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Resistance medal
Mediaille-resistance-IMG 0950.jpg
The Resistance medal with officer's rosette
Awarded by  France
Type Medal with two degrees:
Médaille de la Résistance
Officier de la Résistance
Awarded for "remarkable acts of faith and of courage that, in France, in the empire and abroad, have contributed to the resistance of the French people against the enemy and against its accomplices since June 18, 1940"
Status Discontinued 31 March 1947
Statistics
Established 9 February 1943
Posthumous
awards
24,463[1]
Distinct
recipients
62,000[1]
Precedence
Next (higher) Cross for Military Valour
Next (lower) Ordre des Palmes Académiques
Medaille de la Resistance avec rosette ribbon.svg

Medaille de la Resistance ribbon.svg
Ribbon bars of the Resistance medal

The French Resistance medal (French language: Médaille de la Résistance) was established by General Charles de Gaulle on 9 February 1943 "to recognise the remarkable acts of faith and of courage that, in France, in the empire and abroad, have contributed to the resistance of the French people against the enemy and against its accomplices since June 18, 1940".[1]

History

The Resistance medal was awarded to approximately 38,288 living persons and 24,463 posthumously, awarded both for membership of the Free French forces and for participation in the metropolitan clandestine Resistance during the German occupation of France in World War II. Higher deeds were rewarded with the Ordre de la Libération. The medal ceased to be awarded on 31 December 1947 in Indochina and globally on 31 March 1947. The medal was also awarded to 18 communities and territories, 21 military units, and to 15 other organizations including convents, high schools, and hospitals.[1]

Appearance

The medal, made of bronze, depicts the Cross of Lorraine and the date of General de Gaulle's Appeal of 18 June in Roman figures: XVIII.VI.MCMXL on the obverse of the medal. On the reverse are the words "PATRIA NON IMMEMOR" ("the Fatherland does not forget"). The medal is suspended from a red ribbon with black stripes.[2] The medal exists in two grades: simple medal, and medal with officier's rosette which was awarded to 4,253 people.

See also

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 "History: Médaille de la Résistance". Chancellerie de l'Ordre de la Libération. 28 october 2006. http://www.ordredelaliberation.fr/us_doc/medaille.html. Retrieved 2009-01-09. 
  2. "Officier's Médaille de la Résistance" (in French). Le Port des Décorations. 8 July 2004. http://medaille.decoration.free.fr/France/P_Medaille/M_Resistance.htm. Retrieved 2012-01-09. 

External links

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