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Qāsem Sultan Afshar or Qāsem Sultan Imānlū Afshar, was a Safavid military leader and official during the reign of King (Shah) Abbas I (r1588–1629).

Biography

Qāsem Sultan was a member of the Imānlū branch of the Afshar tribe, one of the original Qizilbash tribes that had supplied power to the Safavids since its earliest days.[1][2] During King Abbas I's early reign, Qāsem Sultan became the head of a group of Afshars whose duty it was to protect the marshes surrounding the city of Kermanshah.[1] In the early 17th century, marked by wars against the archrivals of the Safavids — the Ottomans — Qāsem Sultan fought with great distinction, which earned him the governorshop of Mosul in 1622.[3][1][4] However, shortly after, following the outbreak of a plague, he moved towards the western part of Azerbaijan with the rest of his tribe.[1] He became the founder of the Afshar community of the city of Urmia.[1] His son Kalb-e ʿAlī Beg (or Kalb' Ali Sultan Afshar) was appointed governor of Urmia in 1627-28,[1] or 1630,[3] until 1648.[3] The descendants of both formed the Qāsemlū clan — named in honor of Qāsem Sultan.[1]

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 Oberling 1984, pp. 582-586.
  2. Newman 2012, p. 184.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Floor 2008, p. 248. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "FOOTNOTEFloor2008" defined multiple times with different content Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "FOOTNOTEFloor2008" defined multiple times with different content
  4. Rothman 2015, p. 236.

Sources

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