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Puma
Puma 6x6.jpg
Puma 6×6 with a M2HB machine gun mount
Type Armoured personnel carrier
Place of origin Italy
Service history
In service 2001–present
Used by Operators
Production history
Designed 1988
Manufacturer Iveco-Oto Melara
Produced 2001–2004
Number built 250 6×6 and 330 4×4
Specifications
Weight 8.2/7 t
Length 5.07/4.76 m
Width 2.09 m
Height 1.67 m
Crew 2+4/2+2 passengers

Primary
armament
7.62mm, 12.7mm MG or Remote Weapon System
Secondary
armament
Smoke-grenade launchers
Engine IVECO 4-cylinder turbo-charged diesel
160 hp (118 kW)
Power/weight 22.8 (4×4) hp/tonne
Transmission 5-speed automatic 6×6/4×4
Operational
range
700 km (435 mi)
Speed 110 km/h

The Puma is a family of Italian light wheeled armoured fighting vehicle family, consisting of the Puma 6×6 and the Puma 4×4. The vehicles were developed and are produced by the Consorzio Iveco Fiat – Oto Melara for the Italian Army. First prototypes completed in 1988, with a total of five testbed vehicles being completed by 1990.

The 4x4 variant carries 3 troop members plus the driver, the 6×6 variant carries 6 troops plus driver.[1]

History

Italian Army Puma 4×4

At first the Puma was intended to complement the Centauro wheeled tank destroyer in service with the Italian Army's Cavalry Regiments, but today most infantry regiments of the Italian Army have also been equipped with Pumas.

Eight cavalry regiments and two special forces regiments are equipped with a total of 330 Puma 4×4 vehicles.

250 Puma 6×6 vehicles are in service with the Italian Army Lagunari Regiment "Serenissima", the "Folgore" Parachutist Brigade, the 66th Air Assault Regiment and the Alpini Regiments.

In Italian service, the 4×4 variant carries two soldiers in addition to the driver and gunner, and is used in pairs for battlefield reconnaissance. The 6X6 version carries four soldiers plus driver and gunner, and together with another Puma 6×6 can carry an entire Italian infantry squad of eight men.

At the end of 1999, the Italian Army ordered 580 Puma vehicles, 250 of the 6×6 configuration, and 330 4×4 vehicles. First vehicles were completed in mid-2003.[2][unreliable source?]

In 2007 the Italian Army ordered 19 Hitrole 12.7mm machine gun remote controlled turrets from Oto Melara and is planning to add extra armor to the vehicle.

In March 2013, Italy donated 20 of its Puma 4×4 vehicles to the Libyan National Army to face terrorism threats and reaffirm friendly ties with the former colony.[3]

Operators

Map of Puma AFV operators in blue


See also

References

External links


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