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The Buran cruise missile, designation RSS-40, was a Soviet intercontinental cruise missile capable of carrying a 3,500 kg nuclear warhead. The project was canceled before flight tests began.[1]


The project was authorized on 20 May 1954, parallel to the development of the Burya missile. The development however, began in April 1953 as a rocket-aircraft system by Myasishchev OKB with internal designation M-40.[2] The project was canceled in November 1957, when two prototypes were just ready for flight testing, in favor of the R-7 Semyorka since ICBMs were considered unstoppable.[citation needed] Like the Burya, the Buran consisted of two stages, the booster rockets designated M-41, and the cruise missile stage designated M-42.


General characteristics

  • Function: Nuclear cruise missile
  • Launch mass: 125000 kg
  • Total length: 24.0 m
  • Launch platform: Launch pad
  • Status: Canceled before first flight tests

Launch vehicle (M-41)

  • Engine: 4× RD-213
  • Thrust: 4× 55 t
  • Length: 19.1 m
  • Diameter: 1.20 m
  • Oxidizer: Liquid oxygen
  • Combustible: Kerosene

Cruise missile (M-42)

  • Engine: 1× RD-020 ramjet
  • Speed : Mach 3.1-3.2
  • Range: 8,500 km
  • Flight altitude: 18–20 km
  • Warhead: thermonuclear, 3500 kg
  • Length: 23.3 m
  • Diameter: 2.40 m
  • Wing span: 11.6 m
  • Wing area: 98 m²

Related content

Comparable missiles

SM-62 Snark - SM-64 Navaho - Burya


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