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The Imperial Russian Army, short IRA (Russian: Ру́сская импера́торская а́рмия, РИА), used particular ranks and rank insignia, oriented to German speaking and Anglophone armed forces. However, the entire ranking system was closely connected to the Russian military historical traditions as well. The successor armed forces, the Red Army, abolished the historically crown ranks and the rank insignia in 1917. Military units engaged in the so-called White movement and in the champagnes of the Russian Civil War used these ranks until the year 1923.

Ranks and rank designation

General officers

Desigantion Commander in chief & higher commanders
Imperia-Rus.png 1904ic-p11.png Imperial Russian Army GenBranch 1917 v.png Imperial Russian Army LtGen 1917 v.png Imperial Russian Army MajGen 1917 v.png
Rank dersignation
shoulder strap
Coat of arms Kolchak 1919.jpg
Rank insignia General Field Marshal General of the branch Lieutenant general Major general
native desigantion (Генерал-фельдмаршал)
(General-feldmarschal)
(Генерал рода войск)
(General roda woisk)
(Генера́л-лейтена́нт)
(General-leitenant)
(Генера́л-майо́р)
(General-maior)
NATO rank OF-10 OF-8 OF-7 OR-6
Remark
The abbreviation "OF" stands for de: "Offizier / en: officer / fr: officier / ru: офицер".

Officers

Desigantion Herausgehobene Kommandeure, Einheitsführer & Offiziere
Imperial Russian Army Col 1917 v.png Imperial Russian Army LtCol 1917 v.png Imperial Russian Army Maj 1884 v.png Imperial Russian Army Capt 1917 v.png Imperial Russian Army StfCapt 1917 v.png Imperial Russian Army Por 1917 v.png Imperial Russian Army JunPor 1917 v.png Imperial Russian Army Prap 1917 v.png
Rank insignia
shoulder strap
Rank insignia Polkovnik Podpolkovnik Major Kapitan Stabskapitän Porutchik Podporuchik Praporshchik
Native desigantion Полковник Подполко́вник Майо́р Капитан Штабс-капитан Пору́чик Подпору́чик Пра́порщик
Cavalry Stabsrittmeister Kornet
Cossack army Podesault Sotnik Chorunschi
Rank group Stab-ofizer Ober-ofizer
NATO rank OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1

Non-commissioned officers & enlisted men

Desigantion Non-commissioned officers, Unterführer & enlisted men (1. Newski Infantery regiment)
Pekh 1 Nevsky.jpg Imperial Russian Army DepPrap 1917 v.png Imperial Russian Army SubPrap 1917 v.png 1911-ir001-p05-1.png 1911-ir001-04-1.png Imperial Russian Army Corp 1917.png 1911-ir001-p02-1.png Imperial Russian Army Private 1917.jpg
Rank insignia
shoulder strap
Rank insignia Zaurjad-praporshtchik
(1907-1917)
Podpraporshchik
(1855-1917)
Feldwebel Unterfeldwebel Unteroffizier Gefreiter Rjadowoi
native desigantion (Зауряд-прапорщик) (Подпрапощик) (Фельдфебель) (Старший унтер-офицер,
starschi unter-ofizer)
(Младший унтер-офицер,
mladschi unter-ofizer)
(Ефрейтор) (Рядовой)
Rank group Unter-ofizer Soldat
NATO rank OR-9 OR-8 OR-7 OR-6 OR-4 OR-2 OR-1

Other regiments

Examples pertaining to shoulder straps/ cadet corpus of the Imperial Army are illustrated below.

Ranks and rank insignia, Navy

The Imperial Russian Navy (Russian: Российский императорский флот), also regular Russian navy of the Russian Empire, has been established en of the 17th century, under regency of Tsar Peter I. und by personal leadership of Franz Lefort. It existed until the October Revolution in the year 1917.[1] In this connection, in European naval forces at that time common usual ranks and rank insignia have been treated.

Flag officers

Bezeichnung Commander in chief & higher flag officers
Naval Ensign of Russia.svg 1904mor-21.png RN F8Admiral 1917 cuff.jpg IRN Admiral 1917.png RN F8Admiral 1917 cuff.jpg IRN ViceAdmiral 1917.png RN F7ViceAdmiral 1917 cuff.jpg IRN F6RearAdmiral 1917.png RN F6RearAdmiral 1917 cuff.jpg
Rank insignia
shoulder strap & cuff title
Naval Jack of Russia.svg
Rank insignia Generaladmiral Admiral Vizeadmiral Konteradmiral
native desigantion (General-admiral) (Admiral) (Wize-admiral) (Kontr-admiral)
NATO rank OF-10 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6

Officers

Bezeichnung Commanders at sea (afloat units)/ units & officers
IRN CaptainNavy 1917.png IRN F4Commander 1917.png IRN F1SeniorLtNavy 1917.png IRN LtNavy 1917.png 70px IRN Michman 1884-1909.png
Rank insignia
shoulder strap
Rank insignia Kapitän zur See Fregattenkapitän Oberleutnant
zur See
Leutnant
zur See
Michman
native desigantion (Kapitan perwowo ranga) (Kapitan wtorowo ranga) (Starschi leitenant) (Leitenant) (1909-1917) (1884-1909)
Rank group Stab-ofizer Ober-ofizer
NATO rank OF-5 OF-4 OF-1

Non-commissioned officers & enlisted men

Bezeichnung Petty officers, NCOs & enlisted men
IRN Conductor-SenFieldSurg 1917v.png IRN Bootsmann 1917.png IRN BootsmannMaat 1917.png IRN Quartermaster 1917.png Imperial Russian Navy AbleMatros 1917.png IRN Matros 1917.png
Rank insignia
shoulder strap
Rank insignia Stabsbootsmann Gardemarin
Kondukteur
Oberfeldscher
Bootsmann Bootsmannsmaat Quartiermeister Obermatrose
(Matrosengefreiter)
Matrose
native desigantion (Starschi bozman) (Gardmarin, Konduktor
Starschi feldscher)
(Bozman) (Bozmanmat) (Kwartirmeister) (Matros perwoi stati) (Matros wtoroi stati)
NATO rank OR-8 OR-7 OR-6 OR-4 OR-2 OR-1

See also

Regerences

  1. Erich Donnert: Peter the Great (de: Peter der Große), Koehler & Amelang, Leipzig, page. 130

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