Military Wiki
Red Army invasion of Armenia
Part of Armenian-Azerbaijani War, Russian Civil War
Red Army in Yerevan, November 1920
LocationFirst Republic of Armenia
Result Overthrow of the Armenian government
Establishment of Azerbaijan SSR
 Russian SFSR
 Armenian Bolsheviks
 Azerbaijan SSR
Democratic Republic of Armenia First Republic of Armenia Turkey Turkish Provisional Government
Commanders and leaders
Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic Mikhail Tukhachevsky
Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic Mikhail Levandovsky
Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic Mikhail G. Yefremov
Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic
Democratic Republic of Armenia Simon Vratsian
Democratic Republic of Armenia Alexander Khatisian
Turkey Kâzım Karabekir

The Red Army invasion of Armenia, also known as the Russian-Armenian war or Sovietization or Soviet invasion of Armenia, was a military campaign carried out by the 11th Army of Soviet Russia from September to 29 Noyember 1920 to install a new Soviet government in the First Republic of Armenia, a former territory of the Russian and Ottoman Empires. The invasion coincided with the anti-government insurrection staged by the local Armenian Bolsheviks in the capital, Yerevan, and other cities and populated place over the country. The invasion led to the dissolution of the First Republic of Armenia and the establishment of the Armenian Soviet Socialist Republic.

See also

Further reading

  • Hovannisian, Richard G. The Republic of Armenia. 4 volumes. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1971-1996.
  • Hovannisian, Richard G. Armenia on the Road to Independence, 1918. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1967.
  • Kazemzadeh, Firuz. The Struggle for Transcaucasia, 1917-1921. New York, Oxford: Philosophical Library, 1951.
  • (Armenian) Khatisian, Alexander. Հայաստանի Հանրապետութեան Ծագումն ու Զարգացումը (The Birth and Development of the Armenian Republic). Athens: Nor Or Publishing, 1930.
  • (French) Ter Minassian, Anahide. La République d’Arménie: 1918-1920. Bruxelles: Editions Complexe, 1989.

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