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Raid on Groton
Part of King William's War
DateJuly 27, 1694
LocationGroton, Massachusetts
Result New France and Abenaki victory
Massachusetts Bay Colony New France and Wabanaki Confederacy (Abenaki, Maliseet)
Commanders and leaders
Claude-Sébastien de Villieu; Louis-Pierre Thury
unknown 250 Abenaki Indians
Casualties and losses
killed 20 people and took 13 captive unknown

The Raid on Grodon happened during King William's War, on July 18, 1694, at Groton, Massachusetts.

Historical context

In 1693 the English at Boston had entered into peace and trade negotiations with the Abenaki tribes in eastern Massachusetts. The French at Quebec under Governor Frontenac wished to disrupt the negotiations and sent Claude-Sébastien de Villieu in the fall of 1693 into present-day Maine, with orders to "place himself at the head of the Acadian Indians and lead them against the English."[1] Villieu spent the winter at Fort Nashwaak. The Indian bands of the region were in general disagreement whether to attack the English or not, but after discussions by Villieu and the support of Father Louis-Pierre Thury and Father Vincent Bigot (at Pentagouet) they went on the offensive.


The English settlement of Oyster River was attacked by Villieu with about 250 Abenaki Indians, composed of two main groups from the Penobscot and Norridgewock under command of their sagamore Bomazeen (or Bomoseen). A number of Maliseet from Medoctec took part in the attack, but Fr. Simon-Gérard had dissuaded most of his followers from participating. Following the raid on Oyster River, "the savages of Pentagoet under Taxous and Madockawando, piqued at the little booty, and the few captives taken"[2] took 40 warriors and marched a roundabout route to Groton, Massachusetts, which they raided on the morning of July 27, 1694. There they killed some 20 people and took captive some 13 others.[3]


After the successful raid on Oyster River and Groton, Claude-Sébastien de Villieu joined Acadian Governor de Villebon as the commander of Fort Nashwaak, capital of Acadia.

See also



  1. Webster, John Clarence. Acadia at the End of the Seventeenth Century. Saint John, NB, The New Brunswick Museum, 1979. p. 57.
  2. Address of C. Alice Baker
  3. Groton During the Indian Wars

Primary texts

  • William L. Wolkovich - Valkavicius, “The Groton Indian Raid of 1694 and Lydia Longley” Historical Journal of Massachusetts Volume 30, No. 2 (Summer 2002).
  • Acadia at the end of the 17th Century, p. 56
  • A French account of the raid upon the New England frontier in 1694. Acadiensis. 1901
  • Rev. John Pike, Journal of the Rev. John Pike, of Dover, N.H., ed. Rev. A.H. Quint (Cambridge: Press of John Wilson and Son, 1876)
  • Jan K. Herman, "Massacre at Oyster River," New Hampshire Profiles, October 1976, 50.
  • Francis Parkman, Count Frontenac and New France under Louis XIV, vol. 2 of France and England in North America (1877; reprint, New York: The Library of America, 1983)
  • Jeremy Belknap, The History of New Hampshire, ed. John Farmer (Dover, N.H.: S.C. Stevens and Ela & Wadleigh, 1831)
  • Thomas Hutchinson, The History of the Colony and Province of Massachusetts Bay (originally published 1764-1828; reprint, Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1936), 2:55.
  • Cotton Mather, Decennium Luctuosum (Boston, 1699); reprinted in Magnalia Christi Americana (London, 1702), 86.
  • Everett S. Stackpole, History of New Hampshire (New York: The American Historical Society, 1926), 1:182.
  • Samuel Adams Drake, The Border Wars of New England Commonly called King William's and Queen Anne's Wars (Williamstown, Mass: Corner House, 1973), 96.
  • Jan K. Herman, "Massacre on the Northern New England Frontier, 1689-1694" (master's thesis, University of New Hampshire, 1966), 43.
  • Kenneth M. Morrison, The Embattled Northeast (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1984), 128.
  • John Clarence Webster, Acadia at the End of the Seventeenth Century. Saint John, NB, The New Brunswick Museum, 1979.
  • The address of C. Alice Baker - History and Proceedings of the Pocumtuck Valley Memorial Association, Volume 4, p. 401
  • Samuel Abbott Green, "Groton during the Indian Wars" See: "King Williams War"

External links

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