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{{Infobox Weapon
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{{Infobox weapon
 
|is_missile=yes
 
|is_missile=yes
 
|name=Pluton
 
|name=Pluton
|image=[[Image:Pluton 034.jpg|300px]]
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|image=[[File:Pluton 034.jpg|300px]]
 
|caption=
 
|caption=
 
|origin= France
 
|origin= France
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|ceiling=
 
|ceiling=
 
|altitude=
 
|altitude=
|filling=- Nuclear 15 [[kiloton|kt of TNT]] <br> - Nuclear 25 kt of TNT <br> - Conventional High-Explosive
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|filling=- Nuclear 15 kt of TNT <br> - Nuclear 25 kt of TNT <br> - Conventional High-Explosive
 
|guidance=Inertial
 
|guidance=Inertial
 
|detonation=
 
|detonation=
 
|launch_platform=TEL platform on an AMX-30 chassis
 
|launch_platform=TEL platform on an AMX-30 chassis
 
}}
 
}}
The '''Pluton missile''' was a [[France|French]] [[nuclear weapon|nuclear]]-armed [[short-range ballistic missile]] (SRBM) system launched from a [[transporter erector launcher]] (TEL) platform mounted on an [[AMX 30]] tank chassis. It was designed to provide the tactical part of [[Force de frappe|French nuclear deterrence]] during the [[Cold War]].
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The '''Pluton missile''' was a French [[nuclear weapon|nuclear]]-armed [[short-range ballistic missile]] (SRBM) system launched from a [[transporter erector launcher]] (TEL) platform mounted on an [[AMX 30]] tank chassis. It was designed to provide the tactical part of [[Force de frappe|French nuclear deterrence]] during the [[Cold War]].
   
 
The Pluton came in replacement of the U.S.-built ''[[Honest John]]'' missile. It had an operating range between {{convert|17|and|120|km|abbr=on}}, with a [[circular error probable|CEP]] of 150 m. This short range only allowed strikes on targets in [[West Germany]] or within France itself, which led to the development of the longer ranged [[Hadès (missile)|''Hadès'' missile]].
 
The Pluton came in replacement of the U.S.-built ''[[Honest John]]'' missile. It had an operating range between {{convert|17|and|120|km|abbr=on}}, with a [[circular error probable|CEP]] of 150 m. This short range only allowed strikes on targets in [[West Germany]] or within France itself, which led to the development of the longer ranged [[Hadès (missile)|''Hadès'' missile]].
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There were five ''Pluton'' regiments in the North of France, each having six launchers:
 
There were five ''Pluton'' regiments in the North of France, each having six launchers:
 
*[[3rd Artillery Regiment]] in [[Mailly]]
 
*[[3rd Artillery Regiment]] in [[Mailly]]
*[[4th Artillery Regiment]] in [[Laon]]
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*[[4th Artillery Regiment]] in Laon
 
*[[15th Artillery Regiment]] in [[Suippes]]
 
*[[15th Artillery Regiment]] in [[Suippes]]
 
*[[32nd Artillery Regiment]] in [[Oberhoffen-sur-Moder|Oberhoffen]]
 
*[[32nd Artillery Regiment]] in [[Oberhoffen-sur-Moder|Oberhoffen]]
*[[74th Artillery Regiment]] in [[Belfort]]
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*[[74th Artillery Regiment]] in Belfort
   
A project for an updated version, called ''Super-Pluton'', was dropped in favour of the [[Had%C3%A8s_(missile)|''Hadès'']] project, and the aging ''Pluton'' was gradually discarded until completely retired in 1993.<ref>http://www.fas.org/nuke/guide/france/theater/pluton.htm</ref>
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A project for an updated version, called ''Super-Pluton'', was dropped in favour of the [[Hadès (missile)|''Hadès'']] project, and the aging ''Pluton'' was gradually discarded until completely retired in 1993.<ref>http://www.fas.org/nuke/guide/france/theater/pluton.htm</ref>
   
 
==Operators==
 
==Operators==
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*The [[United States|American]] [[MGM-52 Lance]] missile.
 
*The [[United States|American]] [[MGM-52 Lance]] missile.
   
== References ==
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==References==
 
<references/>
 
<references/>
 
==External links==
 
==External links==
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{{French nuclear missiles}}
 
{{French nuclear missiles}}
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  +
{{Wikipedia|Pluton (missile)}}
   
 
[[Category:Cold War weapons of France]]
 
[[Category:Cold War weapons of France]]

Latest revision as of 19:24, 16 April 2016

Pluton
Pluton 034.jpg
Type Short-range tactical ballistic nuclear missile (SRBM)
Place of origin France
Service history
In service 1974 (terminated in 1993)
Used by France
Production history
Manufacturer SNIAS
Specifications
Weight 2,423 kg
Length 7.64 m
Diameter 0.65 m

Warhead - Nuclear 15 kt of TNT
- Nuclear 25 kt of TNT
- Conventional High-Explosive

Engine Single-stage solid
Operational
range
120 km
Speed 1100 m/s
Guidance
system
Inertial
Launch
platform
TEL platform on an AMX-30 chassis

The Pluton missile was a French nuclear-armed short-range ballistic missile (SRBM) system launched from a transporter erector launcher (TEL) platform mounted on an AMX 30 tank chassis. It was designed to provide the tactical part of French nuclear deterrence during the Cold War.

The Pluton came in replacement of the U.S.-built Honest John missile. It had an operating range between 17 and 120 km (11 and 75 mi), with a CEP of 150 m. This short range only allowed strikes on targets in West Germany or within France itself, which led to the development of the longer ranged Hadès missile.

The system was relatively light-weight, which allowed its deployment in difficult conditions. A CT-20 drone was available to provide last-minute information about the target before launch, making the Pluton system battle-capable.

There were five Pluton regiments in the North of France, each having six launchers:

  • 3rd Artillery Regiment in Mailly
  • 4th Artillery Regiment in Laon
  • 15th Artillery Regiment in Suippes
  • 32nd Artillery Regiment in Oberhoffen
  • 74th Artillery Regiment in Belfort

A project for an updated version, called Super-Pluton, was dropped in favour of the Hadès project, and the aging Pluton was gradually discarded until completely retired in 1993.[1]

Operators[]

 France

See also[]

References[]

External links[]

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