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Philip of Artois, Count of Eu
Wedding of Philip of Artois and Marie of Auvergne
Personal details
Born 1358
Died 16 June 1397(1397-06-16)
Micalizo
Spouse(s) Marie, Duchess of Auvergne

Philip of Artois (1358 – June 16, 1397, Micalizo), son of John of Artois, Count of Eu, and Isabeau of Melun,[1] was Count of Eu from 1387 until his death, succeeding his brother Robert.

Philip was a gallant and energetic soldier. In 1383, he captured the town of Bourbourg from the English. He went on a pilgrimage to the Holy Land, and was imprisoned there by the Sultan of Egypt, being released through the mediation of Jean Boucicaut and the Venetians. In 1390, he joined the unsuccessful expedition of Louis II, Duke of Bourbon, against Mahdia. In 1392, he was created Constable of France.

On January 27, 1393, he married Marie (1367–1434), daughter of John, Duke of Berry. They had four children:

  • Philip II of Artois, Count of Eu,(1393-1397) was an infant when he succeeded his father, and survived him only by a little over six months. As his father was a captive in Turkey at the time, and it took time to know that Count Philip I had died, his own time as Count was a brief one, little marked, and, in fact, generally ignored. However, he is buried in a tomb that names him as Comte d'Eu, in the crypt of the Collegiale church of Eu. His next brother Charles succeeded him on his death, aged about 4, on December 23, 1397.
  • Charles of Artois, Count of Eu, captured at Agincourt[2] (1394–1472)
  • Bonne of Artois (1396 – September 17, 1425, Dijon), married at Beaumont-en-Artois on June 20, 1413, Philip II, Count of Nevers, and afterwards at Moulins-les-Engelbert on November 30, 1424, Philip III, Duke of Burgundy
  • Catherine (1397–1418/22), married c. 1416 John of Bourbon, Lord of Carency

As a prominent Crusader, he was one of the French contingent sent to take part in the Battle of Nicopolis. He was captured in the battle, and subsequently died in captivity.[3]

Notes

  1. Wilson, Katherine M., Medieval women writers, (Manchester University Press, 1984), 360.
  2. The Encyclopædia Britannica, Ed. Hugh Chisholm, 11th Edition, Vol.9, (1910).865.
  3. Wilson, 360.

References

  • The Encyclopædia Britannica, Ed. Hugh Chisholm, 11th Edition, Vol.9, 1910.
  • Wilson, Katherine M., Medieval women writers, Manchester University Press, 1984.
Philip of Artois, Count of Eu
House of Artois
Born: 1358 Died: 16 June 1397
Preceded by
Robert
Count of Eu
1387–1397
Succeeded by
Philip II of Artois, Count of Eu

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