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The Pershing House is located on Fort Sam Houston, in the Bexar County city of San Antonio in the U.S. state of Texas. It was placed on the National Register of Historic Places listings in Bexar County, Texas on July 30, 1974. Although this Commanding General housing was actually constructed in 1881, it has been referred to by its current name since John J. Pershing served as the base Commandant in 1917. Architect Alfred Giles was contracted to design the 10,830 square feet (1,000 m2), two-story house. In various phases during the 20th century, improvements have included the installation of electricity and air conditioning. The porch is now enclosed, and the plumbing upgraded.[1]

At one point in its existence, Fort Sam Houston was the largest Army post within the United States.[2] The commanding officers who have called the house a home were some of the most accomplished leaders in the United States Army prior to their being given charge of the base. Numerous Medal of Honor recipients have lived in the house.[1] Almost half of the base commandants were buried in Arlington National Cemetery. Pershing had been transferred to Fort Sam Houston from Fort Bliss, following his participation in the Pancho Villa Expedition. He would only be at Fort Sam Houston for two months before being given charge of the American Expeditionary Forces in Europe.[3] Pershing held the highest rank ever given an American army officer, and was one of the architects of the Treaty of Versailles.[4]

The names of the house's residents appear on a plaque presented to Fort Sam Houston by Julia Cotton White, wife of base commandant General Isaac D. White. The plaque continues to be updated as an historical record of who lived there. Mrs. White died in 1989.[1]

Residents of Pershing House

Fort Sam Houston commandants who lived at Pershing House
Residency Name Image Birth–Death Burial Notes
1881–83 Brigadier General Christopher C. Augur Christopher C. Augur - Brady-Handy.jpg (1821–1898) Arlington National Cemetery [5] American Civil War veteran[6]
1883 Brigadier General Ranald S. Mackenzie RSMackenzie.jpg (1840–1899) West Point[7] Red River War (1874), retired from the Army six months after arriving at Fort Sam Houston.[8]
1883–84 Lieutenant General John M. Schofield SchofieldOfficialPortrait.jpg (1831–1906) Arlington National Cemetery[9] Medal of Honor July 2, 1892, for action at Wilson's Creek, Missouri, August 10, 1861.[10] Later served as U.S. Secretary of War, Schofield Barracks named in his honor.[11]
1884–1892 Brigadier General David S. Stanley David Sloane Stanley head.jpg (1828–1902) United States Soldiers' and Airmen's Home National Cemetery[12] Medal of Honor March 29, 1893, for action at Franklin, Tennessee November 30, 1864[10]
1892–95 Major General Frank Wheaton FrankWheaton.jpg (1833–1903) Arlington National Cemetery [13] American Civil War veteran[14]
1895–97 Major General Zenas R. Bliss Z R Bliss.jpg (1835–1900) Arlington National Cemetery [15] Medal of Honor awarded December 38, 1898, for action during the American Civil War at Fredericksburg, Virginia on December 13, 1862[16]
1897–98 Major General William Montrose Graham, Jr. William Montrose Graham, Jr.jpg (1834–1916) Congressional Cemetery[17] American Civil War veteran and nephew of George Meade [18]
1899–1901 Brigadier General [19] Chambers McKibbin (1841–1918) Arlington National Cemetery [20] American Civil War veteran[21]
1902–1904 Brigadier General[22] Frederick Dent Grant Frederick Dent Grant.jpg (1850–1912) West Point[23]

Spanish-American War veteran[24]

1904–1906 Brigadier General Jesse M. Lee Served in the Philippines[22][25]
1906–1907 Brigadier General William S. McCaskey (1843–1914) San Francisco National Cemetery[26] Informed George Armstrong Custer's widow about the Battle of the Little Bighorn[27]
1907–1910 Brigadier General Albert L. Myer
1910–1911 Brigadier General Ralph W. Hoyt
1911–1912 Brigadier General Joseph Wilson Duncan (1853–1912) Arlington National Cemetery[28] Participated in the capture of Mount Dajo, Philippine Islands[29]
1913–1915 General Tasker H. Bliss Gen Tasker H Bliss.JPG (1853–1930) Arlington National Cemetery[30] U.S. Army Chief of Staff, multiple awards and citations from multiple countries, USS Tasker H. Bliss (AP-42) named in his honor[31]
1915–1917 Major General Frederick Funston MajGenFrederickFunston.jpg (1865–1917) San Francisco National Cemetery[32] Medal of Honor awarded February 10, 1900 for action Rio Grande de la Pampanga, Luzon, Philippine Islands, 27 April 1899[33]
1917 General of the Armies of the United States John J. Pershing General John Joseph Pershing head on shoulders.jpg (1860–1948) Arlington National Cemetery[34] Multiple international awards and recognitions, received the highest rank ever given an American army officer. Helped frame the Treaty of Versailles[3][4]
1917 Major General James Parker (1854–1934) Saint Marys Episcopal Churchyard[35] Medal of Honor awarded March 8, 1902 for action at Vigan, Luzon, Philippine Islands, 4 December 1899.[33]
1917–1918 Major General John Wilson Ruckman (1858–1921) West Point Distinguished Service Medal awarded 1926 for service during World War I[36]
1918 Major General Willard Ames Holbrook Willard Ames Holbrook.jpg (1860–1932) Arlington National Cemetery[37] Distinguished Service Medal awarded 1919 for action at the Mexican-American border[38][39]
1918–1919 Major General DeRosey Carroll Cabell, Sr. (1861–1924) San Francisco National Cemetery[40] Distinguished Service Medal for service during the Mexican Border Wars (1916–1918)[41]
1919–1921 Major General Joseph T. Dickman JosephTDickman.jpg (1857–1927) Arlington National Cemetery[42] Multiple awards, USS Joseph T. Dickman (APA-13) named in his honor[43]
1921–1922 Chief of Staff of the U.S. Army John L. Hines John L. Hines.jpg (1868–1968) Arlington National Cemetery Multiple awards and recognitions; May 5, 2000, the United States Postal Service Distinguished Soldiers, a set of four stamps which featured Hines, Audie Murphy, Alvin York and Omar Bradley[44][45]
1922–1924 Major General Edward Mann Lewis (1863–1949) San Francisco National Cemetery[46] Spanish-American War, Philippines, World War I[47]
1924, 1925–1928 Major General Ernest J. Hinds (1864–1941) Fort Sam Houston National Cemetery[48] USS Ernest Hinds named in his honor
1924–1925 General Charles Pelot Summerall File:Charles Pelot Summerall.jpg (1867–1955) Arlington National Cemetery[49] Multiple awards, Chief of Staff United States Army[50]
1928 Major General Thomas Quinton Donaldson, Jr. (1864–1934) Arlington National Cemetery[51] Inspector General, instructor of Military Science[52]
1928–1930 Major General William Lassiter Distinguished Service Medal for service in World War I, Silver Star Citation for service in the Spanish-American War[53]
1930–1933 Major General Ernest B. Winans General Edwin Winans.jpg (1869–1947) Distinguished Service Medal for his performance World War I in commandof the 64th Infantry Brigade, 32nd Division, 1st Army Corps, of the American Expeditionary Force[54]
1933–1934 Major General Johnson Hagood MG Johnson Hagood.jpg (1873–1948) Magnolia Cemetery[55] World War I veteran whose memoirs were published as Caissons Go Rolling Along[56][57]
1936 Major General Frank Parker Frank Parker.jpg (1872–1947) Commander, 8th Corps Area, Fort Sam Houston, Tex., March–Sept 1936. Retired in 1936[58][59]
1936–1940 Lieutenant General Herbert J. Brees Herbert J Brees.jpg (1877–1958) Fort Sam Houston National Cemetery[60] Distinguished Service Medal awarded 1919 for service in World War I, Silver Star Citation awarded 1922 for action in France September 27–28, 1918[61]
1941–1942 General Walter Krueger Krueger only.jpg (1881–1967) Arlington National Cemetery[62] WWII Commander Sixth United States Army in the South West Pacific Area[63]Walter Krueger Middle School named in his honor.[64]
1942–1943 General Courtney Hodges Courtney Hodges.jpg (1887–1966) Arlington National Cemetery [65] World War II Commander First United States Army in Northwest Europe, multiple awards[66]
1944 General William Hood Simpson William H. Simpson portrait.jpg (1898–1990) Arlington National Cemetery[67] WWII Commander U.S. Ninth Army in northern Europe, multiple awards[68]
1944–1945 General John P. Lucas John P. Lucas.jpg (1890–1949) Arlington National Cemetery[69] A commander of VI Corps (September 1943 – February 1944) during the Italian Campaign of the Mediterranean Theater of World War II, multiple awards and recognitions[70]
1945 Lieutenant General Alexander Patch Alexander Patch portrait.jpg (1889–1945) West Point Cemetery[71] Commanded both the U.S. Army and the United States Marine Corps forces during the invasion of Guadalcanal, and the Seventh Army in Operation Dragoon (the invasion of southern France). Died November 1945 at Brooke General Hospital[72]
1946–1947 General Jonathan M. Wainwright Jonathan Wainright.jpg (1883–1953) Arlington National Cemetery[73] Medal of Honor awarded September 19, 1945 for March 12 to May 7, 1942 service in the Philippines[74]
1947–1949 4-star General Thomas T. Handy Thomas Handy.jpg (1892–1982) Arlington National Cemetery[75] Deputy Chief of Staff, United States Army[76]
1949–1952 General LeRoy Lutes LeRoy Lutes.jpg (1890–1980) Arlington National Cemetery[77] Dwight D. Eisenhower's General Staff as Director of the Service, Supply and Procurement Division, Distinguished Service Award for service 1962–1966[78][79]
1952–1953 General William M. Hoge William Hoge.jpg (1894–1979 Arlington National Cemetery [80] Directed the construction of the 1,519-mile (2,450 km) ALCAN Highway in nine months, commanded the Provisional Engineer Special Brigade Group in the assault on Omaha Beach[81]
1953 General John E. Dahlquist John E Dahlquist.jpg (1896–1975) Arlington National Cemetery[82] WWI division commander, multiple awards and recognitions[83]
1953–1955 General Isaac D. White I.D. White;40-white l.jpg (1901–1990) Unknown[84] Commander, U.S. Army Pacific[85]
1955–1958 Lieutenant General John Howell Collier John Howell Collier.jpg (1899–1980) Fort Sam Houston National Cemetery [86] A commander of 2nd Armored Division units in World War II and as the Army's Chief of Armor.[87]
1958–1959 General Guy S. Meloy, Jr. Guy S Meloy Jr.jpg (1903–1964) Arlington National Cemetery[88] Ccmmander of all U.S. forces in Korea during the Cold War[89]
1959–1961 Lieutenant General Edward Thomas Williams Edward T. Williams.jpg (1901–1973) Fort Sam Houston National Cemetery[90] Chief of artillery for the Third United States Army in Europe during World War II, commander of the United States Army Field Artillery Center
1961–1962 Lieutenant General Donald Prentice Booth Donald Prentice Booth.JPG (1902–1993) Arlington National Cemetery[91] Commanding General of Fourth Army 1961–1962. Retired as Lieutenant General on February 28, 1962[92]
1962–64 Lieutenant General Carl H. Jark (1905–1984) Fort Sam Houston National Cemetery[93][94] Distinguished service medal for service February 1952 – July 1964[95]
1964–66 Lieutenant General Robert Wesley Colglazier, Jr. File:Robert W. Colglazier 2.jpg (1904–1993) Fort Sam Houston National Cemetery[96] Distinguished Service Medals for service July 1959 – July 1964 and for service August 1964 – January 1966[97]
1966–1967 Lieutenant General Thomas W. Dunn (1908–1983) West Point[98] Distinguished Service Medal for service in Vietnam (February 1966 – June 1967)[99]
1967–1968 Lieutenant General Lawrence J. Lincoln (1909–2000) Arlington National Cemetery [100] Three Distinguished Service Medals, one for service in World War II, two for service in Vietnam (August 1964 – June 1967) and (July 1967 – July 1968)[101]
1968–1971 Lieutenant General Harry H. Critz
1971 Lieutenant General George G. O'Connor
1971 4-star General George V. Underwood, Jr. GEN Underwood, George V Jr.jpg (1913–1984) Fort Bliss National Cemetery[102] Army Distinguished Service Medal awarded for service in Vietnam July 1960 to January 1966[103]
1971–1973 Lieutenant General Patrick F. Cassidy (1915–1990) Fort Sam Houston National Cemetery[104] Distinguished Service Cross awarded for action in France on June 11, 1944[105]

See also

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 "Pershing House". Texas State Historical Association. http://atlas.thc.state.tx.us/viewform.asp?atlas_num=2074002058&site_name=Pershing%20House&class=2001. Retrieved September 10, 2012. 
  2. Leatherwood, Art. "Fort Sam Houston". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/qbf43. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 Metz, Leon C.. "John Joseph Pershing". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fpe80. Retrieved September 10, 2012. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 "John J. Pershing". Arlington National Cemetery. http://www.arlingtoncemetery.net/johnjose.htm. Retrieved September 10, 2012. 
  5. Christopher Columbus Augur at Find a Grave
  6. Wooster, Robert. "Christopher Columbus Augur". Handbook of Texas online. Texas State Historical Association. http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fau17. Retrieved September 10, 2012. 
  7. Ranald Slidell Makenzie at Find a Grave
  8. Wallace, Ernest. "Ranald S. Mackenzie". Handbook of Texas online. Texas State Historical Association. http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fma07. Retrieved September 10, 2012. 
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  10. 10.0 10.1 "Medal of Honor Civil War M-Z". U.S. Army Center of Military History. http://www.history.army.mil/html/moh/civwarmz.html. Retrieved September 10, 2012. 
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  82. John E. Cahlquist at Find a Grave
  83. "John Ernest Dahlquist". Arlington National Cemetery. http://www.arlingtoncemetery.net/jedahlquist.htm. Retrieved September 10, 2012. 
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  90. Edward Thomas Williams at Find a Grave
  91. Donald Prentice Booth at Find a Grave
  92. "Donald Prentice Booth". Arlington National Cemetery. http://www.arlingtoncemetery.net/dpbooth.htm. Retrieved September 10, 2012. 
  93. Carl H. Jark at Find a Grave
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  98. Thomas W. Dunn at Find a Grave
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  102. General George Vernon Underwood Jr. at Find a Grave
  103. "George V. Underwood DSM". Military Times. http://militarytimes.com/citations-medals-awards/recipient.php?recipientid=113625. Retrieved September 10, 2012. 
  104. Patrick F. Cassidy at Find a Grave
  105. "Patrick F. Cassidy DSC". Military Times. http://militarytimes.com/citations-medals-awards/recipient.php?recipientid=21957. Retrieved September 10, 2012. 

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