Military Wiki
Type Anti-tank missile
Place of origin  Iran
Service history
In service 1997 - Present
Used by See Operators
Wars 2006 Lebanon War
Production history
Designer KBM[1]
Manufacturer Parchin Missile Industries, Defense Industries Organization[2]
Produced 1995
Number built 1,500 missiles[3]
2,250 by 2004[4]
Variants See Variants
Weight 11.78 kg (Missile)
23 kg (Guidance System)
Length 982 mm

Effective range 400 - 3000 m[5]

Speed 120 m/s

The RAAD (Persian: رعد, meaning "thunder"‎) family of missiles is manufactured in Iran and based on the Soviet 9K11 Malyutka anti-tank guided missile with a range of a few kilometres. It is not to be confused with Iran's Ra'ad anti ship missile and Pakistan's Ra'ad cruise missile.[7]

From 1996 to 2004, a total of 2,250 RAAD missiles were produced in Iran.[4]


It was said that plans to start production of the RAAD started in 1994 when Chinese and North Korean assistance was enlisted in producing missiles to boost its domestic weapons industry[8] followed by actual production in 1995[4] with the actual weapon being unveiled by Defense Industries Organization on April 30, 1997.[9] Due to shortage of Western-made anti-tank weapons, it forced Iran to seek out alternate anti-tank weapons that included the purchase of the 9K11 Malyutka.[10]

In 1998, it was reported that Iran had begun producing an improved version of the Russian AT-3B . The new missile was called the Improved Raad or I-Raad with improvements that include a new front airframe fitted with a tandem high explosive anti-tank (HEAT) warhead.[2]

Israel had captured some quantities of the RAAD on the Karine A in January 2002.[11]

Combat use

Hezbollah said they used variants of the RAAD in the 2006 Lebanon War.[12] Iran was said to have supplied Hezbollah with the RAAD.[13]



For Improved RAAD, it includes an upgraded tandem warhead that would defeat ERA.[7] A video camera-based SACLOS guidance system is also implemented,[2] mounted on a tripod.[10]


Improvements include a new tandem warhead system and a new frame.[5][14] All RAAD and I-RAAD missiles can be changed to the I-RAAD-T version by possibly changing the warhead and missile frame.[5][14]


The RAAD has almost the same gear as the 9K11 Malyutka, from the battery to the guidance unit with a simulator that can be used to train two operators on using the RAAD.[2][15]


See also


  1. Based on the producer of the 9K11 Malyutka
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 "Parchin". 2008-10-15. Retrieved 2009-01-12.  Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "RAAD" defined multiple times with different content Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "RAAD" defined multiple times with different content
  3. "Ракетная промышленность, Военная промышленность Ирана" (in Russian). War Online. 2002-12-19. Retrieved 2009-01-12. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 "Transfers and licensed production of major conventional weapons: Imports sorted by recipient. Deals with deliveries or orders made 1994-2004". Retrieved 2009-02-21. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 I-RAAD-T brochure
  6. It's assumed that the Iranians had copied the basis of the guidance unit.
  7. 7.0 7.1 Iran Builds Cruise Missile. Retrieved on May 12, 2008. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "Missile" defined multiple times with different content
  8. "Missile Chronology, 1994". Nuclear Threat Initiative. 2006-05. Retrieved 2009-01-12. [dead link]
  9. "Missile Chronology, 1997". Nuclear Threat Initiative. 2006-02. Retrieved 2009-01-12. [dead link]
  10. 10.0 10.1 "AIO Raad Anti-Tank Guided Weapon (Iran), Vehicle-mounted anti-tank guided weapons". Jane's Information Group. 2008-07-02. Retrieved 2009-01-19. 
  11. Kirill & Oleg Granovsky (2002-07-20). "Weapons Found on 'Karine-A' and 'Santorini'". Retrieved 2009-02-20. 
  12. Riad Kahwaji (2006-08-20). "Arab States Eye Better Spec Ops, Missiles". Ocnus.Net. Retrieved 2009-01-12. 
  13. "Iran Replenishes Hizbullah’s Arms Inventory, Jane’s Defence Weekly". 2007-01-03. Retrieved 2009-02-21. 
  14. 14.0 14.1 "AT-3 SAGGER Anti-Tank Guided Missile". Retrieved 2009-01-19. 
  15. "RAAD series anti-tank weapon systems (Iran), Anti-tank weapons". Jane's Information Group. 2008-12-31. Retrieved 2009-02-20. [dead link]

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