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RPG-6 (РПГ-6)
Type Anti-tank grenade[1]
Place of origin Soviet Union
Service history
In service October 1943 –
Used by Soviet Union and Warsaw pact countries
Wars World War II
Production history
Designer M. Z. Polevikov[1]
L. B. Ioffe[1]
N. S. Zhitkikh[1]
Designed 1943[1]
Specifications
Weight 1.13 kg[1]
Length 337 mm
Diameter 103 mm

Filling TNT shaped charge
Filling weight 0.6 kg[1]
Detonation
mechanism
Impact fuze[1]

The RPG-6 (Russian >Ruchnaya Protivotankovaya Granata, "Handheld Anti-Tank Grenade") was a Soviet-era anti-tank hand-grenade used during the late World War II and early Cold War period.

History

The RPG-6 was designed as a replacement for the RPG-43 after the Battle of Kursk.[1]

It underwent testing in September 1943, and was accepted into service in October 1943.[1] First RPG-6 grenades were used against Nazi troops in last week of October 1943.[2]

The weapon was a success and went into mass production in late 1943. During the war, RPG-6 grenades being used alongside the RPG-43.[1]

In USSR, some grenades were kept in storage even after the end of the World War II.[1]

Design

It operated on the "Munroe effect" principle, in which a metal-lined cone-shaped explosive charge would generate a focused jet of hot metal that could penetrate armor-plate.[1]

It was a conical casing enclosing a shaped charge and containing 562 grams of TNT, fitted with a percussion fuse and four cloth ribbons to provide stability in flight after throwing. It could penetrate approximately 100 millimeters of armour. The RPG-6 had a fragmentation radius of 20 metres from the point of detonation, and proved useful against infantry as well as tanks.

The RPG-43 had a large warhead, but was designed to detonate in contact with a tank's armour; it was later found that optimal performance was gained from a HEAT warhead if it exploded a short distance from the armour, roughly the same distance as the weapon's diameter. In the RPG-6 this was achieved by adding a hollow pointed nose section with the impact fuse in it, so that when the weapon detonated the warhead was at the optimum distance from the armour.

References

  1. 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.05 1.06 1.07 1.08 1.09 1.10 1.11 1.12 Семен Федосеев. Против танка // журнал "Оружие", № 2, 2000. стр.59-63
  2. Оружие Победы / колл. авт., отв. ред. В. Н. Новиков. 2-е изд., пер. и доп. М., "Машиностроение", 1987. стр.427


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