|The original southwest/northeast 4,200 ft (1,280 m) runway at RAF Metheringham photographed in 2006. Now in use as a minor access road across the fen.|
|IATA: none – ICAO: none|
|Operator||Royal Air Force|
|Location||Metheringham (sited in the parish of Martin), Lincolnshire|
|Elevation AMSL||200 ft / 61 m|
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|The stations ID during operations was MN. Decommissioned and closed in early 1946|
Operated as a bomber station during World War II The airfield was returned to agriculture when decommissioned. The site now contains a memorial and visitor centre.
RAF Metheringham was a Royal Air Force station situated between the villages of Metheringham and Martin and 12.1 mi (19.5 km) south east of the county town Lincoln, Lincolnshire, England.
Although now mostly returned to agricultural and commercial uses the site retains one original runway, the eastern perimeter track and some contemporary buildings together with a No. 106 Squadron RAF memorial garden and a visitor centre.
Construction and layout
The airfield was constructed during 1942 and 1943, when approximately 600 acres (2.4 km2) of farmland and woods were cleared to create the new airfield for No. 5 Group RAF, Bomber Command in Grantham. The station was planned as a Class A airfield standard layout and, although it was named Metheringham, was located largely in the adjoining parish of Martin. The runways were to the standard layout and specification with the main 02/20 runway at 2,000 yd (1,829 m) long and with the 13/31 and 07/25 runways at 1,400 yd (1,280 m).
One of the standard T2 hangars was placed on the technical site located alongside the B1189 road, near Linwood Grange and between runway heads 02 and 07. The second T2 hangar stood just off the east perimeter track between runway heads 25 and 31. A B1 type hangar lay north of runway head 13, near Barff Farm. The bomb dump was built around Blackthorn Holt and Fox Holt woodlands between runway heads 13 and 20.
The administration and accommodation sites were built in the south western corner of the airfield on both sides of the B1189 and consisted of an operations block, ration store, a single officers' mess, one communal other-ranks dining room, one WAAF mess, a gymnasium, four domestic accommodation blocks and a station sick quarters. Living accommodation was designed and scaled to house 1,685 males and 345 females. Many of the buildings were of the quickly erected Nissen (or Quonset) temporary hutting type.
Although the airfield building programme was far from complete, the station was soon home to No. 106 Squadron RAF. Despite having only a single week to settle in, the Squadron was still operational in time for the opening of the Battle of Berlin, and RAF Metheringham's aircrews went to war on 18 November 1943. No. 106 Squadron and No. 110 Squadron RAF were the initial residents at Metheringham both arriving during November 1943, although No. 110 Squadron remained at Metheringham only a few weeks before relocating to RAF Waddington and before they flew any operational missions. In 1945 when hostilities ceased No. 106 Squadron had lost 65 Lancaster bombers and 995 aircrew in operations flown from the airfield and other bases.
After VE-Day the Australian No. 467 Squadron RAAF arrived to train with 106 Sqn for planned Tiger Force operations against Japan in the Far East. The end of the war overtook this plan and 467 Sqn disbanded at the start of October 1945. No. 189 Squadron RAF briefly took its place, but this squadron was also soon stood down. No. 106 Squadron remained in service until February 1946 when it too was disbanded. RAF Metheringham was closed to flying and decommissioned shortly thereafter. The station was partially dismantled and the land returned to agricultural use in the early 1960s.
Fighter protection during missions
As fighter aircraft ranges improved with the addition of drop tanks it became possible to provide fighter cover to bomber formations even on longer missions. During night bombing raids over Germany No. 106 Squadron's aircraft were escorted by P51 Mustangs and long range Supermarine Spitfires flown by No. 1690 Bomber Defence Flight of No. 169 Squadron RAF. The flight detachment were based at and flew from nearby RAF Scampton and protected all bomber operations from No. 5 Group RAF's area.
During a raid on Schweinfurt flown from RAF Metheringham during the night of 26–27 April 1944 the flight engineer of a 106 Squadron Lancaster, Sergeant Norman Jackson, volunteered to climb out along the wing of the aircraft in mid-flight and extinguish an engine fire started after a German fighter attack. However, after extinguishing the fire he become badly burned and was blown off the wing. Despite parachuting to safety he landed heavily and was captured, spending the rest of the war in captivity. Sergeant Jackson was awarded the Victoria Cross for his selfless act of extreme bravery in attempting to save his crew.
Fog dispersal system
Metheringham was one of a small number of RAF stations equipped with an early experimental Fog Investigation and Dispersal Operation (FIDO) system. The station was provided with seven large fuel tanks, which pumped petrol into two large pipes running up either side one of their runways. Once the open flame burners along the length of the main runway were ignited the intense rising heat would lift and disperse the fog leaving a visually clear and illuminated runway.
Not all RAF stations were FIDO equipped and when dense fog affected the county it was not unknown for aircraft from several stations to be diverted to RAF Metheringham for a safe landing, returning to their home stations when the foggy weather cleared. Volunteer observers at the surrounding Royal Observer Corps posts were specially trained and provided with coloured rocket flares (Code named Granite) to guide any aircraft lost in thick fog towards the limited number of FIDO equipped stations.
Station timeline and resident units
|Date||Event or Unit||Notes|
|1942||Airfield and accommodation construction commences|
|October 1943||RAF Metheringham opened as part of No. 5 Group RAF
Station Identity Code: MN
|In 1944 No. 5 Group RAF introduced station control groupings for future operations with all squadrons from stations in the group linking up and flying as a single formation. RAF Metheringham was grouped into No. 5/4 Bases that included itself, RAF Woodhall Spa and RAF Coningsby with the latter acting as the controlling station. No. 5/4 Bases RAF remained under the command of Air Commodore A C H Sharpe until the end of hostilities.|
|11 November 1943||No. 106 Squadron RAF||Operating Avro Lancasters and relocated from RAF Syerston near Grantham. This squadron operated from Metheringham throughout the remainder of World War II and only disbanded on 18 February 1946. (The squadron would eventually reform as a Bomber Command strategic missile squadron in the 1960s.)|
|21 November 1943||No. 110 Squadron RAF||Operating Lancasters. The squadron arrived from RAF Wattisham but flew no operational missions from RAF Metheringham and relocated to RAF Waddington just a few weeks later, when space had been made for them there.|
|June 1945||No. 467 Squadron RAAF||Operating Lancasters. Arrived from RAF Waddington to train for planned Tiger Force operations against Japan. The plans were cancelled after Japan surrendered and the squadron was disbanded at Metheringham in October 1945|
|October 1945||No. 189 Squadron RAF||Operating Lancasters. The squadron had relocated from RAF Bardney where it had been involved in dropping food relief to the Dutch and repatriating POWs, a role it continued while at Metheringham. The squadron was disbanded on 20 November 1945.|
|February 1946||Flying ceased from RAF Metheringham||Lancaster bomber aircraft from the disbanded squadrons were flown to RAF Scampton and RAF Hemswell for mothballing, storage and disposal.|
|May 1946||RAF Metheringham decommissioned and closed|
Metheringham in the media
RAF Metheringham was utilised in the developmental testing of the experimental programme to assist aircraft landing in foggy conditions (the system eventually known by the acronym FIDO) and the station featured in the official RAF training film. Although the year of the film production is unknown, it references 21 December in relation to the system testing at Metheringham. The actual reference to RAF Metheringham in the film is brief but depicts the role that the station contributed.
Post war and Squadron Memorial
Although the airfield site would remain fairly intact into the 1950s, its hangars and most of the domestic buildings had been demolished by 1970. The airfield itself had been sold off for farming in 1961/62 with some hardstandings removed. Parts of runways 07/25 and 13/31 were pressed into service to reinstate two minor roads that had been subsumed into the airfield in 1942. Several technical site buildings still remain in use, converted to modern commercial purposes.
Some signs of this once active airfield still remain. On the original communal accommodation site south-south-west of the main airfield, near King's Covert and Westmoor Farm, many of the original buildings still stand. The former station's ration store has now been restored and houses the RAF Metheringham Visitor Centre, featuring an exhibition of photographs and memorabilia recalling life on an operational Second World War airfield. The visitor centre opens on Wednesday, Saturday and Sunday afternoons between the last week of March and the last week of October each year and also displays a small collection of post-war RAF jet aircraft in varying stages of restoration.
Close by are the remains of the concrete runways and perimeter tracks, and the memorial garden and plinth dedicated to No. 106 Squadron. A ghostly young lady is said to haunt the area close to the airfield.
Jet Provost XS186 has been based on site since 2004, and following an extensive restoration programme it is maintained in taxiable condition by the XS186 Crew.
- Halpenny, Bruce Barrymore Action Stations: Wartime Military Airfields of Lincolnshire and the East Midlands v. 2 - Page 139
- Halpenny, Bruce Barrymore Action Stations: Wartime Military Airfields of Lincolnshire and the East Midlands v. 2 - Page 136
- Halpenny, Bruce Barrymore Action Stations: Wartime Military Airfields of Lincolnshire and the East Midlands v. 2 - Page 140
- FIDO Film (the reference to RAF Metheringham is at the 7.17 mins point)
- Halpenny, Bruce Barrymore Ghost Stations Lincolnshire - Page 67
- Main Reference: Bruce Barrymore Halpenny Action Stations: Wartime Military Airfields of Lincolnshire and the East Midlands v. 2 (ISBN 978-0850594843)
- Halpenny, Bruce Barrymore Ghost Stations Lincolnshire (Paperback) (ISBN 978-1871448061)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to RAF Metheringham.|
- Metheringham airfield photos 2004 - 2008
- Metheringham Airfield Visitor Centre
|This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia (view authors).|