Military Wiki
Advertisement
National Youth Leader
Reichsjugendführer
Standarte Amtschef HJ.svg
Standard for the Reichsjugendführer
HJ-Reichsjugendführer.svg
Reichsjugendführer gorget patch
Nazi Party
Nazi Party
Status Abolished
Abbreviation RJF
Member of Hitler Youth
Appointer Führer of the NSDAP
Formation 1931
First holder Baldur von Schirach
Final holder Artur Axmann
Abolished 1945
Deputy Stabsführer

Reichsjugendführer ("National Youth Leader") was the highest paramilitary rank of the Hitler Youth.[1] In 1931, Hitler appointed Baldur von Schirach as the first Reich Youth Leader.[2] In 1933, all youth organizations were brought under Schirach's control.[3][4] Artur Axmann succeeded Schirach as national leader of the Hitler Youth on 8 August 1940.[5]

List

Reichsjugendführer Took office Left office Time in office
1
Baldur von Schirach
Schirach, BaldurBaldur von Schirach
(1907–1974)
30 October 19311 May 19408 years, 184 days
2
Artur Axmann
Axmann, ArturArtur Axmann
(1913–1996)
8 August 19408 May 19455 years, 7 days

Post-war

With the surrender of Nazi Germany, the Hitler Youth was disbanded by Allied authorities as part of the denazification process. Both Schirach and Axmann were condemned as war criminals by the leading Allies powers after the end of the Second World War in Europe, in particular for the role the two played in corrupting the minds of children.[6] Schirach was sentenced to 20 years in prison.[7] Axmann only received a 39-month prison sentence in May 1949.[8] Later, in 1958, a West Berlin court fined Axman 35,000 marks (approximately £3,000, or $8,300 USD), about half the value of his property in Berlin. The court found him guilty of indoctrinating German youth with National Socialism until the end of the war.[8]

References

Notes

  1. McNab 2009, p. 15.
  2. Zentner & Bedürftig 1991, pp. 431, 835.
  3. Zentner & Bedürftig 1991, p. 431.
  4. Kater 2004, pp. 48–59.
  5. Hamilton 1984, pp. 247, 334.
  6. Hamilton 1984, pp. 247, 335.
  7. Rempel 1989, pp. 250–251.
  8. 8.0 8.1 Hamilton 1984, p. 248.

Bibliography


This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia (view authors).
Advertisement