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Philippe Villiers de L'Isle-Adam
Grand Master of the Order of Saint John

In office
1521 – 21 August 1534
Monarch King Charles II
Preceded by Fabrizio del Carretto
Succeeded by Piero de Ponte
Personal details
Born 1464
Auvergne, France
Died August 21, 1534(1534-08-21)
Malta
Resting place Valletta
Nationality French
Military service
Allegiance Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John
Battles/wars Siege of Rhodes

Culverin with the arms of Philippe Villiers de L'Isle-Adam, Rhodes. Caliber: 140mm, length: 339cm, weight: 2533kg, ammunition: 10kg iron ball. Remitted by Abdul-Aziz to Napoleon III in 1862.

Fra' Philippe de Villiers de L'Isle-Adam (1464–1534) was a prominent member of the Knights Hospitaller at Rhodes and later Malta. Having risen to the position of Prior of the Langue of Auvergne, he was elected 44th Grand Master of the Order in 1521.

He commanded the Order during Sultan Suleiman's long and bloody Siege of Rhodes in 1522, when 600 knights and 4500 soldiers resisted an invading force of about 100,000 men for six months,[1] but eventually negotiated the capitulation and the departure of the knights on New Year's Day 1523 to Crete.

He then led the Order during several years without a permanent domicile—first Kandi on Crete, then successively Messina, Viterbo and finally Nice (1527-1529). In 1530 de L'Isle-Adam obtained the islands of Malta and Gozo and the North African port city of Tripoli as fief for the Order from Emperor Charles V and established the Order, henceforth known as the Maltese Knights, in their new base.

Villiers de L'Isle-Adam died in Malta on 21 August 1534.

References[]

  1. L. Kinross, The Ottoman Centuries: The Rise and Fall of the Turkish Empire, 176
Preceded by
Fabrizio del Carretto
Grand Master of the Knights Hospitaller
1521–1534
Succeeded by
Piero de Ponte

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