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The Earl of Clanwilliam
The Earl of Clanwilliam
Born (1832-10-03)3 October 1832
Died 4 August 1907(1907-08-04) (aged 74)
Place of death Henley-on-Thames
Buried at Wilton, Wiltshire
Allegiance  United Kingdom
Service/branch  Royal Navy
Years of service 1845-1902
Rank Admiral of the Fleet
Battles/wars Crimean War
Second Opium War

Admiral of the Fleet Richard James Meade, 4th Earl of Clanwilliam, GCB, KCMG (3 October 1832 – 4 August 1907), styled Lord Gillford until 1879, was a British Royal Navy officer and peer.

Background

Lord Gillford was the eldest son of Richard Meade, 3rd Earl of Clanwilliam and his wife, Elizabeth.[1]

Naval career

After finishing Eton, he joined the navy in 1845 and was promoted to Lieutenant in 1852.[1] Later that year, he was appointed to HMS Impérieuse, on which he served in the Gulf of Finland during the Crimean War.[1]

In 1856, Gillford was appointed to HMS Raleigh bound for China for the Second Opium War and when the ship was wrecked near Hong Kong, he joined Henry Keppel during the campaign at Foshan in 1857.[1] He was afterwards appointed to HMS Calcutta and took part in the storming of Guangzhou where he was severely wounded in the left arm by a bullet fired from a gingal.[1] He was then mentioned in dispatches and was appointed to HMS Hornet on his promotion as Commander in 1858.[1]

Gillford was further promoted to Captain in 1859 and from 1862-66 he commanded HMS Tribune in the Pacific and HMS Hercules with the Channel Fleet from 1868-71.[1] In 1872, he became an aide-de-camp to Queen Victoria and the command of the steamship reserve at Portsmouth.[1] He joined the Board of Admiralty as Junior Naval Lord on the formation of Disraeli's ministry in 1874, where he sat until Gladstone was elected again in 1880. He was appointed a CB in 1877 and made Second Naval Lord in 1879.

He succeeded to his father's titles in 1879 and promoted to Vice-Admiral in 1881.[1] He was appointed KCMG in 1882 and Commander-in-Chief of the North America and West Indies Station in 1885 and promoted to Admiral in 1886.[1] Following his appointment as a KCB in 1887, he became a commissioner of the Royal Patriotic Fund Corporation in 1888, was Commander-in-Chief, Portsmouth from 1891 and promoted to Admiral of the Fleet in 1895, being further promoted to GCB later that year.[1] Lord Clanwilliam retired in 1902.

Family

On 17 June 1867, Clanwilliam had married Elizabeth Kennedy (the eldest daughter of Sir Arthur Kennedy)[1] and they later had eight children:

  • Lady Katharine Meade (d. 1954)
  • Lady Beatrice Meade (d. 1952)
  • Lady Adelaide Jane Meade (d. 1960), married Hon. Stanley Colville.
  • Lady Elizabeth Selina Georgiana Meade (d. 1924), married Hon. Edward Dawson.
  • Richard Charles Meade, Lord Gillford (1868–1905)
  • Arthur Meade, 5th Earl of Clanwilliam (1873–1953)
  • Hon. Herbert Meade-Fetherstonhaugh (1875–1964)
  • Hon. Edward Brabazon Meade (1878–1963)

Lord Clanwilliam died from pneumonia in 1907 in Henley-on-Thames. He was buried at the family vault at Wilton, Wiltshire and his titles passed to his eldest surviving son, Arthur.

References

External links

Military offices
Preceded by
Sir Beauchamp Seymour
Junior Naval Lord
1874–1879
Succeeded by
Sir John Commerell
Preceded by
Sir Arthur Hood
Second Naval Lord
1879–1880
Succeeded by
Lord John Hay
Preceded by
Sir John Commerell
Commander-in-Chief, North America and West Indies Station
1885–1886
Succeeded by
Sir Algernon Lyons
Preceded by
Sir John Commerell
Commander-in-Chief, Portsmouth
1891–1894
Succeeded by
Sir Nowell Salmon
Peerage of Ireland
Preceded by
Richard Meade
Earl of Clanwilliam
1879–1909
Succeeded by
Arthur Meade

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