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Peter Hammerschlag (June 27, 1902, Alsergrund, Vienna — 1942, Auschwitz concentration camp) was an Austrian writer, surrealist poet, actor, Kabarett artist and graphic artist. He was known for his cabarets, which continue to influence the arts in Austria today,[1] and in 2007, but was honoured on the Walk of Fame of Cabaret. Hammerschlag was granted an exit permit to leave Austria for Argentina in September 1941, he was, however, unable to obtain a passport through any channels.[2] Later that year he was put into a forced labour camp, and in 1942, he died in the Auschwitz concentration camp.[3] His work has been on display at the City of Vienna's Jewish Museum.[4]


  1. Mckenzie, John R. P.; Lesley A. Sharpe (1998). The Austrian Comic Tradition. Edinburgh University Press. ISBN 0-7486-1086-3. 
  2. Berger, Peter; Terry Gourvish, editor (2003). The Gildemeester Organisation for Assistance t Emigrants and the expulsion of Jews from Vienna, 1938-1942 in Business and Politics in Europe, 1900-1970: Essays in Honour of Alice Teichova. Cambridge. pp. 215–245. ISBN 0-521-82344-7. 
  3. Bohlman, Philip Vilas; Gilman, Sander L. (2008). Jewish musical modernism, old and new, Volume 1. University of Chicago Press. p. 183. ISBN 978-0-226-06326-3. 
  4. "AUSTRIAN NATIONAL LIBRARY: ANNUAL REPORT 1997". Austrian National Library. Retrieved 2008-06-10. 

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