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Prince Emanuele Filiberto
Duke of Aosta
Preceded by Amedeo, 1st Duke
Succeeded by Amedeo, 3rd Duke
Personal details
Born (1869-01-13)13 January 1869
Genoa
Died 4 July 1931(1931-07-04) (aged 62)
Turin
Spouse(s) Princess Hélène of Orléans
Emanuel Filibert of Aosta
Born (1869-01-13)13 January 1869
Died 4 July 1931(1931-07-04) (aged 62)
Allegiance  Kingdom of Italy
Service/branch Army
Rank Marshal of Italy
Commands held Italian Third Army
Battles/wars World War I

Prince Emanuele Filiberto of Savoy-Aosta, 2nd Duke of Aosta (13 January 1869 – 4 July 1931) was a member of the House of Savoy, Crown Prince of Spain from 1870 to 1873, and a cousin of Victor Emmanuel III of Italy.

Biography

He was born in Genoa the eldest son of Prince Amadeo of Savoy, Duke of Aosta and his first wife Donna Maria Vittoria dal Pozzo della Cisterna. In 1870 his father was elected king of Spain and Emanuele Filiberto became the Crown Prince of Spain. His time as heir apparent would be short lived as his father abdicated and returned to Italy in 1873 after three years on the throne. In 1890 he succeeded to the title of Duke of Aosta.

He began his career in the Italian Army at Naples, in 1905, as commander. During the First World War the Duke of Aosta commanded the Italian Third Army, which gained the nickname of Armata invitta ("undefeated army"). Following the war he was promoted to the rank of Marshal of Italy by Benito Mussolini in 1926.

Prince Emanuele Filiberto died in 1931 at Turin; accordingly to his will, he was buried in the military cemetery of Redipuglia, together with thousands of soldiers of the Third Army.

Entitled to him were the Duke of Aosta Bridge in Rome, built in 1942, and another on the Piave at Jesolo, inaugurated in 1927. Also a cruiser of the Regia Marina was named after him, which was given to Soviet Union after World War II.

Family and children

He was married to Princess Hélène of Orléans (1871–1951). She was a daughter of Prince Philippe of Orléans and the Infanta Maria Isabel of Spain.

They had two sons:

  • Amedeo, 3rd Duke of Aosta (21 October 1898 – 3 March 1942); married Princess Anne of Orléans.
  • Aimone, 4th Duke of Aosta who briefly reigned as King Tomislav II of Croatia. (9 March 1900 – 29 January 1948); married Princess Irene of Greece and Denmark.

Ancestry

References

  • Encyclopædia Britannica (1950)

External links


Prince Emanuele Filiberto, Duke of Aosta
House of Savoy
Born: 13 January 1869 Died: 4 July 1931
Spanish royalty
Vacant
Bourbon dynasty deposed
Title last held by
Alfonso, Prince of Asturias
later became King Alfonso XII
Heir to the Throne
as heir apparent
16 November 1870 – 11 February 1873
Vacant
First Spanish Republic declared
Title next held by
Isabella, Princess of Asturias
Spanish nobility
Vacant
Bourbon dynasty deposed
Title last held by
Infante Alfonso
later became King Alfonso XII
Prince of Asturias
1 January 1871 – 11 February 1873
Vacant
First Spanish Republic declared
Title next held by
Infanta Isabella
Italian nobility
New creation Duke of Apulia
13 January 1869 – 18 January 1890
Succeeded by
Prince Amedeo of Savoy-Aosta
Preceded by
Prince Amedeo of Savoy
Duke of Aosta
2nd creation
18 January 1890 – 4 July 1931
Preceded by
Maria Vittoria dal Pozzo
Prince della Cisterna
8 November 1876 – 4 July 1931
Prince of Berliguardo
8 November 1876 – 4 July 1931
Marquis of Vorghera
8 November 1876 – 4 July 1931
Count of Ponderano
8 November 1876 – 4 July 1931

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