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Reserve Fleet
Active c. 1700–1960
Country United Kingdom
Branch Naval Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg Royal Navy
Garrison/HQ Portsmouth

The Reserve Fleet was a Royal Navy formation of decommissioned vessels which could be brought to a state of readiness at time of war.

History

In the early years of the 18th century ships were "laid up in ordinary" at various British naval bases so establishing the Reserve Fleet as a repository for decommissioned ships: it was brought to readiness for World War I.[1] It continued to exist in the inter-war years but in 1930 the Admiralty reduced it in size on the basis that war was unlikely in the ensuing 10 years.[2] At the start of World War II the Reserve Fleet, under the command of Vice Admiral Sir Max Horton,[3] was again brought to a state of readiness.[4] Some 15,000 men were called up in May 1939 to man the Reserve Fleet which became ready for service on 15 June 1939.[5] During the 1950s ships were regularly 'cocooned' for the Reserve Fleet[6] and it ceased to exist in 1960.[7]

Flag Officers Commanding

Flag Officers Commanding included:[8]


References

Sources