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R-5 on display at the Zhytomyr Korolyov Museum

The R-5 Pobeda[1] ("Victory") was a theatre ballistic missile developed by the Soviet Union during the Cold War. The R-5M version was assigned the NATO reporting name SS-3 Shyster and carried the GRAU index 8K51.

The R-5 was originally a development of OKB-1 as a single-stage missile with a detachable warhead reentry vehicle. The R-5M was a nuclear armed missile – the first nuclear missile to be deployed by the Soviet Union – with greater payload and weight but better reliability than its predecessor. The R-5M gave the Soviet Union the ability to target many strategic targets in Europe. The R-5M entered service on 21 May 1956 (retired in 1967), and in 1959 was installed at Vogelsang, Zehdenick in East Germany - the first Soviet nuclear missile base outside of the USSR.[2]

R-5 was additionally an oft-reported alternate designation for the Kaliningrad K-5 air-to-air missile.


  • Propellant liquid
  • Range 1200 km
  • Period of storage after fueling 1 hour[3]
  • Time of preparation 2,5 hours


 Soviet Union

See also


External links

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