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RAAD
Type Anti-tank missile
Place of origin  Iran
Service history
In service 1997 - Present
Used by See Operators
Wars 2006 Lebanon War
Production history
Designer KBM[1]
Manufacturer Parchin Missile Industries, Defense Industries Organization[2]
Produced 1995
Number built 1,500 missiles[3]
2,250 by 2004[4]
Variants See Variants
Specifications
Weight 11.78 kg (Missile)
23 kg (Guidance System)
Length 982 mm

Effective range 400 - 3000 m[5]

Speed 120 m/s
Guidance
system
MCLOS

The RAAD (Persian: رعد, meaning "thunder"‎) family of missiles is manufactured in Iran and based on the Soviet 9K11 Malyutka anti-tank guided missile with a range of a few kilometres. It is not to be confused with Iran's Ra'ad anti ship missile and Pakistan's Ra'ad cruise missile.[7]

From 1996 to 2004, a total of 2,250 RAAD missiles were produced in Iran.[4]

History

It was said that plans to start production of the RAAD started in 1994 when Chinese and North Korean assistance was enlisted in producing missiles to boost its domestic weapons industry[8] followed by actual production in 1995[4] with the actual weapon being unveiled by Defense Industries Organization on April 30, 1997.[9] Due to shortage of Western-made anti-tank weapons, it forced Iran to seek out alternate anti-tank weapons that included the purchase of the 9K11 Malyutka.[10]

In 1998, it was reported that Iran had begun producing an improved version of the Russian AT-3B . The new missile was called the Improved Raad or I-Raad with improvements that include a new front airframe fitted with a tandem high explosive anti-tank (HEAT) warhead.[2]

Israel had captured some quantities of the RAAD on the Karine A in January 2002.[11]

Combat use

Hezbollah said they used variants of the RAAD in the 2006 Lebanon War.[12] Iran was said to have supplied Hezbollah with the RAAD.[13]

Variants

I-RAAD

For Improved RAAD, it includes an upgraded tandem warhead that would defeat ERA.[7] A video camera-based SACLOS guidance system is also implemented,[2] mounted on a tripod.[10]

I-RAAD-T

Improvements include a new tandem warhead system and a new frame.[5][14] All RAAD and I-RAAD missiles can be changed to the I-RAAD-T version by possibly changing the warhead and missile frame.[5][14]

Equipment

The RAAD has almost the same gear as the 9K11 Malyutka, from the battery to the guidance unit with a simulator that can be used to train two operators on using the RAAD.[2][15]

Operators

See also

References

  1. Based on the producer of the 9K11 Malyutka
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 "Parchin". 2008-10-15. http://www.globalsecurity.org/wmd/world/iran/parchin.htm. Retrieved 2009-01-12.  Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "RAAD" defined multiple times with different content Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "RAAD" defined multiple times with different content
  3. "Ракетная промышленность, Военная промышленность Ирана" (in Russian). War Online. 2002-12-19. http://www.waronline.org/mideast/iran_industry.htm#missile. Retrieved 2009-01-12. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 "Transfers and licensed production of major conventional weapons: Imports sorted by recipient. Deals with deliveries or orders made 1994-2004". http://www.sipri.org/contents/armstrad/REG_IMP_IRA_94-04.pdf. Retrieved 2009-02-21. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 I-RAAD-T brochure
  6. It's assumed that the Iranians had copied the basis of the guidance unit.
  7. 7.0 7.1 Iran Builds Cruise Missile. Retrieved on May 12, 2008. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "Missile" defined multiple times with different content
  8. "Missile Chronology, 1994". Nuclear Threat Initiative. 2006-05. http://www.nti.org/e_research/profiles/Iran/Missile/1788_6235.html. Retrieved 2009-01-12. [dead link]
  9. "Missile Chronology, 1997". Nuclear Threat Initiative. 2006-02. http://www.nti.org/e_research/profiles/Iran/Missile/1788_1812.html. Retrieved 2009-01-12. [dead link]
  10. 10.0 10.1 "AIO Raad Anti-Tank Guided Weapon (Iran), Vehicle-mounted anti-tank guided weapons". Jane's Information Group. 2008-07-02. http://www.janes.com/articles/Janes-Armour-and-Artillery-Upgrades/AIO-Raad-Anti-Tank-Guided-Weapon-Iran.html. Retrieved 2009-01-19. 
  11. Kirill & Oleg Granovsky (2002-07-20). "Weapons Found on 'Karine-A' and 'Santorini'". http://www.waronline.org/en/analysis/pal_weapons.htm. Retrieved 2009-02-20. 
  12. Riad Kahwaji (2006-08-20). "Arab States Eye Better Spec Ops, Missiles". Ocnus.Net. http://www.ocnus.net/cgi-bin/exec/view.cgi?archive=100&num=25670&printer=1. Retrieved 2009-01-12. 
  13. "Iran Replenishes Hizbullah’s Arms Inventory, Jane’s Defence Weekly". 2007-01-03. http://cedarsrevolution.net/blog/?p=173. Retrieved 2009-02-21. 
  14. 14.0 14.1 "AT-3 SAGGER Anti-Tank Guided Missile". http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/russia/at-3.htm. Retrieved 2009-01-19. 
  15. "RAAD series anti-tank weapon systems (Iran), Anti-tank weapons". Jane's Information Group. 2008-12-31. http://www.janes.com/extracts/extract/jiw/jiw_0753.html. Retrieved 2009-02-20. [dead link]


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