|RFA Sir Galahad (1966)|
|Career (United Kingdom)|
|Builder:||Alexander Stephen and Sons|
|Laid down:||February 1965|
|Launched:||19 April 1966|
|Commissioned:||17 December 1966|
Destroyed 8 June 1982, during Falklands War|
Hull sunk on 21 June as a target by submarine HMS Onyx
Declared war grave post-war
|Class & type:||Round Table class LSL|
2,215 t DWT
3,322 t standard|
5,765 t fully loaded
|Length:||412 ft (126 m)|
|Beam:||60 ft (18 m)|
|Draught:||13 ft (4.0 m)|
2 Mirrlees National ALSSDM10 diesels.|
Power: 9,400 bhp (7,010 kW)
|Speed:||17 knots (31 km/h)|
|Range:||9,200 nautical miles (17,040 km) at 15 knots (28 km/h)|
|Complement:||68 crew, up to 534 passengers|
|Armament:||Two 40 mm Bofors AA guns.|
|Aircraft carried:||Up to 20 Wessex helicopters (1973)|
RFA Sir Galahad (L3005) was a Round Table class landing ship logistics (LSL) vessel belonging to the Royal Fleet Auxiliary of the United Kingdom. She was first managed for the British Army by the British-India Steam Navigation Company, before being transferred in 1970 to the RFA.
Design and construction
The Sir Galahad was a 3,322-tonne LSL built by Stephens and launched in 1966. She could carry 340 troops or, when necessary, 534 for short periods. Cargo capacity could include 16 light tanks, 34 mixed vehicles, 122 tonnes of fuel and 31 tonnes of ammunition. Landing craft could be carried in place of lifeboats, but unloading was mainly handled by three onboard cranes.
In November and December 1970 Sir Galahad was involved in Operation Burlap giving humanitarian assistance to East Pakistan after a cyclone caused extensive damage and flooding.
Sir Galahad was active during the Falklands War, sailing from HMNB Devonport on 6 April with 350 Royal Marines and entering San Carlos Water on 21 May. On 24 May 1982 in San Carlos Water she was attacked by A-4 Skyhawks of the Argentine Air Force's IV Brigada Aérea and was hit by a 1000 pound bomb dropped by Lt. Luis Alberto "Tucu" Cervera's A-4, (which did not detonate) then strafed by Dagger fighter bombers. After removal of the unexploded bomb, she carried out supply runs to Teal Inlet along with RFA Sir Percivale.
On the 8 June 1982 while preparing to unload soldiers from the Welsh Guards in Port Pleasant, off Fitzroy, together with RFA Sir Tristram, the Sir Galahad was attacked by three A-4 Skyhawks from Argentine Air Force's V Brigada Aérea, each loaded with three 500 lb retarding tail bombs. At approximately 14:00 local time RFA Sir Galahad was hit by two or three bombs and set alight. A total of 48 soldiers and crewman were killed in the explosions and subsequent fire.
Her captain, Philip Roberts waited until the last minute to abandon ship and was the last to leave. He was subsequently awarded the DSO for his leadership and courage. Chiu Yiu-Nam, a seaman on RFA Sir Galahad, was awarded the George Medal for rescuing ten men trapped in a fire in the bowels of the ship.
BBC television cameras recorded images of Royal Navy helicopters hovering in thick smoke to winch survivors from the burning landing ships. These images were seen around the world.
Other units affected include 3 Troop (of 20 Field Squadron, 36 Engineer Regiment) which was temporarily attached to 9 Independent Parachute Squadron Royal Engineers and was being transported on the Galahad to provide engineering support following the landings. Engineers feature prominently in contemporary footage showing two lifeboats landing survivors. Also 16 Field Ambulance (RAMC) were on board and assisted with the treatment and evacuation of the many casualties.
During the attack on 8 June, the fires were out of control. The main part of the evacuation of the injured and wounded was carried out by the ships Royal Marine Detachment. The Royal Marines organised the launch of life rafts from the bow of the ship, whilst at the same time marshaling helicopters for personnel to be winched clear. Immediate first aid was given to those most seriously wounded and a triage system set up. The actions of these few Royal Marines undoubtedly saved lives on the day, though only one, SGT Dolivera, received a Mention in Dispatches. The Royal Marines were the last personnel to abandon ship.
The same Royal Marines had also returned to the RFA Sir Galahad to assist the Royal Navy EOD team in defusing the 1000 lb bomb which crashed through the side of the ship without exploding on 24 May 1982. All had returned on board as volunteers and assisted in physically carrying the unexploded bomb through to the rear Tank Deck ramp, where it was placed in an inflatable boat (filled with packets of cornflakes to act as padding!) and taken out into San Carlos water where the boat was punctured and sank.
During the 25th anniversary of the Falklands War some of the Royal Marines requested to attend the RFA Sir Galahad Association dinner, however this was refused as they had not been Commissioned Officers at the time of the attack.
After the Falklands War
Guardsman Simon Weston was among the survivors of the attack on Sir Galahad. He suffered 46% burns and his story has been widely reported in television and newspaper coverage. Ten years after Sir Galahad was sunk, Weston was awarded the OBE. Other survivors include the intelligence consultant Crispin Black.
- Board of Inquiry report into the sinking of the Sir Galahad
- Helicopter goes from Falklands hero to paintball prop
- Raymond Blackman, Ships of the Royal Navy (Macdonald and Jane's, London, 1973)
- SI 2008/0950 Designation under the Protection of Military Remains Act 1986
- Geoff Puddefoot, No Sea Too Rough (Chatham Publishing, London, 2007.)
- Moro, Rubén Oscar (1985). La guerra inaudita: historia del conflicto del Atlántico Sur. Pleamar, p. 462. ISBN 9505830432. (Spanish)
- "Task Force Falklands: Goose Green". National Army Museum. http://www.national-army-museum.ac.uk/exhibitions/falklands/page5.shtml.
- http://www.thisisannouncements.co.uk/5882332 Obituary for the crew of RFA Sir Galahad
- Faith Eckersall (25 September 2010). "Falklands hero's courage under fire". Bournmouth Echo. http://www.bournemouthecho.co.uk/news/8413813.Falklands_hero_s_courage_under_fire/. Retrieved 10 June 2013.
- "Obituaries:Chiu Yiu Nam". Daily Telegraph. 7 March 2012. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/obituaries/9129584/Chiu-Yiu-Nam.html. Retrieved 10 March 2012.
- "Falklands War Compilation, (Clip 6)". ITN Source. 1982. http://www.itnsource.com/compilations/crimeandconflict/war/?lr=S07020702#clipImage6.
- Nick van der Bijl, 5th Infantry Brigade in the Falklands 1982 (2003), p. 135
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