Richard Semler Barthelmess (May 9, 1895 – August 17, 1963) was an American film actor, principally of the Hollywood silent era. He starred opposite Lillian Gish in D. W. Griffith's Broken Blossoms (1919) and Way Down East (1920) and was among the founders of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences in 1927. The following year, he was nominated for the for Best Actor for two films: The Patent Leather Kid and The Noose.
Barthelmess was born in New York City, the son of Caroline W. Harris, a stage actress, and Alfred W. Barthelmess. His father died when he was a year old. Through his mother, he grew up in the theatre, doing "walk-ons" from an early age. In contrast to that, he was educated at Hudson River Military Academy at Nyack, New York and Trinity College at Hartford, Connecticut. He did some acting in college and other amateur productions. By 1919 he had five years in stock company experience.
Russian actress Alla Nazimova, a friend of the family, was taught English by Caroline Barthelmess. Nazimova convinced Richard Barthelmess to try acting professionally, and he made his debut screen appearance in 1916 in the serial Gloria's Romance as an uncredited extra. He also appeared as a supporting player in several films starring Marguerite Clark.
His next role, in War Brides opposite Nazimova, attracted the attention of director D.W. Griffith, who offered him several important roles, finally casting him opposite Lillian Gish in Broken Blossoms (1919) and Way Down East (1920). He founded his own production company, Inspiration Film Company, together with Charles Duell and Henry King. One of their films, Tol'able David (1921), in which Barthelmess starred as a teenage mailman who finds courage, was a major success. In 1922, Photoplay described him as the "idol of every girl in America."
Barthelmess had a large female following during the 1920s. An admirer wrote to the editor of Picture-Play Magazine in 1921:
Different fans have different opinions, and although Wallace Reid, Thomas Meighan, and Niles Welch are mighty fine chaps, I think that Richard Barthelmess beats them all. Dick is getting more and more popular every day, and why? Because his wonderful black hair and soulful eyes are enough to make any young girl adore him. The first play I saw Dick in was Boots—Dorothy Gish playing the lead. This play impressed me so that I went to see every play in which he appeared—Three Men and a Girl, Scarlet Days, The Love Flower, and Broken Blossoms, in which I decided that Dick was my favorite. I am looking forward to Way Down East as being a great success, because I know Dick will play a good part.
Barthelmess soon became one of Hollywood's higher paid performers, starring in such classics as The Patent Leather Kid in 1927 and The Noose in 1928; he was nominated for Best Actor at the first Academy Awards for his performance in both films. In addition, he won a special citation for producing The Patent Leather Kid. With the advent of the sound era, Barthelmess remained a star for a number of years. He played numerous leads in talkie films, most notably Son of the Gods (1930), The Dawn Patrol (1930), The Last Flight (1931), The Cabin in the Cotton (1932) and Heroes for Sale (1933). He was able to choose his own material and often played in controversial or socially conscious films. However, his popularity began to wane in the 1930s as he was getting too old for the boyish leads he usually played, and in his later films between 1939 and his retirement in 1942, he turned towards character roles – most notably in his supporting role as the disgraced pilot and husband of Rita Hayworth's character in Only Angels Have Wings (1939).
Barthelmess failed to maintain the stardom of his silent film days and gradually left entertainment. He enlisted in the United States Navy Reserve during World War II, and served as a lieutenant commander. He never returned to film, preferring instead to live off his real estate investments.
Marriages and family
In August 1927, Barthelmess became engaged to Katherine Young Wilson, a Broadway actress. However, the engagement was called off due to Wilson's stated desire to continue acting, or possibly his affair around this time with the journalist Adela Rogers St. Johns.
On April 21, 1928, Barthelmess married Jessica Stewart Sargent. He later adopted her son, Stewart, from a previous marriage. They remained married until Barthelmess' death in 1963.
- Barthelmess was a founder of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences.
- In 1960, Barthelmess received a motion picture star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 6755 Hollywood Boulevard for his contributions to the film industry.
- Barthelmess was among the second group of recipients of the George Eastman Award in 1957, given by the George Eastman House for distinguished contribution to the art of film.
- Composer Katherine Allan Lively dedicated her piano composition Within the Walls of China: A Chinese Episode to Barthelmess in the sheet music published in 1923 by G. Schirmer, Inc. An article in The Music Trades reported that Mrs. Lively was inspired by a viewing of the film Broken Blossoms, and performed the piece for Barthelmess and his friends in New York in the summer of 1922.
- Gloria's Romance (1916) (uncredited)
- War Brides (1916) as Arno
- Snow White (1916) as Pie Man (uncredited)
- Just a Song at Twilight (1916) as George Turner
- The Moral Code (1917) as Gary Miller
- The Eternal Sin (1917) as Gennaro
- The Valentine Girl (1917) as Robert Wentworth
- The Soul of a Magdalen (1917) as Louis Broulette
- The Streets of Illusion (1917) as Donald Morton
- Camille (1917)
- Bab's Diary (1917) as Tommy Gray
- Bab's Burglar (1917) as Tommy Gray
- Nearly Married (1917) as Dick Griffon
- For Valour (1917) as Henry Nobbs
- The Seven Swans (1917) as Prince Charming
- Sunshine Nan (1918) as MacPherson Clark
- Rich Man, Poor Man (1918) as Bayard Varick
- Hit-The-Trail Holliday (1918) as Bobby Jason
- Wild Primrose (1918) as Jack Wilton
- The Hope Chest (1918) as Tom Ballantyne
- Boots (1918) as Everett White
- The Girl Who Stayed at Home (1919) as Ralph Grey
- Three Men and a Girl (1919) as Christopher Kent
- Peppy Polly (1919) as Dr. James Merritt
- Broken Blossoms (1919) as Cheng Huan - The Yellow Man
- I'll Get Him Yet (1919) as Scoop McCready
- Scarlet Days (1919) as Don Maria Alvarez
- The Idol Dancer (1920) as Dan McGuire
- The Love Flower (1920) as Bruce Sanders
- Way Down East (1920) as David Bartlett
- Experience (1921) as Youth
- Tol'able David (1921) as David Kinemon
- The Seventh Day (1922) as John Alden Jr.
- Sonny (1922) as Sonny Crosby / Joe
- The Bond Boy (1922) as Peter Newbolt (father) / John Newbolt
- Fury (1923) as Boy Leyton
- The Bright Shawl (1923) as Charles Abbott
- The Fighting Blade (1923) as Karl Van Kerstenbroock
- Twenty-One (1923) as Julian McCullough
- The Enchanted Cottage (1924) as Oliver Bashforth
- Classmates (1924) as Duncan Irving Jr
- New Toys (1925) as Will Webb
- Soul-Fire (1925) as Eric Fane
- Shore Leave (1925) as D.X. (Bilge) Smith
- The Beautiful City (1925) as Tony Gillardi
- Just Suppose (1926) as Prince Rupert of Koronia
- Ranson's Folly (1926) as Lt. Ranson
- The Amateur Gentleman (1926) as Barnabas Barty
- The White Black Sheep (1926) as Robert Kincarin
- The Patent Leather Kid (1927) as Patent Leather Kid
- The Drop Kick (1927) as Jack Hamill
- The Noose (1928) as Nickie Elkins
- The Little Shepherd of Kingdom Come (1928) as Chad Buford
- Wheel of Chance (1928) as Nicolai Turkeltaub / Jacob Taline
- Out of the Ruins (1928) as Lt. Pierre Dumont
- Scarlet Seas (1928) as Steven Dunkin
- Weary River (1929) as Jerry Larrabee
- Drag (1929) as David Carroll
- Young Nowheres (1929) as Albert 'Binky' Whalen
- The Show of Shows (1929) as 'Meet My Sister' Presenter
- Son of the Gods (1930) as Sam Lee
- The Dawn Patrol (1930) as Dick Courtney
- The Lash (1930) as Francisco Delfino 'Pancho'
- The Finger Points (1931) as Breckenridge 'Breck' Lee
- The Last Flight (1931) as Cary Lockwood
- Alias the Doctor (1932) as Karl Brenner
- The Cabin in the Cotton (1932) as Marvin Blake
- Central Airport (1933) as James 'Jim' Blaine
- Heroes for Sale (1933) as Tom Holmes
- Massacre (1934) as Chief Joe Thunderhorse
- A Modern Hero (1934) as Pierre Radier aka Paul Rader
- Midnight Alibi (1934) as Lance McGowan / Robert Anders
- Four Hours to Kill! (1935) as Tony Mako
- Spy of Napoleon (1936) as Gerard de Lanoy
- Only Angels Have Wings (1939) as Bat MacPherson
- The Man Who Talked Too Much (1940) as J.B. Roscoe
- The Spoilers (1942) as Bronco Kid Farrow
- The Mayor of 44th Street (1942) as Ed Kirby (final film role)
- Short subjects
- Camille (1926) as Gaston (home movie by cariacaturist Ralph Barton)
- The Stolen Jools (1931) as Himself
- How I Play Golf, by Bobby Jones No. 1: The Putter (1931) as Himself (uncredited)
- Starlit Days at the Lido (1935) as Himself (uncredited)
- Meet the Stars #5: Hollywood Meets the Navy (1941) as Himself (uncredited)
- Thise, Mark (2008-01-01) (in en). Hollywood Winners & Losers A to Z. Hal Leonard Corporation. ISBN 978-0-87910-351-4. https://books.google.com/books?id=hynlEn8PcUgC&q=Richard+Barthelmess.
- Donnelley, Paul (2003) (in en). Fade to Black: A Book of Movie Obituaries. Music Sales Group. pp. 70–71. ISBN 9780711995123. https://books.google.com/books?id=qAhtNiAl3YsC&q=%22Richard+Semler+Barthelmess%22&pg=PA70. Retrieved 11 February 2017.
- IBDb profile of Caroline Harris; Deaths Last Night, Ironwood Daily Globe (Ironwood, Michigan) April 24, 1937, p. 11, c. 2.
- Census Place: Manhattan, New York, New York; Roll: 1103; Page: 4A; Enumeration District: 0470; FHL microfilm: 1241103
- "Tea With Mrs. Barthelmess – An Intimate Chat With the Mother of Dick", The Home Movie Journal, June 1926
- Pawlak, Debra Ann (2012) (in en). Bringing Up Oscar: The Story of the Men and Women Who Founded the Academy. Pegasus Books. ISBN 9781605982168. https://books.google.com/books?id=cBtbBAAAQBAJ&q=%22Richard+Semler+Barthelmess%22&pg=PT47. Retrieved 11 February 2017.
- The Motion Picture Studio Directory, 1919; Page: 48. The 1900 US Census reported his mother ran a boardinghouse as housekeeper with a maid and butler. National Archives and Records Administration (NARA); Washington D.C.; Passport Applications, January 2, 1906 - March 31, 1925; Collection Number: ARC Identifier 583830 / MLR Number A1 534; NARA Series: M1490; Roll #: 1009.
- A Pictorial History of the Silent Screen by Daniel Blum, ca. 1953, p. 111.
- "The Shadow Stage". New York: Photoplay Publishing Company. February 1922. https://archive.org/stream/phojun22chic#page/n197/mode/2up.
- G. C. (1921). "What the Fans Think" Picture-Play Magazine
- Berumen, Frank Javier Garcia (2019-11-20) (in en). American Indian Image Makers of Hollywood. McFarland. ISBN 978-1-4766-7813-9. https://books.google.com/books?id=pkK9DwAAQBAJ&q=richard+barthelmess+warner+bros+1935&pg=PT83.
- Menefee, David W. (2007-10-20) (in en). The First Male Stars: Men of the Silent Era. BearManor Media. https://books.google.com/books?id=9QJWDwAAQBAJ&q=richard+barthelmess+retirement&pg=PA1888.
- Pawlak, Debra Ann (2012-01-12) (in en). Bringing Up Oscar: The Story of the Men and Women Who Founded the Academy. Pegasus Books. ISBN 978-1-60598-216-8. https://books.google.com/books?id=cBtbBAAAQBAJ&q=richard+barthelmess+mary+hay+divorce&pg=PT118.
- Katherine Wilson's profile at IBDb
- Barthelmess and Wilson's wedding announcement in The Reading Eagle, August 24, 1927 (accessed 5 December 2011)
- Pawlak, Debra Ann (2012-01-12) (in en). Bringing Up Oscar: The Story of the Men and Women Who Founded the Academy. Pegasus Books. ISBN 978-1-60598-216-8. https://books.google.com/books?id=cBtbBAAAQBAJ&q=richard+barthelmess+katherine+young+wilson&pg=PT172.
- Scott Eyman, The Speed of Sound,1999, p. 305.
- Wilson, Scott (2016-08-22) (in en). Resting Places: The Burial Sites of More Than 14,000 Famous Persons, 3d ed.. McFarland. ISBN 978-0-7864-7992-4. https://books.google.com/books?id=7-DgDAAAQBAJ&q=richard+barthelmess&pg=PA320.
- "History of the Academy: Original 36 founders of the Academy Actors". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences website. 2008. http://www.hollywoodgoldenguy.com/About_The_Academy.html.
- Hollywood Walk of Fame. Retrieved January 19, 2017
- "George Eastman Award" (archive). eastmanhouse.org. George Eastman House. Retrieved November 14, 2017.
- "Published sheet music on-line at Maine Music Box.". http://mainemusicbox.library.umaine.edu/musicbox/pages/full_record.asp?id=KAS_001019&dispimg=0.
- (1922) The Music Trades, 64 (21 October), 40.
- Hammond, Michael. War Relic and Forgotten Man: Richard Barthelmess as Celluloid Veteran in Hollywood 1922–1933, Journal of War & Culture Studies, 6:4, 2013, p. 282-301. http://www.maneyonline.com/doi/abs/10.1179/1752628013Y.0000000005
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Category:Richard Barthelmess.|
- Richard Barthelmess at the Internet Movie Database
- Richard Barthelmess at AllMovie
- Richard Barthelmess at the Internet Broadway Database
- Photographs of Richard Barthelmess
- Richard Barthelmess at Find a Grave
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