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RAF Hurn

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Royal Air Force Station Hurn
USAAF Station AAF-492
Ensign of the Royal Air Force.svg
Patch9thusaaf.png
Located near Bournemouth, Dorset, United Kingdom
Hurn-051947.jpg
Hurn airfield photographed in May 1947 still showing its World War II configuration
Type Military airfield
Coordinates Latitude:
Longitude:
Location code KU
Built 1941
In use 1941-1946
Controlled by Royal Air Force
United States Army Air Forces
Garrison RAF Transport Command
Ninth Air Force
Occupants Nos 297, 295, 296, 570 Squadrons
422nd Night Fighter Squadron
397th Bombardment Group
Battles/wars

European Theatre of World War II
Air Offensive, Europe July 1942 - May 1945

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Hurn-422dnfs-p61-42-5535.jpg
Northrop P-61A-5-NO Black Widow Serial 42-5535 of the 422nd Night Fighter Squadron.
Rivenhall-397bg-b26-1.jpg
Martin B-26C-45-MO Marauder Serial 42-107832 of the 598th Bomb Squadron.
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Martin B-26B-55-MA Marauder Serial 42-96142 of the 596th Bombardment Squadron.
For the civil use of this facility after 1944, see Bournemouth Airport

RAF Hurn is a former World War II airfield in Dorset, England. The airfield is located approximately 4 miles (6.4 km) north east of Christchurch; about 90 miles (140 km) southwest of London

Opened in 1941, it was used by both the Royal Air Force and United States Army Air Forces. During the war it was used primarily as a transport and fighter airfield.

Since 1969, it has been called Bournemouth Airport, although some still refer to it as Hurn.

USAAF use

Hurn was known as USAAF Station AAF-492 for security reasons by the USAAF during the war, and by which it was referred to instead of location. It's USAAF Station Code was "KU".

422d Night Fighter Squadron

On 28 June 1944, Northrup P-61 Black Widow night fighters of the 422d Night Fighter Squadron arrived from RAF Scorton, where their crews had been tutored in this particular aspect of air combat by the RAF. The detachment commenced operational flying on 3 July only to return to Scorton a week later.

397th Bombardment Group

On 5 August the 397th Bombardment Group arrived from RAF Rivenhall, equipped with Martin B-26 Marauders. The group consisted of the following operational squadrons:

  • 596th Bombardment Squadron (X2)
  • 597th Bombardment Squadron (9F)
  • 598th Bombardment Squadron (U2)
  • 599th Bombardment Squadron (6B)

The group's identification marking was a yellow diagonal band across both sides of the vertical tailplane. It moved the Advanced Landing Ground at Gorges, France, (A-26) on 19 August

The airfield was closed by the RAF in October 1944 and turned over for civil use.

See also

References

PD-icon.svg  This article incorporates public domain material from the Air Force Historical Research Agency website http://www.afhra.af.mil/.

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