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Red Sea Station
Naval Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg
Active 1846-1959
Country United Kingdom
Allegiance British Empire
Branch Royal Navy
Type Naval station
Part of
Garrison/HQ Aden then Port Tawfiq
Commanders
Notable
commanders
Rear-Admiral Ronald H. C. Hallifax

The Red Sea Station [1] was one of the geographical divisions into which the Royal Navy divided its worldwide responsibilities. At various times it has also been referred to as Red Sea Division,[1] Egypt Division and Red Sea and later the Red Sea and Canal Area it operated from 1846 until 1959 when it was unified with the Persian Gulf Station to create the Arabian Seas and Persian Gulf Station.

History[]

The Royal Navy established a Red Sea Naval Station as early as 1846 then administered by the Royal Indian Navy[2][3] that was a sub-command of the East Indies Station until 1883 when it became part of the Mediterranean Station. In 1914 the station then became a sub-command of the Commander-in-Chief, Mediterranean Fleet until 1918. Following world war one it was reabsorbed back within the East Indies Command until 20 October 1941. On 21 October 1941 a change in naval command happened when Mediterranean Command was extended to include the Red Sea and Aden which was previously under the control of the Commander-in-Chief, East Indies Station. The Eastern extent of this change was extended to include the Gulf Aden. The Red Sea Division of the Red Sea Station was located between the Gulf of Aden and Suez however it excluded the Port of Suez.[1] Rear-Admiral Ronald Hallifax took command as Flag Officer, Red Sea (FORS).[1] On 14 November 1941 the Senior Naval Officer-in-Charge, Suez who was based at Port Tawfik was placed under the command of (FORS) whilst the Senior British Naval Officer, Suez Canal Area who was based at Ismailia remained responsible dealing with all British naval policy questions in regards to the Suez Canal Company.[1] In January 1944 the station was placed back under the control of the East Indies Command until 1958 when that station was abolished and it was unified in 1959 with the Persian Gulf Division to create the Arabian Seas and Persian Gulf Station as part of the joint services Middle East Command in Aden.

Commodore Commanding, Red Sea Division[]

Incomplete list of post holders included:

Rank Flag Name Term Notes/Ref
Commodore Commanding, Red Sea Division
1 Commodore UK-Navy-OF6-Flag.svg Robert H. More-Molyneux 1884 - 1885 [4] later Admiral

Rear-Admiral, Egypt and Red Sea[]

Post holders included:

Note:Command is also known as Egypt Division and Red Sea.
Rank Flag Name Term Notes/Ref
Rear-Admiral, Egypt and Red Sea
1 Rear Admiral Flag of Rear-Admiral - Royal Navy.svg Thomas Jackson 6 July 1917 – 28 December 1918 [5]
2 Rear Admiral Flag of Rear-Admiral - Royal Navy.svg Henry B. Pelly 24 December 1918 – March, 1920 [6]

Senior Naval Officer, Red Sea Patrol[]

Incomplete list of post holders included:

Rank Flag Name Term Notes/Ref
Senior Naval Officer, Red Sea Patrol [7]
1 Captain Generic-Navy-O7.svg William H. D. Boyle March 1916 – December 1918 [8]

Senior Naval Officer, Red Sea Force[]

Rank Flag Name Term Notes/Ref
Senior Naval Officer, Red Sea Force
1 Rear-Admiral Flag of Rear-Admiral - Royal Navy.svg A. J. L. Murray 24 May 1939 - 1 April 1941 [9]
2 Rear-Admiral Flag of Rear-Admiral - Royal Navy.svg Ronald H. C. Hallifax 1 April 1941 – 21 October 1941 [10]

Senior Naval Officer, Red Sea[]

Incomplete list of post holders included:

Rank Insig Name Term Notes/Ref
Senior Naval Officer, Red Sea
1 Captain Generic-Navy-O7.svg John Campbell Annesley 2 June 1939 to 19 January 1940 [11]
2 Captain Generic-Navy-O7.svg H. E. Horan 19 January 1940 to 29 June 1940 [12]

Flag Officer, Red Sea[]

Rank Flag Name Term
Flag Officer Commanding, Red Sea
1 Rear-Admiral Flag of Rear-Admiral - Royal Navy.svg Ronald H. C. Hallifax 21 October 1941 to 17 May 1942 [13]

Senior Naval Officer in Charge, Suez[]

Included:

Rank Flag Name Term Notes/Ref
Senior Naval Officer in Charge, Suez
1 Commodore UK-Navy-OF6-Flag.svg Charles A. A. Larcom 14 November 1941 – 13 May 1942

Flag Officer, Commanding Red Sea and Canal Area[]

Rank Flag Name Term
Flag Officer, Commanding Red Sea and Canal Area
1 Rear-Admiral Flag of Rear-Admiral - Royal Navy.svg Ronald H. C. Hallifax 18 May 1942 – 6 November 1943 [13] (died in office)
2 Rear-Admiral Flag of Rear-Admiral - Royal Navy.svg John Waller 6 November – 28 December 1943 [13]
3 Commodore UK-Navy-OF6-Flag.svg Douglas Young-Jamieson 28 December 1943 – 31 October 1944 [14]

HMS Euphrates at Basra seemingly reported to Flag Officer, Red Sea and Canal Area, from its establishment in 1942.

References[]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 Brown, David (2013) (in en). The Royal Navy and the Mediterranean: Vol.II: November 1940-December 1941. Cambridge, England: Routledge. p. 27. ISBN 9781136341274. https://books.google.lk/books?id=DK8kW8CLQ8QC&pg=PT327&dq=Senior+Naval+Officer+on+the+Red+Sea+Station,+Royal+Navy&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiqufPpqN3dAhUGSo8KHUMQBeIQ6AEIJzAA#v=onepage&q=Senior%20Naval%20Officer%20on%20the%20Red%20Sea%20Station%2C%20Royal%20Navy&f=false. 
  2. (in en) Allen's Indian Mail and Register of Intelligence, for British and Foreign and India and China and all parts of the East. London, England: W. H. Allen and Company. 1846. p. 602. https://books.google.lk/books?id=87UOAAAAQAAJ&pg=PA602&lpg=PA602&dq=commodore+and+senior+naval+officer,+Red+Sea+and+Aden&source=bl&ots=t5FjKeUIe3&sig=G8VqIOn3J1qzLTRdt-y8eX5cxEY&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwj_hY-x4NrdAhUBXSsKHZjxA_UQ6AEwD3oECAIQAQ#v=onepage&q=commodore%20and%20senior%20naval%20officer%2C%20Red%20Sea%20and%20Aden&f=false. 
  3. Low, Charles Rathbone (1877) (in en). History of the Indian Navy: (1613-1863). London, England: R. Bentley and Son. p. 192. https://books.google.lk/books?id=Mvk_AAAAYAAJ&pg=PA192&dq=commodore+and+senior+naval+officer,+Red+Sea+and+Aden&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjQyL3Jtt3dAhWIrY8KHTfsDFwQ6AEIJzAA#v=onepage&q=commodore%20and%20senior%20naval%20officer%2C%20Red%20Sea%20and%20Aden&f=false. 
  4. Jr, Harold E. Raugh (2008) (in en). British Military Operations in Egypt and the Sudan: A Selected Bibliography. Lanham, Maryland, USA: Scarecrow Press. p. 77. ISBN 9781461657002. https://books.google.lk/books?id=YcK4AQAAQBAJ&pg=PA77&lpg=PA77&dq=Egypt+Division+and+Red+Sea,+Royal+Navy&source=bl&ots=b5ORTOudGf&sig=-TpwP_kyw-dA26jbIYhtL4R2cLU&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwi9jaikv93dAhXLp48KHUGCB80Q6AEwCnoECAAQAQ#v=onepage&q=Egypt%20Division%20and%20Red%20Sea%2C%20Royal%20Navy&f=false. 
  5. Watson, Graham E. (5 February 2001). "RN Flag Officers, 1914-1918 based on various Navy Lists". http://www.gwpda.org/naval/rnfo1418.htm. Retrieved 28 September 2018. 
  6. Harley, Simon; Lovell, Tony (27 August 2018). "Egypt - The Dreadnought Project" (in en). Harley and Lovell. http://www.dreadnoughtproject.org/tfs/index.php/Egypt. Retrieved 28 September 2018. 
  7. Archives, The National. "To Senior Naval Officer, Red Sea Patrol. Requesting on behalf of Sherif Faisal passage". London, England: The National Archives, JOYCE/1/112. http://discovery.nationalarchives.gov.uk/details/r/a092c623-fc2d-4126-90c9-e18bcf3376c6. Retrieved 28 September 2018. 
  8. Stewart, William (2009). Admirals of the world : a biographical dictionary, 1500 to the present. Jefferson, North Carolina, USA: Macfarland. p. 38. ISBN 9780786482887. https://books.google.lk/books?id=S1VimlFIjQoC&pg=PA38&dq=Captain+William+Boyle,+Senior+Naval+Officer,+Red+Sea+Patrol&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjcgO3cp93dAhUHuY8KHTjiAG8Q6AEIMzAC#v=onepage&q=Captain%20William%20Boyle%2C%20Senior%20Naval%20Officer%2C%20Red%20Sea%20Patrol&f=false. 
  9. Kindell, Don (14 March 2012). "Admiralty War Diaries: Loss of HMS Khartoum, June 1940". Gordon Smith. https://www.naval-history.net/xDKWDa-KhartoumLoss.htm. Retrieved 28 September 2018. 
  10. Kindell, Don (14 March 2012). "Admiralty War Diaries: Loss of HMS Khartoum, June 1940". Gordon Smith. https://www.naval-history.net/xDKWDa-KhartoumLoss.htm. Retrieved 28 September 2018. 
  11. Houterman, J.N.. "Royal Navy (RN) Officers 1939-1945  -  A". Houterman and Koppes. http://www.unithistories.com/officers/RN_officersA5.html. Retrieved 28 September 2018. 
  12. Kindell, Don (14 March 2012). "Admiralty War Diaries: Loss of HMS Khartoum, June 1940". Gordon Smith. https://www.naval-history.net/xDKWDa-KhartoumLoss.htm. Retrieved 28 September 2018. 
  13. 13.0 13.1 13.2 The Navy List. London, England: H. M. Stationery Office. December 1942. p. 1340. 
  14. The Navy List. London, England: H. M. Stationery Office. November 1944. p. 2264. 

Sources[]

  • Allen's Indian Mail and Register of Intelligence, for British and Foreign and India and China and all parts of the East. London, England: W. H. Allen and Company. 1846.
  • Brown, David (2013). The Royal Navy and the Mediterranean: Vol.II: November 1940-December 1941. Cambridge, England: Routledge. ISBN 9781136341274.
  • Harley, Simon; Lovell, Tony (2018). "Egypt - The Dreadnought Project". www.dreadnoughtproject.org. Harley and Lovell.
  • Houterman, Jerome N..; Koppes, Jeroen (2004–2006). "Royal Navy, Mediterranean Fleet 1939-1945". www.unithistories.com. Houterman and Koppes, Netherlands.
  • Jr, Harold E. Raugh (2008). British Military Operations in Egypt and the Sudan: A Selected Bibliography. Lanham, Maryland, USA: Scarecrow Press. ISBN 9781461657002.
  • Kindell, Don (2012). "Admiralty War Diaries: Loss of HMS Khartoum, June 1940". www.naval-history.net. Gordon Smith.
  • Low, Charles Rathbone (1877). History of the Indian Navy: (1613-1863). London, England: R. Bentley and Son.
  • Watson, Dr Graham. (2015) "Royal Navy Organisation in World War 2, 1939-1945". naval-history.net. Gordon Smith.

External links[]

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