physician and explorer
17 December 1867|
Posen, Kingdom of Prussia (now Poznań, Poland)
29 April 1918 (aged 50)|
Richard Kandt (17 December 1867, in Posen – 29 April 1918, in Nuremberg; original name Kantorowicz) was a German physician and explorer of Africa.
Richard Kandt started as a psychiatrist in Bayreuth and Munich. Between 1897 and 1904 he explored the North-West of German East Africa and in 1907 was appointed as Resident of Rwanda, where he founded Kigali. Nearly a century after his death, Kandt still is a well-respected person in Rwanda. His former house in Kigali is now a natural history museum.
In July 1897 he started from Bagamoyo and in July 1898 Richard Kandt discovered one of the Nile-sources in the Nyungwe Forest of Rwanda, the essential Nile-source in his opinion. Kandt tells about this in his book Caput Nili, a deliberately more fancy than erudite work. In 1898, he discovered the source of the Kagera River. Between 1899 and 1901 he explored the Lake Kivu.
Since about 1900 he was a close friend with the writer Richard Voss.
On 2 July 1917 Kandt suffered a gas poisoning in World War I on the eastern front. Little later he caught a miliary tuberculosis in Poland. He died 29 April 1918 in a military hospital in Nuremberg.
- Caput Nili – eine empfindsame Reise zu den Quellen des Nils. Dietrich Reimer Verlag Berlin, 1904, 6.ergänzte Auflage 1921
- Seele klingt. Dietrich Reimer Verlag, Berlin 1918. Poems, edited posthumously by Franz Stuhlmann.
- Kandt, Richard: Caput Nili; eine empfindsame Reise zu den Quellen des Nils. Berlin, 1904
- Kandt, Richard: Caput Nili; eine empfindsame Reise zu den Quellen des Nils. Band I. Berlin, 1914
- Kandt, Richard: Caput Nili; eine empfindsame Reise zu den Quellen des Nils. Band II. Berlin, 1914
- Newspaper clippings about R in the 20th Century Press Archives of the German National Library of Economics
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 28 August 2008. https://web.archive.org/web/20080828163943/http://www.museum.gov.rw/2_museums/kigali/kandt_house/pages_html/intro/page_intro.htm. Retrieved 2008-08-28.
- Deutsches Kolonialblatt, Nr. 9/10, Berlin, 15. Mai 1918
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