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Pierre de Ruel, marquis de Beurnonville

Felicite-Louise-Julie-Constance de Durfort, by Merry-Joseph Blondel, second wife to Pierre de Ruel.

Pierre de Ruel, marquis de Beurnonville (10 May 1752 – 23 April 1821) was a French general during the French Revolutionary Wars and later a marshal of France.[1]


Bournonville was born at Champignol-lez-Mondeville, Aube.[citation needed]

After service in the colonies, he married a wealthy Creole, Geneviève Gillot L'Étang. After his return to France, he purchased the post of lieutenant of the Swiss Guard of the count of Provence.[1]

During the French Revolution he was named lieutenant-general, and took an active part in the battles of Valmy and Jemmapes.[2] Minister of War in February 1793, he denounced his old commander, Charles François Dumouriez, to the Convention, and was one of the four deputies sent to watch him.[1]

Handed over by Dumouriez to the Austrians on 3 April 1793, Beurnonville was not exchanged until November 1795. He entered the service again, commanded the Army of Sambre-et-Meuse and Army of the North, and was appointed inspector of infantry of the Army of England in 1798. He was sent as ambassador to Berlin in 1800, and to Madrid in 1802.[1]

Napoleon made him a senator and count of the empire. In 1814 he was a member of the provisional government organized after the abdication of Napoleon. He followed Louis XVIII to exile in Ghent, and after the second restoration was made marquis and marshal of France (1816).[1]


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 Chisholm 1911, p. 834.
  2. Smith 1998, p. 30.


  • Smith, Digby (1998). The Napoleonic Wars Data Book. London: Greenhill. ISBN 1-85367-276-9. 
  •  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. "[[Wikisource:1911 Encyclopædia Britannica/Beurnonville, Pierre de Ruel Beust|]]" Encyclopædia Britannica 3 Cambridge University Press p. 834  Endnote:
    • See A Chaquet, Les Guerres de la Révolution (Paris, 1886).
Political offices
Preceded by
Jean-Nicolas Pache
French Minister of War
4 February 1793 – 1 April 1793
Succeeded by
Pierre Henri Hélène Marie Lebrun-Tondu

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