776, he commanded American forces and defeated the British in the Battle of Charleston. He commanded The South Carolina State Militia at Purrysburg in 1778. He was captured by the British when they took Charleston in 1780, was imprisoned by the British. With his health failing he was sent home and soon died.[1]

Richardson has previously served as a Colonel during the Anglo-Cherokee War of 1760 and 1761. [2]

Personal life

Richardson married first to Mary Cantey, and then to Dorothy Sinkler, and had five children. Richard's son, James Burchill Richardson was the 41st Governor of South Carolina, and his grandson John Peter Richardson II (1801–1864) was the 59th Governor of South Carolina. His grandson John Lawrence Manning[3] was the 65th Governor of South Carolina (1852-1854) as well as a signer of the Ordinance of Secession. His great-great grandson Richard Irvine Manning III served as a state legislator and as the 92nd governor of South Carolina from 1915 to 1919.

Richardson is a cousin of poet Robert Browning. Richardson's great-great grandmother was Mary Browning (sister of the poet's ancestor).[citation needed]

Death and burial

Richardson died in 1780 and was buried at the Richardson Cemetery in Rimini, Clarendon County, South Carolina.


External links

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