|Naval Reserve Command |
Pangasiwaan ng Panlaang Kawal ng Hukbong Pandagat
Comando de la Reserva de Armada
Coat of Arms of the Naval Reserve Command
|Active||12 May 1993 - Present|
|Type||20px Naval & Marine Reserve Force|
|Role||Conventional and Unconventional Warfare, Anti-Guerrilla Operations, Combat Support & Service Support, Force Multiplier, Training, Disaster Rescue & Relief, and Community Service|
|Size||120,000+ in Ready Reserve Status, 50,000+ in Standby Reserve Status|
|Part of||Under the Philippine Navy|
|Garrison/HQ||Fort Santiago Naval Reserve Base, Manila City, NCR|
Philippine Republic Presidential Unit Citation Badge
|Commo Primitivo P Gopo AFP|
|Unit Patch||NAVRESCOM Emblem|
The Naval Reserve Command, known officially as the NAVRESCOM or RESCOM, (Filipino: Pangasiwaan ng Panlaang Kawal ng Hukbong Pandagat) (PPKHP) is one the Philippine Navy's Major Support Commands created for the sole purpose of Reserve Force management, procurement, and organization.
The utilization and management of Reserve Forces in the Philippines started when Rajah Lapu-Lapu, chieftain of the Mactan Island, Cebu, rallied his troops and defeated the Spanish invaders lead by Fernando Magallanes in the year 1521. Due to his actions as the local village chief, Rajah Lapu-lapu and his townsfolk became the very first reservists that saw action in defending the Philippines.
By 1935, the Philippine Commonwealth, under the leadership of President Manuel Luis Quezon enacted the very first legislature of his government. Commonwealth Act Nr. 01 ensured that Philippines will be prepared to thwart off any invasion or aggression of some sort by any nation, or entity and thus called upon its citizens to provide manpower to then fledgling Philippine Army. The National Defense Act of 1935 heralded the creation of what would be the Armed Forces of the Philippines and very first documented account of voluntary citizen enlistment.
Reservists fought hard during the 1940s and saw action on almost all parts of the country in World War II. Regular and reserve members of then Philippine Army/ Philippine Army Air Corps (the forerunner for the Phil Air Force), the Philippine Constabulary, and the Philippine Offshore Patrol (what would become the Phil Navy later on.) were incorporated with US units and rallied under the banner of the USAFFE.
Post WWII saw the re-organization of the AFP and the further need to rebuilt the defense of the nation. Reserve units were then organized to Battalion Combat Teams with the sole purpose of force augmentation in the eventuality that another world war ensues.
1991 saw the birth of a new reserve force when Republic Act 7077 (Reservists Act of 1991) was signed into law on July 1, 1991. This new legislation directed the AFP to organize and create units with the sole purpose of reservists management.
Training is one of the primary tasks that is handled by NAVRESCOM. One of its primary training unit is the Naval Reserve Officer Training Corps (NROTC) and the Basic Citizen's Military Training (BCMT).
The Naval Reserve Command also through its ROTC Program prepare future officers in the navy serving in the reserve force. Under the Naval Officer Qualification Course (NOQC), college graduates are trained to take roles as officers in Philippine Navy and the Philippine Marine Corps.
Types of Reservists
There are currently two (2) types of reservists in the component of the AFP Reserve Force; the Ready Reserve and the Standby Reserve. Ready Reservists are personnel that are always on constant alert and on a call whenever the mobilization order has been given, while Standby Reservists are the personnel that support and augment the Ready Reserve Force when only needed.
Lineage of Commanding Officers
- Commo Jesus C Millan AFP 6 November 2010 - 1 October 2012
- Commo Primitivo P Gopo PN (GSC) 1 October 2012 – Present
- Naval Reserve Center National Capital Region
- Naval Reserve Center Northern Luzon
- Naval Reserve Center Southern Luzon
- Naval Reserve Center West
- Naval Reserve Center Eastern Visayas
- Naval Reserve Center Western Visayas
- Naval Reserve Center Eastern Mindanao
- Naval Reserve Center Western Mindanao
- Naval Reserve Force - Northern Luzon (Poro Point, San Fernando, La Union)
- Naval Reserve Force - NCR (Ft. Santiago, Cabildo St,Intramuros, Manila)
- Naval Reserve Force - Southern Luzon (Rauis, Legazpi City
- Naval Reserve Force - Western Visayas (Iloilo City)
- Naval Reserve Force - West (Puerto Princesa, Palawan)
- Naval Reserve Force - Eastern Visayas (CEV Ave Blvd, Cebu City)
- Naval Reserve Force - Western Mindanao (Lower Calarian,Zamboanga City)
- Naval Reserve Force - Eastern Mindanao (Cp Panacan, Davao City)
Marine Reserve Units
- Marine Reserve Brigade - NCR (HQS Philippine Marines,Bonifacio Naval Station,Makati City)
- Marine Reserve Brigade - West (Puerto Princesa, Palawan)
- Marine Reserve Brigade - Western Visayas (Iloilo City)
- Marine Reserve Brigade - Eastern Visayas (Cebu City)
- Marine Reserve Brigade - Western Mindanao (Zamboanga City)
- Marine Reserve Brigade - Eastern Mindanao (Davao City)
Awards and Decorations
|Award Streamer||Streamer Name||Operation||Date Awarded||Reference|
|Presidential Unit Citation Badge||SAR/DRR Ops, TS Ketsana & TS Parma||4 February 2010||General Orders No. 112, GHQ-AFP, dtd 04 Feb '10|
|Presidential Unit Citation Badge||General Elections, Philippines||1 July 2010||General Orders No. 641, GHQ-AFP, dtd 1 July '10|
|Military Badge||Badge Name||Operation||Date Awarded||Reference|
|AFP Election Duty Badge||General Elections, Philippines||21 May 2010||General Orders No. 513, GHQ-AFP, dtd 21 May '10|